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1 9 3 9
9th Attended Review
of Reserve Fleet at Weymouth .
complement joined and remained in commission.
Station allocated for Atlantic patrol with 4th Cruiser Squadron.
storing and took passage to join Squadron.
6th Joined Squadron at Portsmouth
9th Sailed for Scapa Flow
18th Carried out patrol in NW Approaches to
intercept enemy shipping on passage to
ports in Germany .
2nd After two patrols transferred to America and West Indies Squadron.
Took passage to Plymouth .
(For details of blockade operations
see THE BLOCKADERS by C Hampshire).
gold bullion for transfer to
Canada to pay for war materials obtained in
USA . Sailed with HM Cruiser EMERALD
escorted by HM Battleship REVENGE
and HM Cruiser CARADOC.
Halifax transferred to Halifax Escort Force.
23rd Deployed on patrol off eastern Canada .
November Deployed as Ocean Escort for
Halifax as escort for Atlantic convoy.
Portland to resume Atlantic convoy defence.
Portland to join convoy.
Halifax for convoy escort duty.
29th Arrived at Portsmouth after detaching from convoy.
1 9 4 0
Portsmouth to join Atlantic convoy.
Halifax transferred to West Indies Station for trade protection.
14th Passage to
(Note: See entry for 27th February)
arrival prepared for return to
Portsmouth for refit.
27th During passage to
German freighter KONSUL HORN but
could not board
because of weather.
Mercantile avoided capture and arrived safely in
One source records this interception during January off
Aruba and that
blockade runner, purporting
to be a Soviet mercantile was not detained.)
in hand for refit by HM Dockyard, Portsmouth .
April Under refit
Nominated for duty
with Home Fleet on completion.
out post refit trials and took passage to
Scapa Flow .
14th Deployed with Home Fleet in support of operations in Norway (Operation
19th Came under unsuccessful attack by U65 off
(Note: This was due to torpedo
failure. See HITLER’S U-BOAT WAR Vol 1.)
HM Cruiser EFFINGHAM on patrol off Harstad.
24th Bombarded enemy positions at Narvik with
H M Battleship WARSPITE, HM
Cruiser AURORA and HM Cruiser EFFINGHAM.
in support of military operations in continuation.
survivors from Polish destroyer ORP GROM sunk in air attacks.
with HM Cruiser
CAIRO , HM Destroyer HESPERUS and HM Sloop
Guards to Mo to hold the southern approaches to
Scots Guards for passage to
Passage to Bodo with HM Destroyer HESPERUS, HM Sloop FLEETWOOD
and ss MARGOT.
sustained air attacks.
13th Provided gunfire support to French Foreign Legion landings at
29th Withdrawn from operational service.
members of Norwegian Government and 20 tone of gold before passage
to Devonport for repair
(For details of the disastrous naval
Norway see NARVIK by Donald
CARRIER GLORIOUS by
John. THE DOOMED EXPEDITION by J
Adams and Naval Staff History
passengers and gold before being taken in hand for repair by HM
June Under repair.
Nominated for duty
Gibraltar with newly formed Force H.
work completed. Joined Force H on formation at Plymouth .
29th Sailed from
Plymouth to join HM
Battleships HOOD, VALIANT, RESOLUTION,
HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL, HM Cruiser
ARETHUSA and ships of the 8th
Destroyer Flotilla at Gibraltar .
July Arrived at
Gibraltar and deployed with Force
H to attempt negotiation with the
French Admiral at Mers-el-Kebir for satisfactory disposal of French warships.
CATAPULT - for details see THE DEADLY STROKE by W. Tute
passage of HMS ARK ROYAL for air attacks on Cagliari with HMS
HOOD, HMS VALIANT, HMS RESOLUTION, HM Cruisers
ARETHUSA screened by destroyers
high level air attacks.
with Force H to provide cover passage of convoys threatened by attack
Italian warship in
with screen of four destroyers to cover air strikes by HMS ARK ROYAL
Bordeaux and on enemy
(Note: This operation was cancelled
because of weather conditions.)
to Gibraltar .
HMS HOOD, HM Destroyers FAULKNOR, FORESTER, FORESIGHT and
FOXHOUND as Group 1 of Force H to
provide cover for aircraft delivery to
by HMS ARGUS
(Operation HURRY) and diversionary attacks by aircraft from
HMS ARK ROYAL (Operation CRUSH).
For details of naval operations in
the Mediterranean between 1940 and 1942 see
THE BATTLE FOR THE
MEDITERRANEAN by D Macintyre, ENGAGE THE
ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by C
Barnett and Naval Staff History (HMSO).
August Transferred to West Africa Command as part of the
re-organisation of Force H.
28th Sailed for Capetown with call at Freetown .
September On arrival at Simonstown
became Flagship of South American Division.
Deployed for trade
defence and interception duty in
South Atlantic .
(Note: German commerce
raiders were active in
South Atlantic .)
October Trade defence and interception in continuation.
Buenos Aires .
November Convoy defence and interception duty in continuation.
