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  British and Other Navies in World War 2 Day-by-Day
by Don Kindell

NAVAL EVENTS, JULY 1941 (Part 1 of 2)
T
uesday 1st Monday 14th

H Hellenic MS Adrias, escort destroyer (Cyberheritage, click to enlarge)

on to JULY 1941, Part 2

 

Note: all vessels and aircraft are British unless otherwise identified or implied - click for abbreviations

(for more ship information, go to Naval History Homepage and type name in Site Search)

 


Background Events - June-November 1941

Invasion of Russia, Malta Convoys, Japan prepares for war


 

 

1941

 

           

Tuesday, 1 July

 

Light cruiser MANCHESTER arrived at Hvalfjord from denmark Strait patrol.

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Destroyer PUNJABI departed Scapa Flow for Scrabster to take part in the local War Weapons Week at Thurso.

 

The destroyer arrived back at Scapa Flow at 2300.

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Destroyer CROOME arrived at Scapa Flow from Greenock at 1400 to carry out working up exercises.

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Indian sloop JUMNA departed Scapa Flow with convoy EC.39 at 1800 to join the Western Approaches following her working up exercises.

 

The sloop arrived at Greenock at 0100 on the 4th escorting depot ship GREENWICH.

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Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA arrived at Scapa Flow, following refitting at Rosyth, having escorting convoy EC.39 from May Island to Pentland Firth.

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British drifter DEVON COUNTY (86grt, Skipper G.H. Barnard RNR) was sunk by a mine in 51-28-51N, 0-59-14E in the Thames Estuary.

 

There were three ratings killed in the drifter.

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British steamer HOMEFIRE (1262grt) was sunk by German bombing in 53-05-30N, 1-28E. Two crew were lost on the steamer.

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British fishing trawler STRATHGAIRN (211grt) was sunk on a mine about twenty miles southwest of Barra Head.

 

Five of the crew were missing. Six crew were landed at Stornoway.

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British steamers HIGHWOOD (1177grt) and JAMAICA PLANTER (4098grt) were damaged by German bombing at Barry while in drydock. One crewman was killed on steamer HIGHWOOD.

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U.108 sank British steamer TORONTO CITY (2486grt), employed as a meteorological vessel, in 47-03N, 30W.

 

There were no survivors on the steamer.

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German heavy cruiser PRINZ EUGEN was bombed and damaged at Brest.

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Armed boarding vessel MALVERNIAN (Cdr J.W.B. Robertson RNR) was abandoned after being badly damaged by German bombing in 47-37N, 19-07W.

 

T/Lt G.W. Jeffrey RNR, T/Lt (E) A.E. Magraw RNR, T/Lt J.R. Slimin RNR, A/Sub Lt (E) K.J. Trineman RNVR, and twenty ratings were lost in the vessel.

 

T/Sub Lt P. Baddeley RNVR, and T/A/Sub Lt A. England RNVR, were wounded.

 

Of a crew of 164, fifty seven survivors were landed. P/T/Lt K.J. Dudgeon RNR, T/A/Sub Lt (E)C.R. Keats RNVR, A/Major R.W. Madoc, RM, T/Lt T.G. Mitchell RNR, T/Paymaster Sub Lt J.M. Moran RNR, T/Lt A.H. Rogers RNVR, T/A/Sub Lt J.L. Wells RNVR, and others were made prisoners of war.

 

Sloop SCARBOROUGH proceeding to the scene picked up a boatload of survivors, but could not locate the damaged vessel.

 

She was sunk by German aircraft 11/7/1941 in position 47.37N 19.07W and abandoned but remained afloat; sighted drifting on 19/7 and sunk.


The Captain and 31 others made it in boats to Corunna on 21/7.Another boat of 21 survivors arrived at
Vigo on 22/7. Finally, a last boat was picked up by German minesweepers.
_____

 

French destroyers GUEPARD, VALMY, and VAUQUELIN departed Beirut to escort a troopship into Beirut.

 

Steamer ST DIDIER (2778grt) was sunk by British Albacore aircraft in the Gulf of Adalia on the 4th.

 

Steamer CHATEAU YQUEM (2536grt) was recalled in view of steamer ST DIDIER's fate.

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Light cruiser NAIAD and destroyers KANDAHAR, DECOY, and HAVOCK departed Haifa for a night sweep off Syria.

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Corvette HYACINTH ran aground four miles south of Famagusta. She could not be readily refloated and corvette ERICA was damaged in the attempt.

 

On the 3rd, corvette PEONY departed Haifa and tug ST ISSEY departed Alexandria to refloat the grounded corvette.

 

Corvette HYACINTH was unsuccessfully attacked by enemy bombers, without success, during the evening of 4 July.

 

The corvette was refloated on the 5th by corvette PEONY.

 

Corvette PEONY and tug ST ISSEY returned to Alexandria.

 

Corvette HYACINTH proceeded to Alexandria, via Haifa, for repairs, completed on the 15th.

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British trawler VULCAN and motor torpedo boats MTB.68 and MTB.215 were sailed from Famagusta to Haifa.

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Destroyers FAULKNOR, FEARLESS, FORESTER, LANCE, and LEGION departed Gibraltar to meet arriving convoy OG.66 and escort it to Gibraltar.

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Light cruiser HERMIONE departed Gibraltar to patrol in the area of 40N, 15W for enemy raider or supply ships.

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Dutch submarine O.21, escorting convoy HG.66, was recalled and ordered to establish a patrol in the vicinity of 43N, 11W to attack any enemy raiders making for Biscay ports.

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Convoy SC.36 departed Sidney, CB, escorted by corvettes DAUPHIN and NAPANEE and anti-submarine yacht PHILANTE. The corvettes were detached on the 4th. Destroyer CHESTERFIELD joined on the 3rd, corvettes AGASSIZ and WETASKIWIN joined on the 4th, and destroyer CHURCHILL on the 8th. On the 13th, the escort was detached when it was relieved by destroyers SABRE, SCIMITAR, and SHIKARI, sloop SANDWICH, corvettes ARABIS, DIANELLA, HELIOTROPE, KINGCUP, MALLOW, VERBENA, and VIOLET, minesweepers NIGER and SPEEDWELL, and anti aubmarine trawlers NORTHERN GEM and NORTHERN SPRAY. The sloop, minesweepers, and trawlers were detached on the 17th. The remainder of the escort, less corvette ARABIS, were detached on the 18th.With corvette ARABIS, the convoy arrived at Liverpool on the 19th.

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Norwegian whaler POL IX, captured on 14 January 1941 by German raider PINGUIN and renamed ADJUTANT, was scuttled on this date by the German cruiser.

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Soviet destroyer BYSTRY was mined off Sevastapool and beached.

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German steamer DURAZZO (1153grt) at Maracaibo was taken over by Venezuela and renamed PAMPERO.

 

 

Wednesday, 2 July

 

Light cruiser MANCHESTER departed Hvalfjord for Scapa Flow, where she arrived on the 3rd.

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Destroyer ICARUS arrived at Ardrossan at 0600 to effect repairs to her propellers, having taken passage from Iceland in convoy HX.133.

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Destroyers INTREPID, ACTIVE, and ANTELOPE departed Greenock for Loch Ewe to refuel, then escort convoy OB.341A to the westward until relieved by escort vessels from Iceland.

