Convoy Route Codes,
Operation Code Names
ATLANTIC LETTER OF PROCEEDING – No. 28
Remarks of the Vice Admiral Commanding North
A.2 from N.O.I.C. Bathurst reported that RICHELIEU,
GEORGES LEYGUES, GLOIRE,
and MONTCALM were leaving Dakar for France on 3rd April,
and that STRASBOURG
was leaving Casablanca for Dakar on 5th April. Ships were
warned of this possibility, but I pointed out to
Admiralty that as STRASBOURG was believed to be at Toulon,
the ship at
Casablanca might be JEAN BART.
Admiralty's 0046/3 required every
endeavour to be made by air and surface patrols to locate
RICHELIEU with a view
to attacking her by all means at out disposal should she
endeavour to enter the
Mediterranean. All available T.B.
aircraft from EAGLE and ARGUS were to be held ready at
North Front as a
striking force, and all submarines in the Gibraltar area
except UPRIGHT and
CLYDE were to be employed. Admiralty's 0131A/3 ordered
Flag Officer Commanding Force F to spread
all available in an endeavour to locate RICHELIEU. If met
she was to be reported and then shadowed pending
The following action was taken on 3rd
April: TAKU and P 42 were ordered
to return to Gibraltar forthwith; EXMOOR and CROOME were
ordered to spread to
visibility distance and to report if RICHELIEU was
sighted, then shadow to
prudent limit of endurance; M.L. 172 was brought to four
hours' notice for
shipping torpedoes; ship on U patrol was ordered to report
if STRASBOURG was
sighted and shadow her pending further instructions; ARGUS
was brought to four
hours' notice for full speed at noon; of the Swordfish at
North Front 6 were to
be kept at ½ hour's notice, and the remainder at three
hours' notice; a
Swordfish patrol within a radius of 25 miles of Cape
Spartel from 000 degrees
through West to territorial waters was instituted. In
response to an enquiry of the War Officer, H.E. the
Governor was given authority to engage RICHELIEU with
Fortress Guns and transit
aircraft should she enter the Mediterranean.
On 4th April, the six Swordfish at
North Front remained at ½ hour's notice, but the remainder
to two hours' notice, while TAKU and P 42 were brought to
one hour's notice and
P 611 to two hours' notice until 1800 and after that at
one hour's notice. Reports of reconnaissance received
during the day indicated no abnormal movements were taking
place in the French
Fleet, and I asked Admiralty in my 1254A/5 whether
submarine movements could be
resumed. The reply was contained
in Admiralty's 0125B/6 which ordered normal movements to
be resumed. Aircraft at North Front were therefore
brought to normal notice, and TAKU was sailed to resume
her interrupted working
U.S. Aircraft carrier WASP, having
embarked 47 Spitfires at King George V Dock, Glasgow,
Force W consisting of
RENOWN (Commodore C.S. Daniel, S.O., Force W), W, WASP,
INGLEFIELD (Captain D
3), ECHO, PARTRIDGE, ITHURIEL, and U.S. destroyers LANG
and MADISON sailed from
Greenock at 0700B/14.
At 2000B/17, WESTCOTT, WISHART,
VIDETTE, ANTELOPE, and WRESTLER, who had left Gibraltar at
0001/16, met Force W
in position 39-13N, 14-20W, and Captain D 3 in INGLEFIELD
proceeded with the
screen at best speed to Gibraltar to fuel. The remaining
units of the Squadron to fuel. The remaining units of the
remained to the westward of the Strait out of sight of
These units passed Cape Spartel at
0001/19 and set course to pass North of Alboran Island.
Captain D.3 in INGLEFIELD and
destroyers, together with CHARYBDIS and CAIRO joined at
WESTCOTT, WISHART, ANTELOPE, and WRESTLER were detached to
Gibraltar to refuel
and rejoin as soon as possible. VIDETTE was retained with
Force W until 1900/19. Formentera Light was passed at
and at 0530A/20 WASP commenced flying off aircraft in
03-20E. The evolution was carried
out extremely quickly, 58 aircraft being flown off in 61
Force W returned North of Alboran
Island, being met in the forenoon by WESTCOTT, WISHART,
WRESTLER. The force was shadowed
intermittently by aircraft, but no attack developed.
