1 9 3 9
September Deployed with 2nd Cruiser Squadron
for patrol off Norway with Humber Force to intercept any
Commerce Raider attempting passage to
Atlantic or any blockade runner
to German port.
patrol with HM Destroyer JERSEY Intercepted German freighter
BUHR which was then scuttled by crew.
duty in North Sea in continuation with HM Cruiser SOUTHAMPTON
with HM Cruisers SOUTHAMPTON, SHEFFIELD and AURORA
offensive patrol in Skaggerak.
Returned to Rosyth when operation
cancelled after HM Destroyers JERSEY
involved in collision.
with Home Fleet units to escort damaged submarine HMS
SPEARFISH on passage to base in North Sea.
Under air attacks.
HM Battlecruisers HOOD and REPULSE with screen of Home Fleet
to carry out search for German battlecruiser GNEISENAU and
reported on passage in North
with HM Cruiser NEWCASTLE as escort for convoy of 19
from convoy and returned to Scapa
HM Cruisers BELFAST, SOUTHAMPTON and AURORA
North Sea Striking Force based at Rosyth.
to Rosyth after HMS BELFAST detonated a magnetic mine
Striking Force was leaving harbour and planned operation was
out unsuccessful search off Norway with two destroyers for
German liner BREMEN.
Diverted to join Home Fleet ships in
NW Approaches in search for
SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU after the sinking of
HM Armed Merchant Cruiser RAWALPINDI
which had been escorting
in an unsuccessful search for ss CITY OF FLINT which had
captured by a German commerce raider and was on passage with
a Prize Crew
December Deployed in North Sea and NW Approaches for interception patrol.
1 9 4 0
January Transferred to 18th Cruiser
Squadron, Home Fleet.
convoy in NW Approaches with HMS NEWCATLE.
February North Sea escort and patrol duties in continuation
17th Captured German trawler off Trondheim during patrol.
On release took passage to Belfast for routine docking and maintenance.
Deployed at Belfast.
(Note: During docking period
Degaussing equipment fitted to prevent
against detonation of magnetic mines
See THE TORPEDOMEN by A Poland.)
For details of Home Fleet activities
and work of the Northern
Naval Staff History, ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE
CLOSELY by Corelli Barnett and ARMED
CRUISERS by K Poolman).
20th Resumed Home Fleet duties on completion of repair.
to Rosyth from Scapa Flow.
troops and stores in Forth with HM Cruisers BERWICK,
YORK and DEVONSHIRE to take part in planned allied landings
in Norway (Operation RUPERT/R4)
disembarked when Operation cancelled
Took passage from Forth
with same cruisers to intercept enemy
reported on passage in North
from search with HM Cruisers MANCHESTER,
SHEFFIELD, SOUTHAMPTON and AURORA to attack shipping at
Bergen after German invasion of Norway.
Bergen attack cancelled by Admiralty and rejoined Fleet
Under heavy and sustained air attacks
during which HM Destroyer
GURKHA was sunk. Two ratings killed
on board when ship was
missed”. See Naval Staff History (HMSO – 2001)
with HMS SHEFFIELD and took passage to refuel at Scapa
Flow. Under further air attacks.
from Scapa Flow with HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD screened by
HM Destroyers SOMALI, SIKH, MASHONA,
to carry out sweep in search of enemy vessels taking
troops to Norway.
with same destroyers to search for warships reported by
aircraft in Alesund area of Norway.
Diverted on Admiralty orders to carry
out landings at Namsos by
marines from the two cruisers (Operation HENRY)
advance party at Bangsund, near Namsos.
On completion carried out patrol
northwards (Operation HARRY).
17th Recovered landing party from destroyers.
Passage to Scapa Flow to replenish.
Nominated reinforcement of allied
force at Andalsnes
Passage to Rosyth
for troops and stores.
from Rosyth HM Cruisers GALATEA and SHEFFIELD,
HM Destroyers VANSITTART, CAMPBELL, ICARUS,
off shore on arrival and discharged passengers and stores
destroyers and small craft for landing (Operation SICKLE)
On completion took passage to rejoin
Home Fleet ships east of Shetlands.