 

Destroyer ACTIVE, with defective machinery, departed Loch Ewe at 2200 on the 3rd for Scapa Flow. She had been withdrawn from the escort duty. The destroyer arrived at Scapa Flow at 0730 on the 4th.

 

Destroyers INTREPID and ANTELOPE escorted the convoy until 0800 on the 7th. They arrived back at Scapa Flow at 0930 on the 8th.

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Anti-aircraft ship ALYNBANK departed Scapa Flow to meet convoy EC.40 off Buchan Ness and provide escort to Pentland Firth.

 

On the 3rd, the ship transferred to convoy WN.48 in Pentland Firth and escorted the convoy to Methil where they arrived at 1500 on the 4th.

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Convoy OB.341 A (there was no OB.342) departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyers ANTELOPE and INTREPID and corvettes HEATHER and MIMOSA. This group, less corvette MIMOSA was detached on the 7th. On the 7th, destroyer OTTAWA and corvettes CANDYTUFT, GLADIOLUS, and NASTURTIUM joined. On the 8th, destroyer RIPLEY and armed merchant cruiser MALOJA joined. The group was detached on the 15th. The convoy arrived at Halifax on the 18th.

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British steamer EMPIRE AUDACITY arrived at Scapa Flow, escorted by sloop STORK.

 

The steamer departed the next day for Campbeltown, escorted by sloop STORK.In September, this steamer would be the auxiliary aircraft carrier AUDACITY.

_____

 

Minelayer PLOVER, escorted by destroyer HAMBLEDON, laid minefield BS 66 off the east coast of England.

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Lt Cdr (A) F.D.G. Jennings, Commanding Officer of 768 Squadron, was killed when his Martlet dived into the sea after an engine failure at Abirlot, near Arbroath.

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Soviet destroyer STRASHNY was badly damaged on a mine in Irben Straits.

 

The rest of the force, destroyers SERDITY and SILNY laid mines in the Irben Straits.

 

On the 8th, German Minenraumschiff 11 and minesweeper M.31 encountered Soviet destroyer SILNY.

 

In a brief encounter, destroyer SILNY was lightly damaged. The German ships were undamaged.

_____

 

Destroyers JACKAL (D.7) and HASTY departed Alexandria for Haifa. On their arrival at Haifa, destroyers KANDAHAR and DECOY departed on the 3rd for Alexandria.

 

Yugoslavian motor torpedo boats KAJMAKCALAN and DURMITOR departed Alexandria for Haifa to operate under the orders of CS.15.

 

Motor launch ML.1032 departed Alexandria for Famagusta.

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Australian light cruiser PERTH and Light cruiser NAIAD with destroyers KANDAHAR, KINGSTON, HAVOCK, and GRIFFIN shelled French positions east of Damur.

 

Australian light cruiser PERTH was attacked in error by British aircraft, but no damage resulted.

 

Destroyers JACKAL and HASTY departed Alexandria for Haifa.

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Submarine URGE unsuccessfully attacked an armed merchant cruiser in 37-48N, 15-21E.

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Submarine TORBAY sank Italian steamer CITTA DI TRIPOLI (2933grt) in 37-41-50N, 24-15-50E.

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During the night of 2/3 July, a bombing raid on Tripoli damaged German steamer SPARTA (1724grt) and Italian steamer ERITREA (2517grt).

 

Eight Swordfish of the 830 Squadron laid mines at the entrance to Tripoli Harbour.

_____

 

anti-submarine whalers GOS 2 and KOS 12 and minesweeping trawler HOLLY departed Gibraltar for Freetown.

 

 

Thursday, 3 July

 

Destroyers INGLEFIELD and ACHATES departed Greenock at 1400 escorting battlecruiser REPULSE to Scapa Flow, where they arrived at 1000 on the 4th.

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British drifter RECEPTIVE (86grt) was sunk on a mine in 51-20-50N, 0-54-35E.

 

T/Lt R.H.A. Remington RNVR, was lost in the drifter.

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Auxiliary ship ROSME (82grt) was sunk on a mine in 51-34-12N, 1-03E.

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Finnish submarine VETEHINEN attacked Soviet steamer VIBORG (4100grt) with gunfire north of Stenskaar.

 

The steamer escaped, but was sunk by the next day by Finnish submarine VESIKKO in 60-08N, 27-32E.

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Light cruisers AJAX (Rawlings) and PHOEBE with destroyers JACKAL and NIZAM departed Alexandria at 0100 on the 3rd arrived off Syria later that day.

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Submarine UPHOLDER sank Italian steamer LAURA COSULICH (5870grt) in 37-55N, 15-44E, east of Calabria.

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Light cruiser PHOEBE, Australian light cruiser PERTH, and destroyers KINGSTON, HOTSPUR, and GRIFFIN swept off the Syrian coast.

 

Italian submarine MALACHITE attacked Light cruiser PHOEBE in 32-25N, 24-40E, without success.

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En route to Tobruk, Australian destroyer STUART sighted a submarine on the surface off Mersa Matruh.

 

Destroyer DEFENDER hunted the submarine without success, while destroyers STUART and VENDETTA continued to Tobruk.

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Submarine OSIRIS arrived at Malta with seventy tons of bulk petrol.

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Submarine UTMOST arrived at Malta from patrol.

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Corvette COREOPSIS and anti-submarine trawlers LADY HOGARTH and LADY SHIRLEY departed Gibraltar to join convoy OG.66. On joining, they relieved destroyers LANCE and LEGION which proceeded to Gibraltar.

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Convoy SL.80 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant cruisers ESPERANCE BAY to 22 July and CANTON to 7 July,destroyer HIGHLANDER to 8 July, corvettes AMARNTHUS and BERGAMOT to 11 July, anti-submarine yacht SURPRISE to 9 July, and anti-submarine trawler CANNA to 11 July.

 

On the 23rd, destroyers BROKE and WOLVERINE to 29 July and VERITY to 26 July after a collision with destroyer BROKE and corvettes HIBISCUS and PERIWINKLE to 29 July, joined the convoy. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on the 29th.

 

 

Friday, 4 July

 

Destroyer ESKIMO departed Scapa Flow for Sheerness and refitting at London.

 

The destroyer arrived at Sheerness at 1800 on the 8th.Her refit was completed in September.

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Minelayer PLOVER, escorted by destroyer HAMBLEDON, laid minefield BS 67, off the east coast of England.

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British trawler AKRANES (T/Lt W.A.C. Harvey RNVR) was sunk by German bombing off Bridlington Bay.

 

There were no casualties on the steamer.

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Convoy OG.67 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers CHELSEA and VERITY, sloop BIDEFORD, corvettes ARBUTUS, BEGONIA, CONVOLVULUS, JASMINE, LARKSPUR, and RHODODENDRON, ocean boarding vessel LADY SOMERS. The ocean boarding vessel was detached that evening. On the 5th, catapult ship PEGASUS and corvette PIMPERNEL joined the escort.

 

On the 9th, the destroyers and corvettes ARBUTUS, BEGONIA, CONVOLVULUS, JASMINE, and PIMPERNEL, and the catapult ship were detached.

 

Corvettes COREOPSIS from Gibraltar and JONQUIL and SPIRAEA from convoy HG.67 joined the escort on the 14th.Corvette SPIRAEA was detached on the 15th to assist ocean boarding vessel LADY SOMERS, which had been torpedoed. The convoy arrived at Gibraltar on the 20th, escorted by sloop BIDEFORD, anti-submarine trawler ARCTIC RANGER, corvettes JONQUIL and COREOPSIS, Dutch submarine O.24, and naval trawlers COPINSAY and ARRAN.