CAIRO, INGLEFIELD, ECHO, LANG, and MADISON were detached
1800/20 to Gibraltar to fuel, CAIRO was also to embark
stores and personnel for
No. 812 Squadron. The passage of
the Strait was made by the remainder of the force during
the night of the
20th/21th, and in a position 40 miles west of Cape
Spartel, aircraft of 812
Squadron were flown from Gibraltar to WASP. Ships had
refuelled at Gibraltar rejoined at 1030 and at
1100 WASP and CAIRO escorted by INGLEFIELD, ECHO, LANG,
and MADISON were
detached to the US, the remaining units, RENOWN,
CHARYBDIS, WISHART, WRESTLER,
WESTCOTT, ANTELOPE, PARTRIDGE, ITHURIEL, and VIDETTE
returned to Gibraltar arriving at 1630/21st.
SWORDFISH CREW BY ANTELOPE
While proceeding to rejoin Force W, on
19th April, ANTELOPE was detached to assist a Swordfish
aircraft forced landed
on Alboran Island. The aircraft
could not take off and was destroyed by its crew, who
ANTELOPE. From 0345 to 645/20,
ANTELOPE hunted, without success, a U boat which had fired
a torpedo at
her. Two shadowing aircraft were
also sighted. A full report of
ANTELOPE's proceedings while detached have been forwarded
in my No. X 185/394
of 7th May 1942.
An air attack was carried out between
the hours of 0435 and 0530 on the 1st April. Three or more
aircraft nationality unknown, approached from
the Eastward to within range, then separated and came over
separately in the
vicinity of the aerodrome at a height of 10,000 feet to
13,000 feet. Four bombs fell near the Frontier Gate,
damaging a water main; one failed to explode. Other
objects fell into the sea to the Eastward of the Rock
and in the Bay. H.D.A. reported
five explosions at 0455. A G.L.
set picked up a big bomb or mine bearing 360 degrees from
North end of Rock at
6000 yards range; it landed at 4000 yards. Time taken to
fall was 4 minutes, the height of the aircraft
being 12,000 feet. No further
damage was reported and there were no casualties. The
aircraft returned to the Eastward. Spanish batteries
An attempt to introduce a time bomb
concealed in a basket of eggs on board the Dockyard Water
Boat BLOSSOM which
was berthed at Algeciras to take on water, was frustrated
and the saboteur, one
Alfredo Domingo Sanchez, was arrested. This man was
suspected in connection with the incident of a bomb
explosion to the R.A.F. station on 22nd April 1941. A full
report of the Algeciras incident is contained in my
letter No. X 153/04210, and of the R.A.F. Station incident
in my No. X 129/361
of 29th June 19412, para. 22 (b).
The prize crew of six ex the A.B.V.
MARON, which had been overpowered by the crew of the
French JOSEPH ELISE and
interned in Casablanca in May 1941, arrived at Gibraltar
in the Portuguese
NEREIDA on 27th April 1942. In
accordance with Admiralty Letter X 0201202/41 of 31st May
1941, a Board of
Inquiry was held and the findings were forwarded in my
letter No. X 189/1029 of
8th May 1942.
The Italian tankers ARCOLA and TEIGETE
arrived at Gibraltar at 1155/6, were searched and sailed
again for Cadiz for
bottom cleaning at 1830 the same day. The liners SATURNIA
and VULCANIA arrived at Gibraltar at 1540/6, and
after examination, sailed at 1830/7 to St Vincent, Cape
Verde Islands. DUILO and GUILO CESARE arrived at
Gibraltar at 0830/11, and sailed after examination at
1900/11. Full reports of the examination of
these vessels by the Contraband Control Service at
Gibraltar are contained in
Section IV of this report. (n.b. not
contained in my holdings)
II – GENERAL NARRATIVE
Admiral Syfret in MALAYA, HERMIONE, LAFOREY,
ANTHONY, ACTIVE, LIGHTNING (to be
known as Force F) sailed in accordance with A.M.
0003A/31.3.42. The title of Force H lapsed and EAGLE and
ARGUS come under my direct administration.
for U.K. at 1830.
CROOME sailed at 1030 for Freetown, en route to join the
Mediterranean Fleet in accordance
with A.M. 1922A/28.3.42
COLTSFOOT arrived escorting tanker BENEDICK.
from the U.K.
of their A/S sweep, WISHART and WRESTLER altered course to
rendezvous with M.V.s PORTSEA and NAROCZ
off the Tagus and escort them to Gibraltar
reported sighting a submarine in position 50N, 06W at
0700, course 090 degrees, speed 8 knots. The submarine
dived shortly after being
transit aircraft reported a submarine periscope
wake in position 36-56N, 08- 45W,
course 012 degrees at 1658A. WISHART and WRESTLER were
sailed to investigate,
but no contact was made.