28th Passage to Molde with HM Destroyers JACKAL and JAVELIN.
King Haakon of Norway at Molde with Crown Prince ,
Government ministers and allied
legation personnel for passage to Tromso.
(Note: A quantity of gold bullion was
to Scapa Flow from Tromso escorted by HMS
JACKAL, after passengers transferred to a Norwegian warship.
(For details of the disastrous
operations off Norway see NARVIK by
D MacIntyre, THE DOOMED EXPEDITION by
J Adams and
May On arrival at Scapa Flow nominated for special duty and took
passage to Greenock.
Royal Marines at Greenock.
from Greenock for Iceland with HM Cruiser BERWICK,
HM Destroyers FEARLESS and FORTUNE to
carry out initial
prior to landing of military occupation force.
10th Arrived at Reykjavik and disembarked Marines.
Sailed for with German nationals for
internment and carried
in eastern fjords before final departure.
On arrival at Liverpool taken in hand for refit
June Under refit.
(Note: Work included installation of an RAF air-surface radar
naval use (Radar Type 286M). For details of
and use of radar by RN see RADAR AT SEA
by D Howse.).
and captured Italian freighter GAMBIANO in Liverpool
docks after Italy declared war.
Home Fleet deployment on completion of refit.
in North Sea with HM Cruisers SOUTHAMPTON,
SUSSEX and SHROPSHIRE in search for German warships.
in fog at high speed, collided with HM Destroyer
IMOGEN off Duncansby Head.
started and structural damage forward above the waterline.
Rescued crew of
HMS IMOGEN when fires became out of control
and this warship had to be abandoned.
22nd Taken in hand for repair at Liverpool.
August Under repair.
October Nominated for service in Mediterranean.
service on completion.
passage to Gibraltar with HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL and
HM Battleship BARHAM with screen of
troops for passage to Malta and joined Force X with
HM Battleship BARHAM, HM Cruiser
Destroyers, GALLANT, GRIFFIN, GREYHOUND and
ENCOUNTER for passage to Malta (Operation COAT).
(Note: Cover for the passage of these
reinforcements for the Fleet
in Alexandria was provided by Force H. See MALTA
CONVOYS by R Woodman, THE BATTLE FOR THE
MEDITERRANEAN by D Macintyre and Naval Staff
troops in Malta and joined 7th Cruiser Squadron.
Deployed as escort for HM Aircraft
Carrier ILLUSTRIOUS with
HM Cruisers BERWICK, GLOUCESTER and YORK to provide cruiser cover
attacks on Italian Fleet at Taranto
troops in Alexandria with HM Cruisers BERWICK,
YORK and SYDNEY (RAN) for passage to Piraeus, Greece.
troops in Piraeus and took return passage to Egypt
with HMS GLOUCESTER and HMS YORK with
destroyers for escort of Malta relief convoy MW4 as Force E
(Operation MB9 – Covered by Force D,
HM Battleship RAMILLIES,
HM Cruisers BERWICK, COVENTRY and NEWCASTLE screened
Destroyers DEFENDER, DIAMOND, GALLANT,
HEREWARD. Force C. HM Aircraft Carrier
EAGLE, HM Battleships MALAYA
and BARHAM provided
Part of major Operation COLLAR))
26th Arrived in Malta with ships of Force E and MW4.
27th Took passage from Malta with Force E.
HM Cruisers MANCHESTER and SOUTHAMPTON on
Force F from Gibraltar to join Mediterranean Fleet at Alexandria.
with Ships of Forces D, E and F as escort for Convoy ME4
passage from Malta to Alexandria.
to Suda Bay, Crete.
air attack at Suda Bay and damaged by two torpedoes.
and some fires aft. Two shafts were damaged.
Returned to Alexandria at 17 knots.
10th Under temporary repair at Alexandria.
(Note: For further details see above
1 9 4 1
January Under repair.
February Transferred to East Indies
Station because of speed limitation
to 24 knots
following damage at Suda Bay.
(Note: Only two shafts were available
as repair not possible at Alexandria.)
15th Transit of Suez Canal; on passage to Indian Ocean.