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British steamer BALFRON (362grt) was sunk by German bombing 3 miles 38 from Ravescar. Four crew were missing on the steamer.

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British steamer LUNAN (363grt) was sunk on a mine in 51-26-48N, 3-10-24W.

 

Five crew of a crew of six were lost.

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Motor vessel GOLDFINCH (454grt) was damaged by a mine ten miles 273 from St Bees Head, Solway Firth.

 

The vessel was towed to Whitehaven.

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U.69 sank British steamer ROBERT L. HOLT (2918grt) at 24-15N, 20-00W.

 

Vice Admiral N.A. Wodehouse, Commodore 2nd Class, was lost in the steamer.

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U.123 sank British steamer AUDITOR (5444grt) at 25-33N, 28-23W. One crewman was killed on the steamer.

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British troopship CAMERONIA arrived at Gibraltar from Freetown.

 

Light cruiser HERMIONE from raider hunting and destroyers LANCE and LEGION from convoy OG.66 escort arrived at Gibraltar.

 

Aircraft carrier FURIOUS and troopships SCYTHIA and CAMERONIA departed Gibraltar for the Clyde, escorted by light cruiser HERMIONE and destroyers LANCE, LEGION, WISHART, and FURY.

 

Light cruiser EDINBURGH relieved light cruiser HERMIONE after being detached from convoy WS.9B 3 July. Light cruiser HERMIONE proceeded to patrol duties. Destroyer FAULKNOR was detached from convoy OG.66 on the 5th to join aircraft carrier FURIOUS. Destroyer WISHART departed the escort on the 8th to refuel at Ponta Delgada and then return to Gibraltar. On the 9th, aircraft carrier FURIOUS rendezvoused with battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN and light cruiser EDINBURGH was detached. Light cruisers EDINBURGH and HERMIONE arrived at Gibraltar on the 10th. Destroyers FAULKNOR and FURY arrived back at Gibraltar on the 14th.

 

Aircraft carrier FURIOUS was bombed by three German Focke Wulf aircraft in 36-28N, 10-51W on the 5th, but was not damaged.

 

The aircraft carrier arrived in the Clyde on the 12th with battleship ROYAL SOVEREIGN, steamers SCYTHIA and CAMERONIA, carrying 188 prisoners of war, and destroyers PIORUN, LANCE, and LEGION.

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Submarine SEVERN arrived at Gibraltar from patrol in the Tyrrhenian Sea.

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Submarine URGE arrived at Malta from patrol.

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anti-submarine whaler GOS 3 departed Gibraltar for Freetown.

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Light cruisers NAIAD and AJAX with destroyers JACKAL, NIZAM, KIMBERLEY, and HAVOCK shelled French positions on the Syrian coast.

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Ocean boarding vessel CAVINA intercepted German steamer FRANKFURT (5522grt), which had departed Rio de Janiero on 26 June, in 31-34N, 37-42W.

 

Steamer FRANKFURT scuttled herself. The vessel rescued twenty six survivors from the steamer.Some twenty crew members were missing.

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Submarine TORBAY sank two caiques with troops and stores with artillery off Doro Channel.

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Heavy cruiser EXETER arrived at Aden.

 

The cruiser operated from Aden from 4 July until the end of September 1941 when she docked at Colombo.

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Dutch steamer SIBAJAK departed Durban with 800 personnel from convoy WS.8X. The steamer was escorted by light cruiser COLOMBO to 5-20S, 50E, where the escort was relieved by light cruiser MAURITIUS.

 

Light cruiser MAURITIUS escorted to 4-25N, 86-50E where she was relieved by light cruiser DURBAN.

 

The steamer arrived at Singapore on the 19th.

 

 

Saturday, 5 July

 

Heavy cruiser SHROPSHIRE, carrying 60 prisoners of war, arrived at Scapa Flow from the East Indies to join the Home Fleet.

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For Operation DN, Light cruiser NIGERIA, anti-aircraft cruiser CURACOA, and destroyers BEDOUIN, PUNJABI, TARTAR, and ECLIPSE departed Scapa Flow at 0630 to strike German shipping near Stadtlandet.

 

The force was sighted by German aircraft on 5/6 July. The ships then returned to Scapa Flow, arriving at 1300 on the 8th.

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Destroyer JUPITER departed Scapa Flow at 1700 for Greenock to carry out minor repairs prior to joining Western Approaches. The destroyer was to have been in the escort for convoy WS.9C, but repairs required longer than expected. Destroyer LIGHTNING replaced her in the convoy escort.

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Dutch destroyer ISAAC SWEERS arrived at Scapa Flow at 1900 from Greenock to carry out working up exercises.

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Anti-aircraft ship ALYNBANK departed Methil at 1130 to cover convoy EC.41 from May Island to Pentland Firth.

 

The ship arrived at Scapa Flow at 1100 on the 8th after leaving convoy EC.41.

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Italian submarine MICHELE BIANCHI was sunk by Submarine TIGRIS in 45N, 04W in Biscay.

 

There were no survivors from the Italian submarine.

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Auxiliary minesweeper SNAEFELL (A/T/Lt Cdr F. Brett RNR) was sunk by German bombing in 54-51N, 1-27W.

 

Brett was lost in the minesweeper. T/Sub Lt F. Greenwood RNVR, and T/Lt A.R.D. Morgan RNVR, were wounded.

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Destroyer HOLDERNESS struck a mine in the North Sea.

 

The damage required twenty six days to repair.

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Submarines TRAVELLER and TROOPER, building at the Scotts yard at Greenock, were damaged by German bombing.

 

The submarines were damaged again on the 8th by bombing.

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British steamer FOWEY ROSE (470grt) was sunk by German bombing in 51-51N, 5-28W.

 

Eight crew were missing on the steamer.

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U.96 attacked a group of ships composed of surveying ship CHALLENGER, and British steamer ANSELM (5954grt), carrying troops and RAF personnel for Takoradi, escorted by corvettes STARWORT, LAVENDER, and PETUNIA.

 

These ships had departed the Clyde on 30 June for Freetown.Corvette PETUNIA had departed Londonderry on 30 June.

 

The submarine sank steamer ANSELM in 44-25N, 28-35W. Four crew and about two hundred and fifty troops were lost on the steamer of a crew of 98 and 1210 troops. Ship CHALLENGER rescued 970 survivors and corvette STARWORT 240. They were all later transferred to armed merchant cruiser CATHAY.

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anti-submarine trawler NORTHERN FOAM sighted a German submarine on the surface in 62-20N, 15-37E.

 

The submarine escaped at high speed on the surface.

 

anti-submarine trawlers NORTHERN PRINCESS and NORTHERN SKY joined the hunt, but the submarine was not recontacted.

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Latvian steamer RASMA (3204grt) was damaged on a mine laid by Finnish submarine VESIHIISI on 23 June north of Ekholm.

 

The steamer was beached to avoid sinking, but was sunk by German motor torpedo boats S.26 and S.28 on the 10th.

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Swedish steamer STIG GORTHON (2241grt) was sunk on a mine off Borkum. The entire crew was rescued.

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British steamer BENCRUACHEN (5920grt) was sunk ona mine 9.8 cables 297 from Mex High Light. Three crew were lost on the steamer.

