Naval History Homepage and Site Search


World War 1 at Sea



from the London Gazette in edition order

Links to main World War 1 pages:
- Military & Naval Chronology
- Naval Operations - Merchant Navy
- Royal Navy and Army Despatches
- RN Honours and Gallantry Awards
- Royal & Dominion Navy Casualties
- Warships & Auxiliaries of the RN
- Guide to British Warship Locations
- Campaigns, Battles & Actions

DFC and DFM (with George VI) of the RAF. From 1918-19 the ribbon stripes were horizontal. Equivalent to the Navy's DSC and DSM respectively

back to Medals Main Index
or  to World War 1, 1914-1918


 including Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC), and Distinguished Flying Medal (DFM)


30913 - 20 SEPTEMBER 1918


Air Ministry

(includes ex-RNAS and Sea Patrol  - only officers and ranks with previous naval awards or specifically identified as ex-RNAS are included in the main  naval medal database)


..... confer the undermentioned rewards on Officers and other ranks of the Royal Air  Force, in recognition of gallantry in flying operations against the enemy:


Awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross,

Lieut, (temp. Capt.) Sydney Anderson (Sea Patrol). In an engagement between three of our machines and seven of the enemy this officer displayed remarkable courage and determination. Wounded early in the fight and suffering great pain, he continued the action, and drove down one hostile aircraft, causing it to make a very bad landing.


Capt. Arthur Thomas Barker (Sea Patrol). Has led flights of seaplanes on long-distance reconnaissances, attacking hostile aircraft wherever found. He has set a fine example in gallantry and determination to all serving with him. 


Capt. Eric Bourne Coulter Betts, D.S.C. (Sea Patrol). An observer officer of great skill who has carried out over 20 long-distance photographic reconnaissances during the past four months, and in conjunction with his pilot, has brought home about 1,000 photographs of enemy positions of inestimable value, in addition to destroying eight enemy machines. 


Lieut. Colin Peter Brown (Sea Patrol). Was engaged in a bombing raid on an enemy seaplane base by night, and dropped his bombs from a height of 500 feet, causing considerable destruction. Shortly afterwards he bombed an enemy aerodrome in daylight, also from a. height of 500 feet, and then descended to 300 feet and destroyed an enemy machine. On arriving at his aerodrome fifty-nine bullet-holes were found in his machine. He has since then destroyed two enemy aeroplanes. Lieutenant Brown has been engaged in several other aerial fights, and has proved himself a gallant and resourceful flight leader. 


Lieut. (T./Capt.) John Foster Chisholm, D.S.C. (Sea Patrol). A gallant and successful Flight Commander. He has led his formation in twenty-five raids in a period of thirty days, generally to a distance of 25 miles over the lines. On a recent occasion he encountered seven enemy aircraft whilst he was engaged in bombing a particularly dangerous enemy position. He destroyed one enemy machine, and his formation accounted for three more. All our machines returned safely.


Lieut. Leonard Arthur Christian (late R.N.A.S.). Since joining his squadron this officer has taken part in forty-seven bomb raids, displaying at all times keenness and determination, and rendering his pilot most valuable support. He has accounted for four enemy aeroplanes, destroying two, and driving down two out of control.


Lieut. Henry Edward Clark (Sea Patrol). An officer of exceptional skill and determination as observer and bomb-dropper. He has been engaged on thirty raids, and recently obtained direct hits on a great enemy war factory which caused immense explosions and fire therein.


2nd Lieut. George Brenton Coward (Sea Patrol). A very efficient pilot and able leader who has done most valuable service, displaying at all times the greatest courage and devotion to duty. When attacking lockgates and shipping in an enemy port he sunk a hostile destroyer, obtaining a direct hit on its stern.


Capt. Bernard Charles Henry Cross (Sea Patrol). Has set a splendid example to young pilots by his gallantry in going up in any weather when the necessity so demands. Captain Cross has carried out a vast number of reconnaissance patrols in hostile waters, and has attacked submarines on many occasions.