HM Cruisers NEWCASTLE and
CUMBERLAND in an
for the German raider
THOR (Raider E - SCHIFF
10) after she had attacked and
damaged HM Armed Merchant
CASTLE south east of
Rio on 5th December.
out search for German battleship ADMIRAL SCHEER between
Plate Estuary with
the same ships.
1 9 4 1
January Deployed in
South Atlantic and
Indian Ocean for trade defence and
SHROPSHIRE as Ocean Escort for military convoy WS5A
Indian Ocean .
(Note: This convoy from
UK was taking troops to
Middle East .)
February Transferred to
East Indies Squadron.
from WS5Aand took passage to join escort for troop convoy on
passage from Australia to Aden .
from convoy at
Aden and joined HM Aircraft Carrier HERMES, HM
Cruisers AUSTRALIA (RAN)),
as a Hunting
Group. Searched for German battleship ADMIRAL
SCHEER in Indian Ocean .
search abandoned detached from Group and joined military convoy WS5BX
Mombasa as Ocean
Escort during passage to
(Note: This convoy was part of Convoy
WS5B and included ships destined for
Middle East and
Singapore were designated WS5BX.
The convoy comprised EMPRESS OF
AUSTRALIA, EMPRESS OF JAPAN,
ORMONDE and WINDSOR
Cruiser CAPETOWN joined for Ocean Escort.
Bombay with WS5BX.
4th Cruiser Squadron,
East Indies .
Bombay as escort
for rms AQUITANIA and rms
JAPAN during passage to
DURBAN joined escort.
from convoy and took passage to rejoin Squadron.
transit of military convoy to Basra for occupation of Iraq .
Basra with HM Aircraft Carrier HERMES and HM Cruisers
LEANDER and EMERALD to support
landings of allied troops after pro-German
revolt in Iraq .
May Remained in
Persian Gulf in support of military
June Resumed trade defence and interception duties
in Indian Ocean .
July Indian Ocean deployment in continuation.
September Deployed with HM Cruisers MAURITIUS
and HAWKINS for the interception of a
Vichy French convoy on
Indian Ocean to Madagascar from Indo
China . (Operation SNIP -
See WAR WITH
12th Search for Vichy French convoy unsuccessful.
(Note: This was possibly due to
diversion of RAF aircraft. See Reference.)
Indian Ocean trade defence duty in continuation.
During this period the two 6in gun mountings fitted amidships on either
were replaced by two quadruple 2pdr Pom-pom mountings for
air attack at close range.)
outbreak of war with
Japan deployed for escort of military convoys in Bay of
Rangoon and Singapore .
(Note: For details of Fleet
dispositions see WAR WITH Japan (HMSO)
1 9 4 2
January Part of escort for military convoy EM10 during
February Embarked Royal Marines (VIPER Force) at
Colombo for passage
the defence of
Burma against Japanese advance.
Rangoon and resumed convoy defence role after landing marines.
March Deployed in
Indian Ocean .
US cruiser USS
PHOENIX as escort for Convoy MS5 in
Celebes Sea .
to Force A of Eastern Fleet with HM Battleship WARSPITE, HM
Carriers INDOMITABLE, FORMIDABLE, HM Cruisers,
DORSETSHIRE and EMERALD.
Took part in unsuccessful search for Japanese
warships reported to be
(For details see ENGAGE THE ENEMY
MORE CLOSELY, OPERATION PACIFIC
E Gray and WAR WITH JAPAN (HMSO).)
out further search for Japanese ships which were not intercepted,
1,122 survivors from HMS DORSETSHIRE in
Indian Ocean with HM
Destroyers PALADIN and
Landed survivors at
Bombay after refuelling at Addu
Indian Ocean on interception and trade defence duties.
military convoy WS18 with HMS EMERALD for Ocean Escort during
passage in Indian Ocean as reliefs
for HM Battleship RESOLUTION and H M
Seaplane Carrier ALBATROSS.
with WS18 as escort for Bombay Section when Aden Section detached.
from WS18 on arrival at
Bombay and resumed Squadron duties.
July Escorted Troopship MONARCH OF BERMUDA during
Kilindini. (Note: This mercantile had been part
of military convoy WS19 and was
on return passage to
UK after troops disembarked in
military convoy WS19P to relieve Dutch cruiser HEEMSKERCK as Ocean
Indian Ocean .
Bombay section (designated Convoy WS19PB as Ocean Escort.
23rd Detached from WS19PB on arrival at Bombay and resumed Squadron duties.
August Indian Ocean deployment in continuation.
Passage to join military convoy WS
Durban with HM Destroyer DUNCAN and HM Corvette
CYCLAMEN for Ocean
Escort during initial phase of passage to Persian Gulf .
(Note: HM Armed Merchant Cruiser was
already with convoy)
from WS21PG with HMS DUNCAN during passage and resumed
Squadron duties for trade
September Indian Ocean deployment in continuation.
military convoy WS21B as relief for HM Cruiser HAWKINS as Ocean
19th Detached on arrival of remaining mercantiles
from WS21B at
(Note: Two of the five ships in WS21B
detached during passage for
Took passage to Bombay .