 

Motor yacht WYREEMA (31grt) was lost when the steamer was sunk.

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Light cruisers AJAX and PERTH, anti-aircraft cruiser CARLISLE, and destroyers JACKAL, KINGSTON, NIZAM, GRIFFIN, HAVOCK, and HOTSPUR, with air support, bombarded Damur.

 

A night sweep was conducted by light cruiser PERTH, anti-aircraft cruiser CARLISLE, and destroyers NIZAM and HAVOCK.

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Submarine TORBAY sank Italian submarine JANTINA south of Melos in 37-309N, 25-00E.

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Submarine CLYDE returned to Gibraltar after Operation VIGOROUS.

 

 

Sunday, 6 July

 

Convoy OB.343 departed Liverpool, esoctetd by destroyers SABRE, SHIKARI, and VENOMOUS, corvettes CLARKIA, DIANELLA, and KINGCUP, and anti-submarine trawlers LADY ELSA, MAN O.WAR, NORTHERN DAWN, and WELLARD. This group, less corvette CLARKIA, was detached on the 12th. On the 12th destroyer HARVESTER, armed merchant cruiser AUSONIA, and corvettes HEPATICA, PRIMROSE, TRILLIUM, TULIP, and WINDFLOWER joined. The convoy was dispersed on the 20th.

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P/T/A/Sub Lt (A) T. Duncan RNVR, and Air Mechanic B.E. Randle were killed when their Fulmar of 759 Squadron crashed near Ilchester.

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British steam trawler WESTFIELD (140grt) was sunk by German bombing off St Govens Head, near Lundy Island.

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Swedish steamer BIRGITTA 91363grt) was damaged by German bombing in 53-05N, 1-19E.

 

The steamer was towed to Great Yarmouth.

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British steamer NORTH DEVON (3658grt) was damaged by German bombing in 53-03N, 1-38E, off Sheringham. Five crew were killed on the steamer.

 

The steamer was towed to Immingham.

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Light cruisers AJAX and PERTH, anti-aircraft cruiser CARLISLE, and destroyers JACKAL, KINGSTON, NIZAM, GRIFFIN, HAVOCK, and HOTSPUR (one of these destroyers were absent from the bombardment) bombarded Damur in support of army operations.

 

A night sweep was conducted by light cruisers NAIAD and PHOEBE and destroyers KIMBERLEY and HASTY.

_____

 

Submarine TRIUMPH sank Italian steamer NINFEA (607grt) and escorting gunboat DE LUTTI off Benghazi.

 

In the encounter, submarine TRIUMPH was hit by an Italian shore battery shell and was forced to return to Malta with damage to her forward torpedo tubes.

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Dutch submarine O.21 departed Gibraltar for patrol off Finisterre.

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Submarine P.33 arrived at Malta from Gibraltar.

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A Catalina aircraft sighted a submarine on the surface in 37-34N, 12-22W. Destroyers FEARLESS and FORESTER with convoy OG.66 were ordered to that position, but did not make contact.

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Convoy HX.137 departed Halifax, escorted by armed merchant cruiser CIRCASSIA and corvettes DIANTHUS, SNOWBERRY, and SPIKENARD.

 

Convoy BHX.137 departed Bermuda on the 4th escorted by ocean escort armed merchant cruiser CHESHIRE. The convoy rendezvoused with HX.137 on the 10th and the armed merchant cruiser was detached.

 

Corvettes BARRIE and MATAPEDIA joined on the 7th and were detached on the 8th. On the 9th, destroyers READING and SALISBURY, armed merchant cruiser CHESHIRE, and corvette HONEYSUCKLE joined the escort.Corvette HONEYSUCKLE and armed merchant cruiser CHESHIRE was detached on the 10th. The escort was detached when relieved by destroyers AMAZON, BULLDOG, BURZA, and GEORGETOWN, corvettes AUBRETIA and NIGELLA, and anti-submarine trawlers DANEMAN and ST APOLLO. Destroyer AMAZON was detached later that day and the rest of the escort, less corvette AUBRETIA on 21 August.Corvette AUBRETIA arrived with the convoy at Liverpool on the 22nd.

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British troopship ELLEGNA departed Madras for Penang with personnel and lorries, escorted by heavy cruiser CANBERRA to 10N, 92E. Light cruiser DANAE relieved the heavy cruiser. They arrived at Penang on the 10th.

 

 

Monday, 7 July

 

Aircraft carrier ARGUS completed her refit at the Clyde.

 

The aircraft carrier was allocated for deck landing training duties.

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The Flag of the Rear Admiral Commanding 10th Cruiser Squadron was temporarily transferred to base ship DUNLUCE CASTLE.

 

On the 10th, the flag returned to light cruiser NIGERIA.

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Destroyer HEYTHROP departed Scapa Flow for Loch Alsh where she arrived at 1800.

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Convoy OB.344 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyers HESPERUS, SARONDYX, ST FRANCIS, and WATCHMAN, catapult ship ARIGUANI, and escort ships SENNEN, TOTLAND, and WALNEY. The catapult ship and destroyer SARDONYX were detached on the 11th. The remainder of this section was detached on the 16th. Destroyers ASSINIBOINE and OTTWAW joined on the 15th and were detached on the 17th when the convoy was dispersed.

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Submarine SEALION, in operations off Ushant, sank French fishing trawlers GUSTAV JEANNE (39grt) and GUSTAV EUGENE (120grt) on the 7th.

 

On the 8th, the submarine sank CHRISTUS REGNAT (28grt) and on the 9th, ST PIERRE D'ALCANTARA (329grt).

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Polish submarine SOKOL unsuccessfully attacked a large transport in 46-41N, 20-30W.

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Admiralty hired drifter LORD ST VINCENT (115grt, Skipper J.S. Alexander RNR) was sunk by mining off North East Gunfleet Buoy in the Thames Estuary.

 

One rating was killed and one rating died of wounds in the drifter.

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Norwegian tanker FERNCOURT (9918grt) was damaged by German bombing in 51-50N, 5-29-30W.

 

Two gunners were lost on the tanker.

 

The tanker returned to Milford Haven and was docked at Swansea.

_____

 

A Fulmar of 804 Squadron was launched from catapult ship PEGASUS to intercept a German FW 200 bomber. The bomber was not located and the Fulmar proceeded towards Algergove in bad visibility.

 

Sub Lt T.R.V. Parke and Leading Airman E.F. Miller were killed when the aircraft crashed into Kerran Hill, near Southend, Kintyre.

_____

 

A Dominie aircraft of 782 Squadron crashed ferrying passengers between Hatston and Donibristle. Petty Officer W.C. Jones, 1st Officer M.E.J. Dobson WRNS, Lt F.P. Tennyson of EXCELLENT, and passengers 2nd Lt J.L. Day RA, Mr.C.W. Young of Vickers Armstrong, and Mr. T. McCabe were all killed.

_____

 

US Marines landed at Reykjavik, Iceland.

 

The landing force was designated Task Force 19 (Rear Admiral David McC. Le Breton) and had departed Argentia on the 1st.

 

Battleships NEW YORK (Le Breton) and ARKANSAS.

 

Light cruisers BROOKLYN and NASHVILLE.