0156, a Catalina aircraft of 202 Squadron, at a
height of 2500 feet, made A.S.V. contact with a submarine,
later sighting its
wash at a range of 400 yards, in position 37-37N, 06-22E.
A large patch of oil was seen 4 hours
later. It is possible that this
was the same submarine as was attacked the previous day by
and P 42 sailed at 1700, TAKU to patrol in an
area between latitude 36-25N and the
Coast of Spain and between longitudes 2-00W and 2-35W, and
P 42 to patrol between latitude 36-25N and the
Coast of Spain and between longitudes 02-45W
sailed at 1430 for U.K.
LA MALOUINE arrived escorting the tanker SANDAR.
in the U.K.
aircraft reported a disturbance similar to a wash or swirl
in position 36-58N,
08-55W, at 1336A. No ship was in
sight at the time.
1355, an aircraft observed an unidentified
submarine entering Oran harbour. She was described as a
fairly large ocean going type, gray black hull
with a reddish brown deck. There
appeared to be two jagged holes abaft the conning tower.
was learned from Tangier that the Portuguese
Consul General stated that three German seaplanes flew to
occupied France, and on arrival were dismantled and placed
on a cargo ship and
sent to Dakar. Others were said to
view of the
possibility of the RICHELIEU attempting to pass into the
Mediterranean, V.A.C.N.A. ordered
TAKU and P 42 to return to Gibraltar forthwith
in his signal times 0738A.
and WRESTLER arrived escorting S.S. PORTSEA
27 accompanied by six M.L.s of the 27th Flotilla
sailed to carry out an A/S sweep in the vicinity of
P 611 arrived. P 612,
who was on passage with P 611 from U.K. was ordered to
remain west of 07-00W
42 arrived at Gibraltar at 2048.
at 2100 for U.K.
arrived at 0110.
sailed at 2000A to rendezvous with
PONTYPRIDD, PHILLIP M., KINGSLAND, and EDENCRAG in the
vicinity of Cape St
Vincent, and escort them to Gibraltar. WISHART sailed at
2300A to rendezvous with COREOPSIS and provide
P 612 arrived.
an oil streak 300 yards long by 50 yards in position
35-29N, 03-21W at 1540A
Lisbon, reported that a submarine had
signalled to the Greek MOUNT ETNA at 2115 in position
38-19N, 14-18W. Submarine had asked for name,
destination, and cargo of Greek ship, and then made off in
a W.S.W. direction.
H.G. 81A (Commodore Mackay) sailed at 1700,
escorted by BLACK SWAN, BLUEBELL, MALLOW,
LA MALOUINE, and with local escorts STONECROP (till
daylight on 10th), COLTSFOOT (till dark on 8th), WISHART
WRESTLER (the latter two to part
company at daylight on 9th).
1800 on a working up patrol in an area between latitude
36-25N and the coast of
Spain and between longitudes 02-45N, 03-15W.
Ponta Delgada reported that the Governor of
San Miguel had ordered a blackout of the island. This
entailed the impossibility of sending cables between
2100 and 0700.
with H.M. tug SALVONIA in company and escorted by
WHITEHALL and BLANKNEY sailed at
0800 for U.K.
and COREOPSIS arrived escorting S.S. PHILLIP
M. and KINGSLAND.
aircraft reported sighting a U boat in
position 37-55N, 00-02E at 1715A.
aircraft reported sighting a submarine which dived
in position 068 degrees Cape Palos, 43 miles. No British
or Allied submarines was in the vicinity at the
Madrid reported that an aircraft, believed
Swordfish had crashed and sunk ¾ mile off the Moroccan
coast near Punta
Pescadores. The crew of three were
and MYOSOTIS sailed with the tankers
BENEDICK and SANDAR at 1700 to
escort them until tanker SAN ADOLFO was met – SAN ADOLFO
to be escorted to be escorted to Gibraltar.
escorting S.S. FLAMINIAN to Cape Palos.
s 175 and 172 sailed escorting S.S. PHILLIP M.
to Almeria and S.S. SPERO to Cape Palos.
and CAMPION arrived escorting tanker
611 sailed at 1800A for Alexandria.
arrived at Plymouth at 1334.
and CROOME arrived at Freetown.
despatch from Consul General, Tangier, quoted
American Consul, Tangier's report that HAVOC had beached
near Tunis, the ship
had been destroyed and there were 260 survivors.
sailed at 1000A at best speed to overtake and
provide additional cover for convoy H.G.