27th Nominated for return to UK via
Cape of Good Hope .
October Refuelled at
Aden and took passage to Kilindini.
passage took part in search by HM Cruisers MAURITIUS and HAWKINS
for a Japanese mercantile suspected as
being used as submarine supply ship.
(Note: This operation was terminated
on 30th October)
during passage in
Atlantic to assist HM Cruiser PHOEBE
which had been
beached at Pointe
French Equatorial Africa after being hit by torpedo from
U161. On entry at 16 knots with two paravanes streamed on either beam both
fouled. (Note: One on a lighthouse and the
other on the Mole. This brought the
ship to a
November Deployed off west African
Paid off and taken in hand for refit
at commercial shipyard.
1 9 4 3
January Taken in hand for refit in
February Under refit
to Work carried out included:
October Replacement of the two 6in
mountings on either beam.
Fire control radar Type 284 fitted on
forward Director for forward twin 6” mounting
Fire control radar Type 285 fitted
amidships for AA defence
Fire control radar Type 282 fitted
for Pom-pom weapons
Oerlikon guns added for close range air defence.
Two tripod masts fitted for aircraft
warning radar Type 281.
Surface warning Radar Type 272 fitted
with aerial on foremast structure.
(For details of development and use
of radar see RADAR AT
SEA by D Howse.)
Nominated for service with 4th
Cruiser Squadron, Home Fleet
November Carried out post refit trials and prepared for service.
December Worked-up at
Scapa Flow with Home Fleet.
On completion transferred to Plymouth
Command for interception duties in Biscay
(For details of
naval operations in Channel between 1941 THE NARROW SEA by
27th Deployed with HM Cruiser GLASGOW to join HM Cruiser
interception of German blockade
runner ALSTERUFER (Operation STONEWALL).
Bay of Biscay with HMS GLASGOW against ten destroyers and
torpedo boats on
passage to escort ALSTERUFER.
Engaged at 18,000
Defect in forward gun turret
Sank torpedo boat
(T26) by torpedo.
(Note: During this engagement
destroyers Z27and T25 were also sunk.)
Some survivors rescued by British
ships which later came conventional bombing
and by radio
controlled glider bombs.)
29th Arrived at Plymouth with machinery defects.
Taken in hand for
1 9 4 4
January On completion resumed interception duties in
February Taken in hand for refit by HM Dockyard, Devonport.
Aircraft and catapult landed and four
additional 20mm Oerlikons added.
March Post refit trials.
in SW Approaches for convoy defence and interception duties.
April Nominated for support of allied landings in
. Transferred to 1st
Cruiser Squadron, Home Fleet.
for duty with Bombarding Force A in support of Assault Force U with
(For details of naval operations in
Normandy landings see
OPERATION NEPTUNE by K Edwards and LANDINGS IN NORMANDY , JUNE
Prepared at Portsmouth for support role.
Nominally part of
Bombardment Force A (HM Cruisers HAWKINS, BLACK PRINCE, HM
US battleship USS NEVADA,
US cruisers USS TUSCALOOSA,
USS QUINCY and Netherlands Gunboat SOEMBA).
with Assault Convoy U1A from
Solent to Western Task Force area.
Saint-Martin-de- Varreville batteries and other defence
Beach with ships
of Bombardment Force A.
and took passage to
Portland with Group 1
shore batteries at Querqueville with USS NEVADA, USS
USS QUINCY and HMS
(Note: Preliminary phase at long range
(25,000 yards) had been cancelled and
the ships moved
to 13,000 yards.)
Under heavy fire
from shore but without serious damage.
26th Returned to Portsmouth on completion.
Released from NEPTUNE duties.
July Transferred to RN control.
Normandy in support of British military operations with HMS
RODNEY, HM Monitors EREBUS, ROBERTS, HM Cruisers
ARGONAUT, DRAGON and EMERALD.
(See ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY and LANDINGS IN
naval gunfire support for British attacks near Caen with HMS
18th Continued bombardment of
Home Fleet at
Scapa Flow .
At Rosyth for
replacement of gun-barrels.
September Detached for further bombardment
duties in support of military operations.
bombardment duties off Dutch coast in support of 2nd
Not used operationally.
(Note: Transfer to Royal Canadian
Navy for use as training cruiser considered but
October Withdrawn from
Took Passage to Rosyth to Pay-off and
reduce to Reserve status.
16th Joined Reserve Fleet at Rosyth.
for trooping duties under consideration.
to Reserve Category B.
December In Reserve at Rosyth.
1 9 4 5
January In Reserve
to Refit approved for conversion to suit
March Under refit by HM Dockyard, Chatham
to (Note: Three 6in mountings removed.)
May Carried out post refit trials and prepared
for new duty.
June Trooping deployments:
Bombay 6 - 7/45
Colombo 8 - 9/45
Colombo 10 - 11/45
South Africa 12/45