 

Inner Screen:

 

Destroyer Squadron 7

Destroyer PLUNKETT

Destroyer Division 13

Destroyers NIBLACK, BENSON, GLEAVES, and MAYO

Destroyer Division 14

Destroyers CHARLES F. HUGHES, LANSDALE, HILARY P. JONES

 

Outer Screen:

 

Destroyer Division 60

Destroyers ELLIS, BERNADOU, UPSHUR, LEA, and BUCK

 

Transport Force:

Transports WILLIAM P. BIDDLE, FULLER, HEYWOOD, ORIZABA,

ARCTURUS, HAMUL, SALAMONIE, and tug CHEROKEE

 

Following disembarkation, the Task Force departed Iceland on the 12th and arrived at Argentia on the 19th.

_____

 

German fishing vessel NEUENFELDE (193grt) was sunk on a mine near Kolberg.

_____

 

After a minelaying raid on Haifa, Light cruisers NAIAD and PHOEBE and destroyers JACKAL, HOTSPUR, NIZAM, and HAVOCK remained at sea off the harbour.

 

Anti-aircraft ship CARLISLE had to be towed clear of a suspected mine dropped near her.

_____

 

During the night of 7/8 July, motor torpedo boat MTB.68 entered Beirut harbour twice and dropped depth charges along two merchant ships along the mole.

_____

 

Italian light cruisers ATTENDOLO and DUCA D'AOSTA of the 7th Cruiser Squadron and BANDE NERE and DI GIUSSANO of the 4th Cruiser Squadron with destroyers PIGAFETTA, PESSAGNO, DA RECCO, DA MOSTA, DA VERAZZANO, MAESTRALE, GRECALE, and SCIROCCO laid mines in the Sicilian Channel.

_____

 

Destroyer AVON VALE arrived at Gibraltar towing in a Catalina aircraft which has forced landed in the sea west of Gibraltar.

_____

 

Destroyer ERIDGE reported sighting a U-boat in 34-46N, 9-47W. A Catalina aircraft was ordered to assist.

 

Destroyers ERIDGE and FARNDALE, which had departed convoy OG.66, searched until the following day without result.

 

 

Tuesday, 8 July

 

Australian destroyer NESTOR departed Scapa Flow at 0900 to join destroyer JUPITER at Greenock prior to proceeding to the Mediterranean.

 

The destroyer arrived at Greenock at 0400 on the 9th.

_____

 

Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Scapa Flow at 1200 to meet convoy EC.42 south of Duncansby Head to provide anti-aircraft protection.

 

At 2300, the ship transferred to convoy WN.50 east of Cape Wrath and escorted it to Methil where they arrived at 0730 on the 10th.

_____

 

Lt Cdr A.J. Tillard, Lt R.H. Furlong, and Lt Cdr W. Thompson were killed when their Walrus of 778 Squadron crashed off Arbroath.

_____

 

German fishing vessel JAN HUBERT (460grt) was sunk in a collision in southwest Norway.

_____

 

Convoy HG.67 departed Gibraltar, escorted by sloop DEPTFORD, destroyers FOXHOUND and AVON VALE, corvettes JONQUIL, PETUNIA, and SPIRAEA, catapult ship MAPLIN, and Dutch submarine O.24.

 

Captured French steamer CAP CANTIN proceeded to the UK in this convoy.

 

Destroyer FARNDALE and corvette COREOPSIS departed Gibraltar on the 9th and overtook the convoy.

 

Destroyers AVON VALE and FARNDALE were detached on the 12th. Early on the 13th, destroyer AVON VALE sighted a submarine on the surface in 35-20N, 16-35W near the convoy. The destroyer, joined by destroyer FARNDALE searched for the submarine without success.

 

On the 14th, the corvettes, less PETUNIA, and the submarine were detached to convoy OG.67.

 

On the 14th, the convoy merged with convoy SL.79.

 

On the 19th, destroyers CAMPBELTOWN, ST ALBANS, and WANDERER joined the convoy. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on the 24th.

_____

 

Ocean boarding vessel MARSDALE arrived at Gibraltar from Western Patrol.

_____

 

Submarine TORBAY sank German steamers LXIV and LI east of Kithera with artillery.

_____

 

Dutch submarine O.21 arrived at Gibraltar from patrol.

_____

 

Submarine UPHOLDER arrived at Malta from patrol.

_____

 

Heavy cruiser CORNWALL collided with the wharf at Durban.

 

The cruiser's stem was buckled.

 

 

Wednesday, 9 July

 

Minelayers AGAMEMNON, MENETHEUS, and PORT QUEBEC, escorted by destroyers CASTLETON, WELLS, and HEYTHROP, laid minefield SN.67A of the Northern Barrage.

 

On the 8th, light cruiser NIGERIA and later on the same day battlecruiser REPULSE departed Scapa Flow to cover the operation.

 

At 1130 on the 10th, destroyer HEYTHROP was detached and after collecting mails at Loch Alsh proceeded to Scapa Flow, where she arrived at 2030.

 

Cruiser NIGERIA arrived back at Scapa Flow on the 10th.

_____

 

Heavy cruiser SUFFOLK arrived at Hvalfjord after Denmark Strait patrol.After refuelling, the cruiser departed for Scapa Flow, where she arrived on the 11th.

_____

 

Heavy cruiser DEVONSHIRE departed Scapa Flow for Hvalfjord. En route, she intercepted Panamanian steamer ST-CERGUE (4260grt) in 63-28N, 7-55W and sent her to Skopenfjord under armed guard. The cruiser on the 10th at Hvalfjord.

 

The cruiser arrived back at Scapa Flow on the 15th.

_____

 

Light cruisers AURORA, ARETHUSA, and MANCHESTER departed Scapa Flow for the Clyde to escort convoy WS.9C.

 

The cruisers arrived on the 10th. Light cruiser AURORA was replaced in the operation by cruiser minelayer MANXMAN. The cruiser arrived back at Scapa Flow on the 13th.

_____

 

A German submarine was reported by British aircraft in 60-36N, 3-20W.

 

Polish destroyer KRAKOWIAK and destroyer ECHO departed Scapa Flow at 2100 to search for the submarine.

 

The Polish destroyer was later relieved by Destroyer WINCHESTER, which departed Scapa Flow at 1200 on the 10th. The Polish destroyer arrived at Scapa Flow at 0030 on the 11th.

 

The search was unsuccessful.

 

Destroyers ECHO and WINCHESTER arrived at Scapa Flow at 0840 on the 11th.

_____

 

British steam vessel BLUE MERMAID (97grt) was lost on a mine, eight miles 185 from Clacton in 51-39-01N, 1-08-05E. Two crew were lost on the vessel.

_____

 

U.98 sank British steamer DESIGNER (5945grt) in 42-59N, 31-40W.

 

Of a crew of seventy seven, one lascars and one gunner were rescued on the 10th in 42-59N, 31-40W. The rest were lost.

_____

 

U.98 sank British steamer INVERNESS (4897grt) in 42-46N, 32-45W.

 

Thirty six of a crew of forty four were rescued.

_____

 

German minelayers TANNENBERG, PREUSSEN, and HANSESTADT DANZIG, returning from Finland to Swinemunde, were sunk on the Swedish mine barrage east of Oland.

_____

 

The Soviet 2nd Destroyer Division with destroyers TASHKENT, BODRY, BOIKI, BESPOSCHCHADNY, and BEZUPRECHNY operated in the Fidonisi area in the Black Sea on a shipping sweep, but did not make contact.