(Note: Ship provided cover for
passage of HM Supply Ships
GLENEARN, GLENGYLE and GLENROY to Mediterranean
as Force Y.
They were to be deployed with Mediterranean Fleet
converted for use as Landing Ships (Infantry).
on passage to join search in Indian
Ocean by East Indies
Fleet ships for German ADMIRAL SCHEER
which had sunk a
Canadian Armed Merchant Cruiser.
22nd Continued search with HM Aircraft Carrier HERMES. HM
AUSTRALIA (RAN), CANBERRA (RAN), EMERALD, SHROPSHIRE
Ship’s WALRUS aircraft sighted SCHEER
in a position 140 miles from ship
contact not attempted because of inadequate fuel remaining.
28th Joined Force Y on release from search and escorted during
passage to Aden.
HM Cruiser CALEDON with HM Destroyers KIPLING and
KANDAHAR for escort of HM Armed Boarding Vessels
CHANTALA during passage to Berbera.
naval gunfire support during landings of military units
at Berbera, British
Somaliland, which was
On release from APPEARANCE deployed
for convoy defence
interception patrol in Indian
April Passage to Seychelles for escort of ss
Deployed with HM Cruiser CANBERRA (RAN) as escort for ss
TALAMBA from Seychelles to join military convoy WS6 on
Mombasa to Aden.
WS6 and relieved HM Cruisers CORNWALL and PHOEBE as
(Note: HM Cruiser DORSETSHIRE
remained with WS6)
from WS6 and resumed interception patrol duties in
with HM Cruiser COLOMBO.
24th At Mombasa with HMS COLOMBO.
military convoy WS7 as Ocean Escort with HMS
COLOMBO as relief for HM Cruiser HAWKINS.
(Note: WS7 included troopships on
passage to Aden and Bombay.)
with WS7 when convoy divided into sections for Aden
and Bombay (WS7X)
from WS7 Ocean Escort when convoy dispersed on its
arrival off Perim
passage from Aden to Colombo diverted to carry out search for
raider PINGUIN known to be active in Indian Ocean.
June Indian Ocean
interception patrol and convoy defence duties in
including call at Singapore.
military convoy WS11X as Ocean Escort for passage to Bombay
after it had
detached from WS11 during passage from Durban.
22nd Detached from WS11X on arrival at Bombay and resumed patrol duties.
military convoy WS12 during passage from Durban to Aden and
Ocean Escort for new convoy WS12J during passage to
(Note: WS12J comprised the troopships
DUCHESS OF RICHMOND,
and EMPRESS OF CANADA.)
23rd Detached from WS12J on arrival at Colombo.
as Ocean Escort for DOMINION MONARCH and
EMPRESS OF CANADA as Convoy WS12
during passage in
Indian Ocean to Singapore.
by HM Cruiser DRAGON as Ocean Escort for rest of
passage to Singapore and returned to Colombo as escort for ss AWATEA.
Indian Ocean patrol duties on arrival at Colombo
December Deployed in Bay of Bengal.
fire and sank Royal Indian Navy Patrol Vessel HMIS
PRABNAVATI which had been mistakenly
identified as a
Landed survivors at Bombay.
(Note: This 500 ton ship had been
requisitioned by the RIN).
1 9 4 2
January Convoy defence and patrol in
March Passage from Durban with HM Armed Merchant Cruiser
reinforce escort for military convoy.
HMS NEWCASTLE and HM Sloop MILFORD
Ocean Escort for military convoy
NEWCASTLE detached later that day.)
April Nominated for repair and refit in USA.
from WS16 on relief by HM Cruiser COLOMBO
and HM Armed
Merchant Cruiser ALAUNIA.
(Note: Japanese naval units were
known to be operating in
Indian Ocean. See WAR WITH JAPAN (HMSO).)
Took return passage to Mombasa.
Prepared for passage to USA and sailed from Mombasa.
in hand for repair and refit by US Navy Yard in New York.
June Under refit.
Work done included
Main armament Fire-control Radar Type
284, Aircraft warning
July Fire-control Radars Type 285 and 282,
Aircraft warning Radar
Radar Type 281 installation and Radar
Type 286M replaced by
Close range AA armament improved by
fit of additional 20mm
August On completion of Post Refit trials took passage to UK to complete radar
September On completion of refit work carried
out trials off Portsmouth..