Lieut. Samuel Dawson (Sea Patrol). Was engaged in a long-distance bombing raid on an enemy aircraft station under very difficult circumstances, and, carried out a successful attack from a low height in the face of severe enemy fire.


Lieut. (Hon. Capt.) Hippolyte Ferdinand Delarue (Sea Patrol). This officer, in a Short seaplane, accompanied by another, formed escort to machines carrying out a long-distance bombing raid. When nearing the objective both machines were attacked by a fast enemy scout, and the companion plane was forced to alight. Captain Delarue at once followed it down, picked up pilot and observer, and returned with the two additional passengers. A brave and meritorious action, for the risk he ran was great in such close proximity to the enemy, it being extremely doubtful if his machine would rise from the water with four on board.


Lieut. (Hon. Capt.) Euan Dickson, D.S.C. (late R.N.A.S.). Since 17th April, 1918, this officer has led eighty-four successful bombing raids. His leadership has been conspicuous for remarkable bravery, skill, and determination. On one raid directed, against a town in occupation by the enemy he obtained seven direct hits on the railway station and four on a dump outside. Thrice on a prior date he led his flight to attack enemy billets and horse lines, descending to low altitudes and engaging enemy troops on the ground.


Capt. Grahame Donald (Sea Patrol). An exceedingly keen and capable Pilot, who has proved himself subsequently to be a skilful Flight Commander. Has carried out valuable escort and reconnaissance patrols, and has brought down at least two enemy aircraft.


Capt. Albert James Enstone, D.S.C. (Sea Patrol). Has been engaged for eighteen months on active service flying ten months as Flight Leader. Has destroyed twelve hostile machines and brought down six more out of control. During the past month Capt. Enstone attacked an enemy gun, which was firing on one of our crashed machines, and succeeded in blowing up the ammunition dump alongside the gun, causing a great explosion, with flames reaching to a height of  nearly 300 feet.


Capt. Stanley John Fetherston (Sea Patrol). Has been continuously employed on long reconnaissances for fourteen months, during which period he has been in action many times with hostile aircraft. Capt. Fetherston has always performed his arduous duties with courage and determination. He assisted a few months back in destroying an enemy submarine. 


Capt. John Osborn Galpin, D.S.C. (Sea Patrol). A skilful and gallant pilot, who has performed valuable services in attacks on enemy aircraft.


Capt. James Lindsay Gordon (Sea Patrol). A pilot of great experience, initiative and skill. Has led formations over the seas and attacked with success enemy aircraft in their own area. Capt. Gordon has been instrumental in saving life in disabled seaplanes on several occasions, and whenever any arduous duty has to be done, he is always to the fore to carry it out.


Lieut. (Hon. Capt.) Edwin Tufnell Hayne, D.S.C. (late R.N.A.S.). During the recent enemy offensive this officer carried out forty-eight special missions. Flying at extremely low altitudes he has inflicted heavy casualties on massed troops and transport. In addition he has accounted for ten enemy machines, destroying three and driving down seven out of control; in these encounters he has never hesitated to engage the enemy, however superior in numbers. On one occasion he observed ten hostile aeroplanes harassing three Dolphines; he attacked three of the enemy, driving one down in flames. 


Capt. (T. /Major) Thomas Hinshelwood (Sea Patrol). A most efficient squadron commander. With great ability and judgement he has led  his squadron on photographic and long distance bombing raids, obtaining valuable information. The high standard of efficiency attained by his squadron is largely due to his personal influence. 


Lieut. (Hon. Capt.) William Douglas Jackson (Sea Patrol). Led his flight in a long-distance bombing raid on an enemy aircraft station under very difficult circumstances, and carried out a successful attack from a low height, in the face of severe enemy fire.


Lieut. John Kingsley Jeakes (Sea Patrol). A gallant officer who has taken part in numerous long-distance reconnaissance and bombing raids. While on one of the latter he destroyed an enemy seaplane on the water, obtaining two direct hits. 