_____

 

Leaving Tobruk Harbour, Destroyer DECOY and Australian destroyer STUART was damaged by near misses from German bombing.

 

Both destroyers required repair on their return to Alexandria.

 

Destroyer HERO replaced destroyer DECOY in the Tobruk operations.

_____

 

Destroyer NAPIER departed Alexandria for Port Said to complete repairs on her turbines.

_____

 

Submarine CACHALOT departed Alexandria on a supply run to Malta, where she safely arrived on the 16th.

_____

 

Submarine TORBAY sank German steamers LVI and LV and damaged L 12 with artillery and scuttling charges east of Kithera.

_____

 

French destroyers GUEPARD, VALMY, and VAUQUELIN departed Tripoli, Syria, for Salonika to pick up troops transported there by rail from France.

 

These destroyers were able to get within two hundred miles of Syria when they were located by British aircraft.

 

The French destroyers were ordered to retire to Toulon, putting an end to the naval phase of the Syria operations.

 

French sloop ELAN, auxiliary tanker L'ADOUR (4500grt), small tanker CYRUS (405grt), patrol vessels DJEBEL SAMIN, JEAN MIC, and MASSALIA,minesweepers AVOCETTE and LECID, tugs MARIUS, CHAMBRUM, and MARSEILLAISE, and trawler LA VAILLANTE were interned at Iskanderun, Turkey.

 

Submarine CAIMAN proceeded to Bizerte.

 

On 18 September, the last of the interned ships had been moved, under Turkish escort, to Mersin and Erdek.

 

 

Thursday, 10 July

 

Minelaying cruiser MANXMAN departed Scapa Flow at 1900 after working up for Greenock where she arrived at 0900 on the 11th.

 

The cruiser was to join convoy WS.9C and replaced light cruiser AURORA in the escort.

_____

 

Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Methil at 1500 to escort convoy EC.43 from May Island to Pentland Firth.

 

The ship arrived at Scapa Flow at 1800 on the 11th.

_____

 

Submarine TUNA unsuccessfully attacked a submarine in 46-00N, 09-40W.

_____

 

Motor boat CELANO (14grt), being used as a tender to diving ship TEDWORTH, was sunk on a mine one cable 100 from Number 1 Channel Buoy.

 

All six crew on the boat were lost.

_____

 

British fishing trawler ISABELLA FOWLIE (196grt) was sunk by German bombing seven miles east, northeast of Longstone. Three crew were lost on the trawler.

_____

 

Norwegian steamer SVINT (1174grt) was sunk by German bombing seven miles northwest of Kellan Head, Trevose. One crewman was lost on the steamer.

_____

 

German destroyers HANS LODY, KARL GALSTER, HERMANN SCHOEMANN, FRIEDRICH ECKHOLDT, and RICHARD BEITZEN arrived at Kirkenes.

_____

 

The German 1st Motor Torpedo Boat Flotilla with S.28, S.26, S.101, S.40, and S.39 sortied to attack a Soviet force in the Gulf of Finland near Ekholm.

 

No contact was made with the Soviet force.

_____

 

Light cruiser EDINBURGH, which had been with convoy WS.9 B, and light cruiser HERMIONE arrived at Gibraltar.

 

Light cruiser EDINBURGH was docked at Gibraltar the next day.

_____

 

Light cruiser AJAX and and Australian light cruiser PERTH with four destroyers were at sea off Syria during the night of 9/10 July in support of the Army.No contact was made during the patrol.

_____

 

Battleship VALIANT, light cruiser LEANDER, and destroyers were at sea from Alexandria exercising during the day.

_____

 

Submarine TORBAY damaged Italian tanker STROMBO (5232grt) in 37-30N, 24-16E off the Zea Canal.

 

The submarine was damaged by escorting torpedo boats CLIMENE and CALATAFIMI.

_____

 

Dutch submarine O.23 arrived at Gibraltar after in the Gulf of Genoa. The submarine was forced to depart the patrol area early on the 7th because of a fuel leak.

_____

 

Submarine RORQUAL departed Malta on patrol, but was forced to return with engine defects at 2200.

_____

 

German steamer HERMES (formerly KARNAK, 7209grt) was scuttled when intercepted by Armed merchant cruiser CANTON three hundred miles northwest of St Paul.

 

 

Friday, 11 July

 

Destroyer ECLIPSE departed Scapa Flow at 0700 providing escort for motor launches ML.122, ML.124, ML.125, ML.128, ML.208, ML.210, ML.213, ML.233 of the 4th Motor Launch Flotilla proceeding to Skaalefjord and thence to Reykjavik.

 

The force arrived at Skaalefjord at 2300.

 

The destroyer and the motor launches departed Skaalefjord on the 13th for Reykjavik, where they arrived at 1015 on the 15th. At 1800 on the same day, the destroyer departed to return to Scapa Flow, arriving at 0530 on the 17th.

_____

 

Battleship NELSON, escorted by destroyers LIGHTNING, KRAKOWIAK, and KUJAWIAK departed Scapa Flow at 0830 for the Clyde.

 

The ships arrived at Greenock at 1054 on the 12th.

 

Destroyer KRAKOWIAK, which had completed working up practices proceeded to Plymouth at 1500. Destroyer KUJAWIAK departed Greenock at 1430 for Scapa Flow, arriving at 1130 on the 13th.

 

Destroyer LIGHTNING remained at Greenock to escort convoy WS.9C.

_____

 

Destroyer ICARUS, on completion of repairs, departed Ardrossan at 0500 escorting tanker MONTENOL to Loch Alsh.

 

The destroyer then proceeded to Scapa Flow where she arrived at 1000 on the 12th.

_____

 

Convoy OB.345 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyers ARROW, BULLDOG, and GEORGETOWN, corvettes AUBRETIA and NIGELLA, and anti-submarine trawler ST APOLLO. This group was detached on the 16th. On the 16th, armed merchant cruiser CALIFORNIA, destroyers CHESTERFIELD and CHURCHILL, and corvettes ARROWHEAD, CAMELLIA, and EYEBRIGHT joined. This group was detached on the 24th. The convoy arrived at Halifax on the 26th.

_____

 

Motor vessel RIVER TRENT (246grt) was damaged by a mine in 53N, 1-15E.

 

The vessel was towed to Great Yarmouth.

_____

 

During the night of 10/11 July, Light cruisers AJAX and PHOEBE with destroyers JACKAL, GRIFFIN, KINGSTON, HASTY, and KIMBERLEY searched the Syrian coast for French merchant ships reported by air the previous day.

 

There was no contact and the ships arrived back at Haifa at daylight.

 

At midnight on 11/12 July, the Army ceased hostilities with French forces in Syria.

_____

 

Destroyer DEFENDER and Australian destroyer VENDETTA, after carrying supplies to Tobruk, were bombed by German aircraft at 0520 in 31-45N, 25-51E.

 

Destroyer DEFENDER was damaged. Destroyer VENDETTA towed the damaged destroyer for a time before DEFENDER sank seven miles north of Sidi Barrani.

 

There was no loss of life in the destroyer.Five crew were wounded.

_____

 

Gunboat CRICKET, in tow of tug ST ISSEY, and gunboat GNAT, sailing on one engine, departed Alexandria for docking at Port Said.

_____

 

Aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL and light cruiser HERMIONE departed Gibraltar to exercise in the Mediterranean.

 

A Swordfish ditched during the exercises and its crew was picked up by destroyer FEARLESS.