10th Cruiser Squadron and worked-up at Scapa Flow.
October Resumed operational service
with Squadron in Home Fleet
based at Scapa Flow.
November Home Fleet deployment in
December Under repair at Clyde commercial shipyard.
1 9 4 3
January Rejoined Squadron in Home
with HM Cruisers BERMUDA and KENT to
against attack on Russian Convoy JW52 and return convoy RA52
(Note: For details of all Russian
Convoy operations see CONVOYS TO
RUSSIA by RA Ruegg, CONVOY ! by P Kemp, ARCTIC
CONVOYS by R Woodman and THE RUSSIAN
February Deployed with Squadron for Home
Provided cover for Atlantic convoys
based in Iceland.
anchor at Seidisfjord and grounded.
Towed clear by tugs.
with HM Battleships KING GEORGE V and
HOWE to provide Distant Cover for
return passage of
Convoy RA53 from Kola Inlet. See
for Northern Patrol based in Iceland.
During Area WHITE Patrol in Denmark Strait intercepted German
runner REGENSBERG on passage from Japan. Enemy
scuttled on approach. Six survivors were rescued.
April Home Fleet deployment for interception and
May Transferred to Plymouth Command for
interception of coastal
blockade runners in SW Approaches.
to cover destroyer operations against French coastal
with HMS BERMUDA.
in Bay of Biscay and SW Approaches to cover HM Escort
Aircraft Carrier ARCHER and frigates
of Escort Group B5 during
(For details of the offensive carried
out against U-Boats in transit
to and from
Atlantic convoy routes see HITLER’S U-BOAT
WAR by C Blair, THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC by D
Macintyre, U-BOAT WAR IN THE ATLANTIC (HMSO) and
Ocean Escort for ships of 1st Minelaying Squadron
minelay in Northern Barrage.
(Operation SN22A – See Naval Staff
July Channel deployment in continuation.
with HM Destroyers ATHABASKAN (RCN),
IROQUOIS (RCN) and Polish ORP ORKAN for offensive
patrol in Bay of Biscay.
August Under refit by HM Dockyard
Aircraft facilities removed. Additional 20mm weapons
September fitted to improve Close Rage air
defence. Radar outfits
with new Fire-Control Type 283 fitted. IFF
was installed and VHF radio-telephone outfits.
October On completion transferred to
Portsmouth Command in continuation.0
First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham
Dudley Pound for ceremonial interment of Admiral
of the Fleet
Sir Dudley Pound whose ashes were scattered 30
miles off Nab Tower.
November Deployed in English Channel and SW Approaches to cover
French coastal shipping (Operation TUNNEL Series)
December Interception patrol and covering
duties in continuation.
with HM Cruiser GAMBIA NNW of Azores to
blockade runners known to be on passage from Far East
sighting by SUNDERLAND aircraft, redeployed with HM Cruisers
ENTERPRISE, PENELOPE and ARIADNE to intercept blockade runner
In action with German destroyers and
torpedo boats sent to meet blockade
with HMS ENTERPRISE sank destroyer Z25 and torpedo
structural damage from splinters.
ALSTERUFER was abandoned after air
attacks and later sank.
survivors were rescued.
attack by Glider Bombs controlled by aircraft whilst on passage to
Plymouth with HMS ENTERPRISE after engagement
1 9 4 4
January Convoy defence, cover and
interception patrol duties in
April Nominated for support of planned allied landings
Allocated for service with Western
Task Force under US Navy
Command in Bombarding Force C with US
TEXAS and ARKANSAS, Free French Cruisers MONTCALM and
GEORGES LEYGUES, nine US Navy
destroyers and three RN
HUNT Class Destroyers.
(For details of naval activities
before and during NEPTUNE See
LANDINGS IN NORMANDY. June 1944 (HMSO) and
OPERATION NEPTUNE by K Edwards.)
