1 9 4 2
12th Build completion and commenced
completion of trials and storing took passage to Scapa Flow with ships of Home Fleet.
with 10th Cruiser Squadron for convoy defence and interception on completion
duties in continuation based at Scapa Flow.
for duty as Flagship for Fighting Escort of Russian Convoy PQ 18 during passage
to Kola Inlet. (Operation EV)
details of all Russian Convoy operations see CONVOYS TO RUSSIA by RA Ruegg,
CONVOYS by R. Woodman, CONVOY ! by
Paul Kemp and THE RUSSIAN
8th Joined convoy with Fighting Destroyer
Escort of 14 Fleet Destroyers and H M Escort Carrier
screened by HM Escort Destroyers WHEATLAND and WILTON.
Cover for the passage of this convoy was provided by HM Cruisers
LONDON and SUFFOLK.
11th Detached with HM Destroyers MARNE,
MARTIN, METEOR and MILNE to refuel at Lowe
Spitzbergen and on completion rejoined PQ18.
14th Embarked 209 survivors including wounded
men rescued by HM Minesweepers HARRIER
and SHARPSHOOTER from mercantiles
after their ships had been lost in the air attacks
convoy left Iceland.
16th Detached to join escort for returning
Convoy QP14 with HMS AVENGER and ships of
QP14 included ships with survivors from previous Convoy PQ17 - See above
17th Joined returning convoy QP14..
20th Detached from convoy with HM Cruiser
SCYLLA because of increasing threat of submarine
attack and Flag transferred to HM Destroyer MILNE.
passage to land survivors at Akureri , Iceland escorted by HM Escort
WHEATLAND, HMS WILTON and HM Destroyer FURY.
HM Destroyer SOMALI was torpedoed Just before
departure and sank in tow
three days later).
resounding welcome by ships of Home Fleet on arrival at Scapa Flow
duties in NW Approaches with Squadron.
Visited by Prime Minister and Stafford Cripps at Scapa Flow.
28th Transferred to 12th Cruiser Squadron , Mediterranean.
Admiral A B Cunningham at Plymouth for passage to Gibraltar to take
up appointment as Naval Commander for planned allied
landings in North Africa.
passage escorted by HM Destroyer OPPORTUNE.
2nd Joined escort for Convoy KMF1 with HM
Aircraft Carrier ARGUS, HM Escort
Carrier AVENGER and HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD for passage to Gibraltar,
(See ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by C Barnett and Naval Staff
6th HM Cruiser CHARYBDIS joined escort for
8th Joined Eastern
Task Force at Gibraltar with HMS
HMS AVENGER, HM
Monitor ROBERTS and HM Cruisers
CHARYBDIS and SHEFFIELD.
with Eastern Task Force to provided cover for landings in British Assault
10th Rescued survivors from HM Sloop IBIS.
13th Embarked stores and bullion at Gibraltar for passage to Algiers.
14th Arrived at Algiers
15th Supplemented AA defence at Algiers and later assisted in tow of
had grounded outside port.
1st Joined H M Cruisers AURORA, ARGONAUT,
CHARYBDIS and SIRIUS in Force Q
at Bone for defence of coastal military convoys and attacks on
enemy supply convoys.
25th At Algiers.
28th Passage to UK with
escort of Convoy MKS4.
31st Detached from convoy to search for
German blockade runner located by aircraft of 10
Squadron RAF off Finisterre.
1 9 4 3
1st Intercepted and sank with
torpedoes ss RHAKOTIS on passage from Japan to French
port. Rescued of survivors prevented by
threat of attacks by U-Boats.
Taken in hand for refit in Tyne shipyard.
February Under refit in Tyne shipyard. This included modifications
for Arctic service.
15th Passage to Iceland with HM
Escort Carrier DASHER.
21st Reinforced escort for Russian Convoy
JW53 with HM Destroyers ECLIPSE,
IMPULSIVE, FURY, INTREPID and Polish destroyer ORP ORKAN.
27th Detached from JW53.
1st Joined escort for returning convoy
RA53 at Kola Inlet.
10th Detached from RA53
and resumed Squadron duties in Home Fleet.
during visit to Home Fleet by HM King George VI.
Embarked His Majesty for return to Scrabster
on the mainland.
April Squadron duties in NW Approaches in
crews from 3 SWORDFISH aircraft from HM Aircraft Carrier FURIOUS
which had crashed during exercise in foggy weather.
11th Escorted rms
QUEEN MARY taking Prime Minister to TRIDENT conference in Quebec.