Lieut. (Hon. Capt.) William Lancelot Jordan, D.S.C. (late R.N.A.S.). A brilliant and most gallant leader who has already been awarded the D.S.C. and Bar for distinguished services and devotion to duty. He has led numerous offensive patrols into action, displaying at all times marked ability, determination and dash. He is an ideal Squadron Commander who has personally accounted for twenty-five enemy machines.


Lieut. Solomon Clifford Joseph (Sea Patrol). A gallant pilot who has accounted for eight enemy aircraft within the past four months. On many occasions the enemy were numerically superior to Lieutenant Joseph's patrol, but this did not prevent his attaining success.


Lieut. (T./Capt.) Noel Keeble, D.S.C. (Sea Patrol). This officer (with an observer) has obtained 1,000 invaluable photographs of enemy positions miles behind the lines, and has brought home extremely important new information during this period. He has destroyed eight enemy machines, including one biplane during the past month. Captain Keeble is a most capable and gallant Flight Commander.


Capt. (T./Maj.) Gerald Edward Livock (Sea Patrol). Has rendered valuable services on numerous occasions on reconnaissance patrols in enemy waters, in attacks on hostile seaplanes, and in connection with anti-submarine patrol work.


Lieut. (Hon. Capt.) Harold Thomas Mellings, D.S.C. (Sea Patrol). A very gallant officer who, on a recent patrol, attacked and caused to crash an enemy two-seater. Later, on the same patrol, he was attacked by four Fokkers, one of which he shot down at a range of ten yards; this machine was seen to crash. A second was driven down smoking. Since he was awarded a Bar to the Distinguished Service Cross Captain Mellings has, in addition to the above, accounted for eleven enemy machines - seven destroyed, and four driven down out of control.


Lieut. (Hon. Capt.) Robert Redfern (Sea Patrol). A zealous and very able observer who has carried out extremely valuable photographic reconnaissances on enemy country and bases. He has also taken part in many long-distance bombing raids on important enemy towns.


Lieut. Richard George Shaw (Sea Patrol). In company with another machine he recently attacked seven enemy seaplanes and destroyed one of them. Lieut. Shaw has shown exceptional ability as a flight leader. He has carried out successfully 21 bombing raids, 51 anti-submarine patrols, and has descended to very low altitudes to attack hostile submarines, destroyers and trawlers, scoring at least two direct hits. This officer displays great determination and keenness in his work.


Lieut. Harold Waller St. John (Sea Patrol). An intrepid and skilful observer who has rendered most efficient service on reconnaissance and long-distance bombing raids. He bombed .and destroyed an enemy flying boat on one raid, and on another occasion sunk a torpedo boat.


Lieut. (T./Capt.) Theodore Quintus Studd (Sea Patrol). As pilot he has been engaged in more than 60 successful bombing raids many miles behind the enemy's lines. Captain Studd is a most skilful pilot who can always be relied upon to carry out any task that he may be called upon to perform, no matter what adverse conditions may prevail.


Lieut. (T./Capt.) Leslie Reginald Warren (late R.N.A.S.). This officer has taken part in forty-six successful raids, fourteen of which he has led. In these operations his formation has only suffered one casualty. This remarkable immunity has been in the main due to his brilliant and skilful leadership; he combines keenness and determination with sound, clear judgment. In addition to raids, he has taken many area photographs, and carried out five long-distance reconnaissances, rendering valuable reports.


Lieut. (T./Capt.) Eric John Webster (Sea Patrol). Has carried out several long-distance reconnaissances and engaged enemy aircraft who were in superior numbers on many occasions. A few months ago he was engaged in a fight, and on the return journey home he had three forced landings. When he reached his base one engine had practically stopped.


Lieut. Norman Edmundson Williams (Sea Patrol). Was engaged in a long-distance bombing raid on an enemy aircraft station under very difficult circumstances, and carried out a successful attack from a low height in the face of severe enemy fire.