Consul General, Algiers, reported that 250 internees
(mostly from HAVOC) were arriving at Algiers.
and BOREAS sailed at 1900A to meet and escort
PENELOPE to Gibraltar. PENELOPE had
been attacked by aircraft en route from Malta to Gibraltar
and was seriously short of ammunition.
Cross ship SILICIA left Gibraltar at 1830B for Ustica
sailed at 1830 with stores for Malta.
and BOREAS were ordered to return to
Gibraltar, having to rendezvous with PENELOPE.
from Malta at 1500.
290, 285, and 296 sailed a.m. to patrol off
Malta in an endeavour to intercept Spanish HIS AFRICA.
arrived at 1800 from escorting convoy H.G.
British civil aircraft reported a large French
tanker in position 39-22N, 09-22W, course 360 degrees,
speed 12 knots at 1457Z.
WRESTLER arrived from escorting convoy H.G. 81.
and BOREAS arrived at 1700, having failed to
and COLTSFOOT sailed at 1025, escorting the
tankers ATHELSULTAN and SANDAR, thence to meet tanker
THORSHOLM and escort her
Hudson reported 10 merchant ships in line ahead one mile
apart, course 340
degrees, 7 knots, and in position 42-22N, 09-32W. Five of
the ships were of over 5000 tons and the escort was
a large merchant vessel. The
aircraft's height was 9000 feet. Recognition signals were
fired by the aircraft, but no acknowledgment
Lisbon reported that a ship of unknown
nationality had been attacked by an unidentified aircraft
at 1700 off Algarve
Coast, near Tavira. The ship was
apparently undamaged and made off in company of several
warships which had come
up during the engagement.
42 sailed at
1700 for patrol in the Mediterranean.
escorted by WHITEHALL and BLANKNEY arrived in U.K.
pay were introduced for locally entered Dockyard workmen,
also a system of free food coupons and a
revised system of sick leave with pay.
and 296 sailed to patrol in area of Cape Tres Forcas in an
endeavour to intercept the Spanish
motor schooner HIS AFRICA, on passage to Melilla
to Malaga with contraband cargo.
position 275 degrees Cape Espichel, 13 miles, reported an
enemy aircraft bearing 120 degrees, 6 miles,
course 180 degrees.
was learned through Consul General, Tangier
that the American Consul at Tunis had
reported on the 23rd March that he had confirmatory
evidence regarding stoppage of traffic from Tunisia to
by rail and road. He suggested
watch be kept for tugs towing barges from
Gabes to Tuara close inshore in shallow waters.
for Gibraltar workmen commenced operations.
and MYOSOTIS arrived, from escorting tanker
ordered by V.A.C.N.A. to return to Gibraltar with moderate
arrived from escorting convoy H.G. 81.
612 sailed for Alexandria at 1700, having been
delayed in Gibraltar by defects.
received that an attack on ships in the harbour by 2 men
submarines might take
place during the present moonless period. ARGUS and
MAIDSTONE were warned to have steam up for slow speed
2100 and 0600 daily, and be ready to run their engines
astern at slow
speed. A boat with small explosive
charges was to be ready to go away from the ships at short
notice during dark
transit aircraft reported sighting a periscope wake
at 1230A in position 36-29N, 07-25W, course 290 degrees;
and at 1246A, in
position 36-27N, 07-12W, on the same course.
CRESSADO was attacked by a Focke Wulf aircraft
in territorial waters off Aveiro at 1930. She sustained no
damage or casualties.
aircraft were reported one mile west of Peniche on a
southerly course at 2030.
Jan Camours, jumped overboard from French trawler KEROMAN,
which was proceeding
westward through the Strait in convoy at 1300. He was
picked up by SAYONARA.
WISHART, VIDETTE, ANTELOPE, and WRESTLER
sailed at 0001 through 36-01N,
06-01, thence 287 degrees 13.
sailed for Freetown at 1700.
U boat was
sighted off Viana at 0800 steering south. It was thought
that this submarine
was covering the passage of Finnish S.S. ERGO.
report stated that during the nights of 14th and 15th
lighthouses and shipping at Casablanca were blacked out.
The city itself remained lighted.
escorted by LORD NUFFIELD sailed at 1000 to
carry out repairs to the Lisbon-Gibraltar
No. 1, and Lisbon-Madiera No.2 cables.
at 1530 in rendezvous with SCOTTISH in position 200
degrees Cape Razo, 5 miles, at 1430/18 to
endeavour to intercept Finnish S.S. ERGO.