May Took part in bombardment exercises in Cape Wrath area.
from Belfast to Channel with ships of Force C.
postponed for 24 hours.
through Swept Channel to OMAHA Beach head with Convoy O1
covering fire during landings on OMAHA Beaches with ships
of Force C,
off beaches to provide naval support gunfire as required.
(Note: Replenished ammunition and
supplies during Build-Up Phase and
for naval bombardment of defences of Cherbourg and took
passage to Portland to join Task Force 129.
21st At Portland for briefing. See references
Joined Bombardment Group No 1 with
HMS ENTERPRISE, US cruisers
TUSCALOOSA, QUINCY and NEVADA.
(Note: British 9th Minesweeping
Flotilla and US 159th Minesweeping
part of Group 1 with screen of six US Navy destroyers.
from Portland with Task Force.
out preliminary bombardment with ships of Group 1 from position
yards NW of Cherbourg
(For details see LANDINGS IN
On completion of preliminary
bombardment took passage with ships of
Group 1 to Fire Support Area No.3 for
close range joint bombardment of
with Groups 1 and 2 after mine clearance..
Under heavy shore fire before minesweep completed and carried out
to north of Fire Support Area.
Sustained damage by
two direct hits and one near miss.
(Note: Structural damage in hangar
area and aft with damage
cabling and fire control equipment. See reference)
30th Withdrawn from Western Task Force.
July Withdrawn from operational service and took
passage to Tyne
Called at Belfast during passage for refit in
Paid-off and taken in hand for refit
and repair to action damage.
August Under refit and repair
Modern radar were fitted together with an Aircraft Homing
December Beacon (Outfit YE). Type 281B with
single aerial replaced
Air Warning Type
281 which required use of both masts.
Type 293 replaced Surface Warning
Type 273. Type 274
radar replaced Type 284 for main armament.
“X” Turret removed.
1 9 4 5
January Refit and repair in
June Re-commissioned for service and post refit
July Prepared for foreign
service with East Indies Fleet
operational war service in Mediterranean.
22nd Sailed to join Fleet in East Indies with HM Cruiser JAMAICA.
Attack on the 18th Cruiser Squadron on 9th April 1940 and
Damage sustained by H.M.S. GLASGOW
COMMANDING OFFICER, H.M.S. GLASGOW
APRIL 1940 No.
To: THE VICE
ADMIRAL COMMANDING, EIGHTEEN CRUISER SQUADRON
The following report is submitted,
departmental reports are being forwarded as enclosures.
2. Weather Conditions
blue sky with strong sun, cumulus cloud varying in density from 1/10 –
NE force 5
3. Method of Attack
Between approximately 1430 and 1500, a number of dive bombing attacks were made by individual aircraft. At 1445, one such attack on H.M.S.
GLASGOW delivered from the starboard quarter resulted in two very near misses
port side. Gunfire was impeded by
the fine angle of approach but the aircraft was engaged by
close range weapons. Ship's course 340 degrees – speed 17 knots.
4. Two bombs of
250 – 500 lbs. Weight were released at a height of about 1500 feet while
still in the dive. It is
considered probable that they fell about 15 feet from the ship's side, one
bursting on impact abreast 70 station and the other under water further
5. State of ship at 1445
Hands were at Action Stations, all men not required for
fighting the A.A. armament being off the upper deck. All ratings between decks were distributed as far as
possible throughout the ship. The
upward trend of the splinters again being demonstrated the value of men lying
flat on the deck away from the ship's side. Had this not been enforced casualties would have been
hatches, and ventilation were in the action state.
7. Damage sustained
A large proportion of the bomb which burst on impact entered
the ship three feet above the lower deck level, holding an area of
approximately six feet by three feet; in addition further penetration of the
ship's side was caused by scattered splinters of varying size numbering about
sixty. A further effect of the
bomb was blast which blew in four dead lights, one of which coming inboard was
responsible for the death of a rating.
Considerable quantities of water entered with movement of the ship, and
the messdecks between 53 – 74 stations were
about one foot under water.
Certain subsidiary flooding occurred and minor underwater damage further
for'd was experienced, probably as a result of the
8. 'A' turret
was temporarily out of action (see Appendix III).
9. Details of
the damage are given in the Appendices.