_____

 

Submarines URSULA and P.33 departed Malta to intercept a convoy west of Lampedusa.

 

Submarine URSULA was forced to return to Malta on the 12th with a defective generator.

_____

 

anti-submarine trawlers FANDANGO, MORRIS DANCE, SARABANDE, SYRINGA, NORSE, and CORDELIA, escorting British steamer PINZON (1365grt), departed Gibraltar for Freetown, via Bathurst.

_____

 

Convoy HX.138 departed Halifax, escorted by destroyers ANNAPOLIS and CROIX and armed merchant cruiser AURANIA.Corvette RIMOUSKI joined on the 12th and sloop LEITH and corvettes DAUPHIN and NAPANEE on the 13th. The corvettes were detached on the 13th. The armed merchant cruiser was detached on the 14th and the destroyers on the 15th. Destroyers BROADWATER and ST LAURENT and corvette POLYANTHUS joined on the 15th and destroyers BURWELL and RICHMOND and corvette COBALt on the 16th. These escorts were detached on the 23rd when relieved by destroyers BEAGLE, BOADICEA, and ROXBOROUGH, corvettes HEATHER, ORCHIS, and PICOTEE, and anti-submarine trawlers ARAB, LADY MADELEINE, and ST LOMAN. The destroyers and corvette HEATHER were detached on the 26th. The convoy arrived at Liverpool on the 27th with the remainder of the escort.

 

 

Saturday, 12 July

 

In a flying accident on aircraft carrier VICTORIOUS T/Sub Lt (A) J.B. Ganner RNVR, and Leading Airman L. Powell in a Fulmar of 809 Squadron were killed.

_____

 

Anti-aircraft ship ALYNBANK departed Scapa Flow at 0930 to cover convoy WN.51 from the Pentland Firth to Tod Head where she transferred to convoy EC.44.

 

In the Pentland Firth, the ship left convoy EC.44 and arrived at Scapa Flow at 2100 on the 13th.

_____

 

Corvette ARBUTUS was in a collision with British steamer BLACKHEATH (4637grt) in 55-58N, 10-38W.

 

Corvette PIMPERNEL stood by the damaged corvette.

 

Corvette ARBUTUS was repaired at Liverpool completing on 19 August.

_____

 

Convoy OG.68 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers BATH and WALKER, corvettes AZALEA, BLUEBELL, CAMPANULA, HYDRANGEA, WALLFLOWER, and ZINNIA. The convoy was joined on the 13th by ocean boarding vessels CAVINA and HILARY.

 

On the 14th, corvette AZALEA was detached. On the 18th, the destroyers and the ocean boarding vessels were detached.

 

Destroyer WISHART and submarine CLYDE from convoy HG.68 joined the convoy on the 22nd.

 

On the 25th, the submarine was diverted to patrol in the vicinity of 40N, 15W. The convoy arrived at Gibraltar on the 26th with the five corvettes.

_____

 

German destroyers HANS LODY, KARL GALSTER, HERMANN SCHOEMANN, FRIEDRICH ECKHOLDT, and RICHARD BEITZEN swept off the Kola coast.

 

Destroyers LODY, GALSTER, and ECKHOLDT encountered a Soviet convoy near Cape Teriberski.

 

Patrol ship PASSAT and auxiliary patrol ship RT 67 (trawler MOLOTOV) were sunk. Auxiliary patrol ship RT 32 was able to escape.

 

The other two destroyers off Iokanga found no targets.

_____

 

Soviet destroyers BDITELNY was badly damaged and KHARKOV was slightly damaged in a German air attack on Sevastapool.

_____

 

Australian light cruiser HOBART arrived at Suez from Australia to join the Mediterranean Fleet.

 

The cruiser could not immediately be passed through the canal due to mining.

 

The light cruiser and destroyer KIPLING, following repairs at Suez, were able to proceed through the Suez Canal on the 16th.

_____

 

Submarine RORQUAL departed Malta for Alexandria and arrived on the 20th.

 

Among the items brought to Alexandria was a new stem piece, forged at Malta, for anti-aircraft ship COVENTRY.

_____

 

Submarine TRIUMPH arrived at Malta for damage repairs incurred in patrol off Benghazi.

_____

 

Dutch steamer ALPHARD (5483grt) was damaged by German bombing at Port Said. Four crew were lost on the steamer.

_____

 

Greek steamer PATRIA (1977grt) was sunk by German bombing at Port Said.

 

The steamer was raised and restored to service after the war.

_____

 

Battlecruiser RENOWN departed Gibraltar and joined aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL and light cruiser HERMIONE for exercises.

 

 

The three ships arrived back at Gibraltar later that day.

_____

 

Submarine OTUS departed Gibraltar, carrying stores, for Malta, arriving on the 20th.

_____

 

Heavy cruiser LONDON arrived at Gibraltar from Freetown.

_____

 

Convoy SC.37 departed Sydney, CB, escorted by corvettes BARRIE, CHICOUTIMI, and MATAPEDIA. Armed merchant cruiser AURANIA joined the next day and was detached on the 14th. The three corvettes were detached on the 15th. On the 15th, destroyers BURWELL and RICHMOND and corvettes COBALt and POLYANTHUS joined. These were detached on the 23rd, when relieved by destroyers LEAMINGTON and SALADIN, corvettes ABELIA and ANEMONE, and anti-submarine trawlers ST ELSTAN and ST ZENO. Destroyer DOUGLAS joined on the 24th.Corvette ANEMONE was detached on the 26th, destroyers DOUGLAS, LEAMINGTON, SALADIN, and SKATE, and trawler ST ZENO on the 27th.Corvette ABELIA and trawler ST ELSTAN arrived with the convoy in the Clyde on the 28th.

 

 

Sunday, 13 July

 

Convoy WS.9C formed at sea from ships sailing from Avonmouth, Liverpool, and the Clyde. This convoy was primarily the SUBSTANCE convoy for Malta.

 

The Clyde section escorted by light cruisers ARETHUSA and the Dutch HEEMSKERK departed on the 10th. The convoy consisted of battleship NELSON, light cruisers MANCHESTER, ARETHUSA, and HEEMSKERK, cruiser minelayer MANXMAN, and steamers DEUCALION, AVILA STAR, LEINSTER, PORT CHALMERS, PASTEUR, MELBOURNE STAR, DURHAM, SYDNEY STAR, and CITY OF PRETORIA.

 

Destroyer WINCHELSEA escorted the convoy on the 12th.

 

Sloop STORK escorted the Avonmouth section and remained with the convoy until 13 July.

 

Light cruiser HEEMSKERK and destroyers GURKHA, GARLAND, VANOC, and WANDERER escorted the convoy from 12 to 15 July.

 

Battleship NELSON, light cruisers MANCHESTER and ARETHUSA, and destroyers COSSACK, MAORI, SIKH, NESTOR, and LIGHTNING escorted the convoy from 12 to 17 July.

 

Liner PASTEUR was detached to Gibraltar on the 17th escorted light cruiser MANCHESTER and destroyers NESTOR and LIGHTNING.

 

Liner LEINSTER was detached to Gibraltar escorted by destroyers COSSACK, SIKH, and MAORI.

 

Cruiser minelayer MANXMAN escorted the convoy from 15 to 16 July.

 

Steamer AVILA STAR was detached as an independent on the 16th.