Lieut. Walter Albert Yeulett (Sea Patrol). Was engaged in a long-distance bombing raid on an enemy aircraft station, under very difficult circumstances, and carried out a successful attack from a low height in the face of severe enemy fire.


Captain John William Boldero Grigson.

Lieut. Oswald Robert Gayford (Observer) (Sea Patrol).

These two officers have flown together for a period of twelve months, during which time they participated in a number of bombing raids, carried out a large number of valuable reconnaissance patrols and escort flights in all weathers, by day and night, during the performance of which duties they have brought down hostile aircraft on several occasions. No task is too difficult for these officers.


Capt. (T./Maj.) Egbert Cadbury, D.S.C. (Pilot).

Lieut. (T./Capt.) Robert Leckie, D.S.O., D.S.C. (Observer).

Lieut. Ralph Edmund Keys (Pilot) (Sea Patrol).

These officers attacked and destroyed a large enemy airship which recently attempted a raid on the North-East Coast, and also succeeded in damaging a second airship. The services rendered on this occasion were of the greatest value, and the personal risk was very considerable for aeroplanes a long way out from land. 

Awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal.

No. 206181 Serjt. Mech. Thomas Caird, D.S.M. (Edinburgh). Has assisted to destroy hostile aircraft on several occasions, and has been frequently in action. Sergt. Caird has been twice shot down in flights a long distance away from his base, and always performs his duties with gallantry and zeal.


No. 224573 Serjt. Mech. William George Chapman, D.S.M. (Streatham, S.W.). Has been a member of a seaplane crew on practically every long-distance patrol. He has taken part with zeal, gallantry, and coolness in numerous engagements with hostile aircraft.






31170 - 7 FEBRUARY 1919


Air Ministry 

(Sea Patrol actions only)


..... confer the undermentioned Rewards on Officers and other ranks of the Royal Air Force in recognition of gallantry in flying operations against the enemy:


Awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

2nd Lt. Robin Howard Haworth-Booth. (Sea Patrol, AEGEAN) For gallantry and skill during a raid on Constantinople on 25th October, 1918, in which he decoyed two enemy fighters into such a position that they were eventually shot down by his observer. This officer ran considerable risks in the methods he adopted, but the success attained justified his courageous, action and pertinacity.


2nd Lieut. Anthony Jacques Mantle. (Sea Patrol, AEGEAN). On 25th October, 1918, he led his flight for 2 1/2 hours in a successful raid on Constantinople. His formation was attacked by hostile scouts on the journey, but by clever airmanship he succeeded in destroying two enemy machines without incurring loss to his flight. 2nd Lieut. Mantle rendered valuable services previously in the Adriatic, for which he was mentioned in despatches in the London Gazette of 1st January, 1919.


Lieut. Louis Henry Pakenham-Walsh. (Sea Patrol, MEDITERRANEAN) As an Observer officer he rendered valuable services in obtaining photographs of the enemy's position at Beirut, and also as a "Spotter" for the French cruiser "Requin” off the Palestine coast, near the Wadi Hesy. During the performance of these duties he was regularly exposed to hostile anti-aircraft fire and very frequently to attacks from the enemy's fast aeroplanes. Lieutenant Pakenham-Walsh subsequently rendered gallant service in the attack on the "Goeben" on 28th January, 1918, in the Dardanelles.


Capt. George Hancock Reid. (Sea Patrol, NORTH SEA). As pilot of a Short seaplane he was engaged on a raid on Zeppelin sheds in Schleswig-Holstein on 25th March, 1916, in. which he displayed great courage, ability and resource under the most trying circumstances, which included prolonged flying in a snowstorm and immersion for over three hours in the sea.

Awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal.

201343 Mas.-Mech. Richard Mullins (Shepherd's Bush). (Sea Patrol, NORTH SEA) As observer in a Short seaplane during a raid on Zeppelin sheds in Schleswig Holstein on 25th March, 1916, he rendered valuable services, displaying marked courage, initiative and resource in this hazardous undertaking.

back to Medals Main Index

or  World War 1, 1914-1918


revised 08/08/14