EMILE BAUDOT, with COWSLIP was escort, sailed at 1515 for
painted black or grey was sighted at 0935 approximately 30
miles northwest of Cadiz headed westward
(graded B 2)
and CHARYBDIS arrived at 0730.
D 3), PARTRIDGE, ECHO, ITHURIEL, and U.S. destroyers LANG
and MADISON arrived at 1500.
D 3 in
INGLEFIELD sailed at 2100 accompanied by ECHO, PARTRIDGE,
ITHURIEL, LANG, and MADISON to carry out
an A/S sweep to the eastward of Gibraltar
and later to rendezvous with CHARYBDIS and CAIRO.
285 sailed fro Cape Tres Forcas in an endeavour to
intercept Spanish HIS AFRICA sailed from Malaga
having stopped and boarded Portuguese S.S. TRANSPORTADOR,
the crew of which had abandoned ship when
SCOTTISH depth charged a possible
contact. The ship was sent into
Gibraltar under armed guard, and
SCOTTISH later reported that the crew of the ship had
by B.A.D. Washington that 12 Italian U boats might
endeavour to pass from the Mediterranean into the Atlantic
in three groups of four at 24 hour intervals. It was
reported that the first group
would pass on the night of 18th/19th. An A/S sweep by
Captain D 3 and four
destroyers, another sweep by 9 M.L.s,
and a Swordfish A.S.V. patrol were organized, and Force W
reported a possible periscope in position 090 degrees
Europa Point, 17 miles, course east at 1550.
a Focke Wulf aircraft in position 335 degrees Capa
Espichel, 37 miles. No attack developed.
aircraft was reported 2 miles west of Peniche on a
southerly course at 2030.
and CAIRO sailed at 0145 to rendezvous with
Captain D 3 in INGLEFIELD and
four destroyers in position 180 degrees Europa Point, 5
miles at 0230/19. The force was then to proceed in
accordance with orders
issued by Senior Officer, Force W.
WISHART, WRESTLER, and ANTELOPE arrived at
1110 and refuelled, WESTCOTT and ANTELOPE sailing again at
1415 and WISHART and
WRESTLER at 1545, to rejoin Force W.
and COLTSFOOT arrived escorting the tanker
reported what appeared to be a submarine cruising in
38-35N, 09-25W. (graded D.O.)
aircraft reported three submarines, in course
west, in the following positions:
1215 – 37-15N, 04-36E.
1711 – 36-46N, 01-17E.
1755 – 37-09N, 03-24E.
O.G. 82 arrived (Commodore Cdre. Baxter)
escorted by STORK (E.G.36), PENTSTEMON,
VETCH, and CONVOLVULUS.
MYOSOTIS, and STONECROP sailed at 2000 to
carry out an R.D.F. and A/S sweep in the Strait to
westward, returning a.m. on
arrived at 1700 from escorting convoy O.G.
82 – she had been delayed by defects.
at 1620 to refuel – she had been detached from Force W.
121 and 134 sailed p.m. to institute a patrol
off Malaga to endeavour to intercept Spanish HIS AFRICA.
M.L.s 176 and 285 had been patrolling
in the same area with the same object, returned to
at Bathurst at 1530.
Huelva reported that a two engined aircraft
believed British was thought to have crashed 25 kilometers
from Huelva. It was later reported that plane and
bodies were unidentifiable.
American sources, graded B.1, stated that Casablanca
harbour was cleared for
action. Destroyers and PRIMAGUET,
GLOIRE had been shifted to clear fire path. Submarines had
been moved to facilitate their departure.
aircraft reported a submarine in position 35-50N,
02-28W at 1835, course 180 degrees, speed 6 knots. It was
not possible for an attack to be made.
wiping-deperming unit FRANCISCO ANTONIO QUARTO
commenced operating at Gibraltar.
arrived at 0800 en route for Durban via
Freetown, Takoradi, and Simonstown.