10. Action Repairs
A good deal of smoke and debris impeded a rapid examination
of the area affected but at 1500 my Executive Officer was able to report that
there was no considerable flooding and by 1515, it had been ascertained that
the lower deck was intact and that there were only very minor leaks below
it. Power had by this time been
restored to ÒAÓ turret.
11. Until a more
complete inspection of the structural damage could be made and the holes
blocked to get flooding under control, a request was made that speed should not
be increased except in case of emergency.
The obvious damage in frames and plates made it doubtful at this time
whether high speed could be possible even when shored.
12. By 1540, a
complete inspection had been made and shoring was well under way. My signal times 1547 reported that the
ship would be ready for service and high speeds in half an hour's time. Shoring was completed and
all important holes blocked by 1700.
13. Work was
then started in building cofferdams of wood and cement round important hatches
on the lower deck, such as lower steering position, to preserve access to them
should the ship go further down by the bow due to further damage or the
displacement of puddings. These
were completed by 2230.
evening, the ship was steamed at speeds up to 26 knots and the following day 30
knots was maintained for a considerable period.
15. Harbour repairs
On the following day, 10th April, the ship was
ordered to Scapa and plates were prepared on passage to effecting more
16. The ship
anchored at 1905, but subsequently nearly two hours' work
were lost due to an air raid.
midnight, the Base Engineer Officer and Mr. Mackenzie of Metal Industries
estimated that good temporary repairs could be effected
in forty eight hours. Twenty two hours later, the ship proceeded to sea and the
repairs which were done entirely by the ship's staff have stood up to a week of
I regret to report the following casualties
William Sizer, Acting Leading Signalman, P/JX 138361
Arthur Gudger, Stoker 2nd Class, P/KX 97026
Walter Burrows, Ordinary Signalman, P/SSX 23322 (since died)
Robert Nisbet Milligan, Able Seaman, P/JX 132375
George Edwards, Able Seaman, P/JX 144393
Signalman, P/JX 145592
Cowper Pattie, Ordinary Signalman, P/SSX 25072
19. The wounded
were transferred to H.M. Hospital Ship AMARAPOORA on arrival in
Detailed recommendations are included in the Appendices, but
the following are most strongly urged:
(a). At least two tons of rapid hardening
cement or alternatively one ton of Portland cement and one ton of
ciment fondu should be carried in
(b). A supply of tongued and grooved 9" by 3"
deals should be carried for building cofferdams. (These could be made into mess tables to facilitate
(c). All water tight hatches situated on the
lower deck which lead to important compartments below should have higher
coamings where possible level to the deck head.
(d). Second Welding set. It is strongly recommended that a second
single point welding set should be carried.
splinters have been forwarded to the Admiral Commanding, Orkneys and Shetlands,
in accordance with Orkneys and Shetlands General Memorandum No. 249.
22. Copies of
Appendices II and III are being forwarded under separate cover to the Director
of Electrical Engineering, the Director of Naval Construction and the
Captain, H.M.S. VERNON in accordance with C.A.F.O.@s 3376/39 and 2833/39.
Damage Control Organisation
23. The damage
control organisation worked smoothly, and the work of
the repair parties in bringing the ship back to full efficiency so rapidly is
worth of high praise. The direct
credit for this, under my Executive Officer, must go to Lieutenant (E) Horatio
Peter Bowen Evans, Royal Navy, Damage Control Officer, and Mr. Albert Groves,
Warrant Shipwright, Royal Navy.
24. The behaviour of all officers and ratings, both immediately
after the damage occurred and during the subsequent repairs, was
exemplary, and morale was quite unaffected during the subsequent attacks.
25. The energy,
initiative and fine example shown by the following ratings is worthy of special
E.R.A. 2nd Class John Edward Milne, P/M 24939
Stoker Percy John Bowen, P/K 66145
Shipwright 2nd Class Gilbert Henry Robinson, P/M 15163
Class Leslie Price, P/K 95358
26. The whole
of this creditable state of affairs is basically due to the skilled
organisation, cool leadership, and personality of my
Executive Officer, Commander John Wilson Cuthbert, Royal Navy, whole name I
should particularly like to bring to your notice.