13th Relieved by HM Cruiser BERMUDA
31st Covered HM Cruisers BERMUDA and CUMBERLAND during operation to relieve
garrison on Spitsbergen ( Operation GEARBOX I).
for duty in English Channel based at Plymouth for convoy defence and
of operations against enemy coastal convoys.
14th Returned to Scapa Flow after GEARBOX I and took
passage to Plymouth.
20th Covered anti-submarine operations by
ships of 2nd Escort Group in Bay of Biscay
with HM Cruisers CHARYBDIS and ROYALIST.
SEASLUG and MUSKETRY - See CONFLICT OVER THE BAY by
cover of UK-Freetown convoys and cover for Interception of enemy coastal
convoys under attack by Glider Bombs.
NARVIK Class German destroyers but abandoned chase after order from the
because of threat of further Glider Bomb attacks.
to Mediterranean with H M Cruiser CHARYBDIS
to replace H M Cruisers
CLEOPATRA and NEWFOUNDLAND which had
On arrival, deployed on convoy defence based at Gibraltar.
for support of planned allied landings at Salerno (Operation AVALANCHE)
passage to Malta to join Support Carrier
Other ships in TF88 were:
Cruisers EURYALUS and CHARYBDIS for defence of HM Light Fleet
UNICORN, HM Escort Carriers BATTLER, HUNTER, ATTACKER
HM Escort Destroyers CLEVELAND, HAYDON, HOLCOMBE,
LIDDESDALE, FARNDALE, CALPE and Polish
SLAZAK and ORP KRAKOWIAK.)
Took part in preparatory exercises with Force V in TF88.
8th Sailed from Malta for Salerno with ships of Force V
13th Detached to embark
troops at Tripoli for
passage to Salerno as
14th Joined HM Cruisers CHARYBDIS and
EURYALUS in Tripoli.
return speed had to be reduced due to machinery vibration caused by the air
attack by Glider Bomb in Bay of Biscay (See above).
During passage with HMS CHARYBDIS through Straits of Messina -
with the mythological association of their birthplace !)
HM Cruisers EURYALUS and DELHI in escort for the damaged
HMS WARSPITE to supplement AA
defence during passage under tow to Malta.
ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY and Naval Staff History).
21st Turbines inspected in Malta
from operational service and took passage to UK for repair of turbine beds.
Called at Devonport prior to being taken in hand at HM Dockyard
November Under repair and conversion for
use as Escort Carrier Squadron Flagship.
1 9 4 4
to Carried out Post refit trials
1st Re-commissioned for service with 10th
Cruiser Squadron in Home Fleet.
6th Worked-up for operational service in
NW Approaches based at Scapa Flow.
On completion Joined 10th Cruiser Squadron, Home Fleet at Scapa Flow.
for duty as Flagship of Eastern Naval Task Force during allied landings
in Normandy (Operation NEPTUNE).
Rear Admiral Sir Philip Vian, KCB, DSO, RN who had
been in command
of HM Destroyer COSSACK in 1940 during the rescue
British seamen held
in the tanker ALTMARK).
target in Bombardment Plan - Ouistreham.
details of naval activities before and during the Normandy invasion see
NEPTUNE by K Edwards and LANDINGS IN
NORMANDY June 1944
part in preparatory exercises with Home Fleet ships.
Passage to Solent to join
assembly of invasion fleet.
5th Sailed from Solent to Beach
6th Bombarded Ouistreham
area and on completion closed SWORD beachhead and provided
gunfire support prior to touch down.
night defence measures against surface attack from SWORD area.
7th Deployed in
co-ordinating and night defence control role off SWORD Beach.
8th Escorted Motor Torpedo Boats of 14th
Flotilla for minelay in Bay de la Seine as
part of Operation MAPLE (Operation KN26).
11th Repositioned MTB's scattered by enemy surface
force during minelay off Cap d' Antifer
to allow another minelaying operation to proceed (Operation
23rd Detonated mine in six fathoms of water
Sustained major damage to starboard keel structure adjacent to
disabled without electric power.
24th Flag transferred to HM Landing Ship (HQ)
25th Control of night defences transferred to
HM Frigate RETALICK.
Took passage to Spithead under tow.
to Chatham under tow.
survey damage found to be uneconomic for total repair and given no priority.
Completion of conversion for use as Escort Carrier Flagship
in British Pacific Fleet not
off into Dockyard Control at Chatham
September Non operational.
1 9 4 5
at Chatham under Dockyard Control.