 

Destroyers FEARLESS, FOXHOUND,FURY, FORESIGHT, and FORESTER departed Gibraltar on the 14th and joined the convoy on the 18th. Destroyer FIREDRAKE departed Gibraltar the next day and joined the destroyers at sea. They remained with the convoy until arrival on the 20th. Light cruiser EDINBURGH joined the convoy on the 20th and arrived with it at Gibraltar. The convoy arrived at Gibraltar on the 20th.

_____

 

Anti-aircraft ship POZARICA arrived at Scapa Flow at 1200 from Chatham to carry out working up exercises.

_____

 

British steamer COLLINGDOC (1780grt) was sunk on a mine four cables 200 from Southend Pier. Two crew were lost on the steamer.

 

The steamer was refloated on the 21st and towed to Gravesend. The steamer was converted to a hulk and towed to Rosyth.

_____

 

British steamer SCORTON (4813grt) was damaged by German bombing two miles west of 57C Buoy, near Smiths Knoll.

 

The steamer arrived in tow at Immingham.

_____

 

Submarine TAKU sank Italian steamer CALDEA (2703grt), en route from Brindisi to Benghazi, ten miles 312 from Benghazi.

 

Torpedo boat MONTANARI from Tripoli was escorting the steamer, but was unable to damage the submarine.

_____

 

Returning from a supply run to Tobruk, Destroyer DECOY sighted a submarine off Bardia.After an unsuccessful attack, due to the threat of air attack, the destroyer proceeded to Alexandria. Destroyer VOYAGER, in company, was reduced to seventeen knots due to a mechanical defect.

_____

 

British tanker PEGASUS (3597grt) was sunk on a British mine at Beirut.

 

 

Monday, 14 July

 

Heavy cruiser BERWICK departed Scapa Flow for turbine repairs at Rosyth.

 

En route, the cruiser experienced further engine defects.

 

Destroyer TARTAR departed Scapa Flow at 0500 and destroyer HEYTHROP at 0600 to join the cruiser. En route, destroyer HEYTHROP was recalled and arrived back at Scapa Flow at 0030 on the 15th.

 

The cruiser was safely escorted to Rosyth by destroyer TARTAR, which arrived back at Scapa Flow at 0900 on the 15th.

_____

 

Destroyer WELLS arrived at Scapa Flow at 2000 from Loch Alsh to carry out a short program of practices.

_____

 

Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Scapa Flow at 0900 to carry out exercises in Pentland Firth and then join convoy WN.52 off Duncansby Head. The convoy was taken to Methil, arriving at 1100 on the 15th.

_____

 

British cruiser minelayer ADVENTURE departed Scapa Flow for Loch Alsh, where she arrived that evening.

_____

 

Convoy OB.346 departed Liverpool, escorted by sloop WELLINGTON, corvettes CLOVER and VERVAIN, and escort ships CULVER and LANDGUARD. On the 15th, destroyers ST ALBANS and WESTCOTT, catapult ship MAPLIN, and corvettes AURICULA, HIBISCUS, MARIGOLD, and PERWINKLE joined. Destroyers ST ALBANS and WESTCOTT were detached on the 18th, corvettes AURICULA and MARIGOLD on the 20th, corvettes HIBISCUS and PERWINKLE on the 21st, corvettes CLOVER and VERVAIN on the 23rd, and catapult ship MAPLIN on the 28th. On the 31st, destroyer WRESTLER, sloop BRIDGEWATER, and corvettes AMARANTHUS and BERGAMOT joined the convoy which arrived at Freetown on 1 August.

_____

 

A Swordfish of 821 Squadron crashed at Ballantrae, en route from detling-Prestwick to Hatston. T/A/Sub Lt (A) S.F.J. Wood RNVR, Leading Airman F.B. Bavidige, and passenger Air Mechanician M. Robinson were killed.

_____

 

Swedish steamer ASPEN (1305grt) was sunk by German bombing forty five miles from Rotterdam. Two crew were missing on the steamer.

_____

 

Italian submarine MOROSONI sank British steamer RUPERT DE LARRINAGA (5358grt), from dispersed convoy OG.67, in 36-18N, 21-11W.

 

Forty four survivors were picked up by Spanish tanker CAMPECHE (6382grt).

_____

 

Italian submarine MALASPINA sank Greek steamer NIKOKLIS (3576grt), from dispersed convoy OG.67, 105 miles southwest of the Azores.

 

Seventeen crew were lost on the steamer.

_____

 

The German 1st Motor Torpedo Boat Flotilla with S.28, S.27, S.40, S.101, and S.26 attacked a Soviet convoy near Ekholm without success.

_____

 

Light cruisers NAIAD and PHOEBE, Australian light cruiser PERTH, and destroyers GRIFFIN, HAVOCK, KIMBERLEY, and HOTSPUR departed Haifa at 1800 to return to Alexandria, arriving on the 15th.

 

British cruiser AJAX and destroyers JACKAL, NIZAM, HASTY, and KINGSTON remained on station on the Syrian coast and anti-aircraft ship CARLISLE remained at Beirut.

_____

 

During the night of 14/15 July, Destroyer HERO and Australian destroyer VENDETTA ran supplies to Tobruk.

 

Destroyer VENDETTA was holed while alongside, but was able to return to Alexandria after temporary repairs at Mersa Matruh.

_____

 

Submarine OSIRIS damaged Italian steamer CAPO D'ORSO (5293grt) in 36-27N, 11-54E.

_____

 

A German-Italian convoy of steamers RIALTO (6099grt), ANDREA GRITTI (6338grt), SEBASTINO VENIER (6311grt), BARBARIGO (5293grt), and ANKARA (4768grt) departed Tripoli for Naples escorted by destroyers MALOCELLO, FUCLIERE, and ALPINO and torpedo boats PROCIONE, PEGASO, and ORSA.

 

Submarine UNION departed Malta at 0100 to intercept a convoy south of Pantellaria.

 

Swordfish aircraft departed Malta on 14 and 15 July to attack this convoy, but no contact was made.

 

Submarine P.33 sank steamer BARBARIGO on the 15th eight miles south of Pantelleria in 36-27N, 11-54E.

 

The submarine sustained hull damage from heavy depth charging. The convoy arrived at Naples on the 16th.Submarine P.33 arrived at Malta for repairs on the 16th.

 

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British troopship GEORGIC of convoy WS.9 A was bombed by German bombers in Suez Bay. The troopship was set afire and drifted to the beach, fouling and slightly damaging landing ship GLENEARN en route.

 

Twenty six on the troopship were killed.

 

Australian light cruiser HOBART was able to later pass a line to landing ship GLENEARN towing her free.

 

Troopship GLENEARN departed Suez for Bombay on 1 August in the tow of British steamer CITY OF KIMBERLEY (6169grt).

 

The troopship was salved in November and towed to Bombay. Troopship GEORGIC arrived in UK 1 March 1943 for repairs.

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Destroyers FEARLESS, FOXHOUND, FURY, FORESIGHT, and FORESTER departed Gibraltar at 1746 to meet convoy WS.9C, arriving from the UK.

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Sloop SCARBOROUGH and corvette GERANIUM departed Gibraltar for exercises in the Atlantic. SCARBOROUGH returned to Gibraltar to escort convoy HG.68 departing Gibraltar on the 18th, while GERANIUM arrived back at Gibraltar on the 18th, escorting British oiler HORNSHELL.

 
 

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revised 8/4/12
further editing is required