INGLEFIELD, ECHO, LANG, and MADISON arrived at
0250 and sailed again at 0625 to rejoin U.S. Aircraft
WISHART, WRESTLER, WESTCOTT, ANTELOPE, PARTRIDGE,
VIDETTE arrived at 1630 from Operation CALENDAR.
and STONECROP sailed at 1900A to carry out an R.D.F. and
A/S sweep in
the Strait to westward, returning a.m. 22nd.
sailed at 0130 in accordance with orders
issued by Senior Officer, Force W.
ordered by signal to endeavour to intercept the Spanish
HIS AFRICA which left
Malaga which left Malaga at 2300A.
arrived at 1800B.
aircraft sighted at 0948A a merchant ship, old cargo, of
2500 tons, escorted by
three trawlers in position 43-19N 09-26W steering 017
degrees at 10 knots.
left patrol to rendezvous with S.S. CRESSADO
and S.S. OPORTO off Oporto at 2000A/21 and escort them
coastwise to the Tagus,
where S.S. SWITZERLAND would meet them.
and ALOUETTE met SCOTTISH (who was
escorting S.S. CRESSADO, OPORTO,
and SWITZERLAND) to take over the escorting of the three
M.V.s to Gibraltar. SCOTTISH proceeded to Y.1 patrol, and
company with COREOPSIS off Spartel
and proceeded to Y.1 patrol.
and MYOSOTIS sailed at 1945 as escort to
tankers SAN ADOLFO and THORSHOLM to part company at
2000/26 and sweep back to
at 1130A for Freetown.
1700 for Alexandria.
and WRESTLER sailed at 2000A to carry out an R.D.F. and
A/S sweep in
the Strait to westward, returning a.m. on the 23rd.
reported on enemy aircraft, type unknown, in
position 39-32N, 09-12W at 0820, and two off Cape
Carvoceiro at 0942.
there were no entries on April 23rd)
arrived escorting the merchant ships
CRESSADO, OPORTO, and SWITZERLAND
a Focke Wulf aircraft in position 39-05N, 09-34W at 1900.
she reported being attacked, and at 2005 another Focke
Wulf attacked. Both
aircraft approached on a course of 180 degrees and
continued in that direction.
sailed at 1800 to meet LLANSTEPHAN CASTLE
– and provide additional escort to
sailed at 1800 for Malta with stores.
at 1930 for Bathurst.
and COLTSFOOT sailed at 2008 to pass through
a position 090 degrees Almins, 4 miles, and carry out an
R.D.F. and A/S sweep
along the coast of Morocco, returning to Gibraltar at
SALISBURY arrived from U.K. – owing to weather and defects
they had been
unable to rendezvous with U.S.S. WASP and had put into
Ponta Delgada, finally
arriving at Gibraltar at 1900.
from Cartagena that A/S defences had been fixed outside
that port and that
ships were instructed to switch on lights and take on a
pilot before entering
from Malta at 1000.
H.G. 82 (Commodore Baxter) sailed at 1700
escorted by STORK (E.G. 36), PENTSTEMON,
GARDENIA, CONVOLVULUS, GERANIUM, AND COLTSFOOT, the two
latter to part company at daylight on May 2nd and return
Cable Vessel EMILE BAUDOT arrived at Freetown.
reported that a reliable source stated that German
aircraft frequently flew over the lighthouse at
Carvoeiro at 1900 G.M.T. from North to South
at a considerable height.
PROVIDENCE passed Gibraltar westbound in convoy with many
soldiers on board.
sailed at 0930 to provide additional escort
for convoy H.G. 82 until prudent
limit of endurance or further orders. She later returned
to harbour with defects.
submarine SOKOL arrived at 1500 from Malta.
sailed at 2300A to provide additional escort
for convoy H.G. 82.
OSKAIG sighted a Spanish cruiser or minelayer in
position 38-36N, 09-31W at 2000A, course south.
transit aircraft reported a periscope in position
40-30N, 08-53W, course 360 degrees at 1215, and another
sighting at 1803 two submarines on the surface in position
course 090 degrees. They dived
shortly after being sighted.
and MYOSITIS arrived at 2000 from escorting
tankers SAN ADOLFO and THORSHOLM.
NECTAN sailed at 1645 to escort S.S. BARON
YARBOROUGH to Melilla for loading, thence back to
aircraft reported sighting at 1355, in position
21-00N, 17-10W, one destroyer and two large ocean type
submarines, course 360
degrees, speed 8 knots. No colours
or identification marks could be seen.
aircraft reported sighting a Vichy convoy of 7 merchant
ships accompanied by a
sloop or escort vessel in position 20-30N, 17-10W, course
360 degrees at 10
aircraft reported a light cruiser or large destroyer in
08-50W, course northwest, speed 15 knots, at 1030A.
men, Dimitri Filippakis and Rene Arnault, jumped
overboard from French M.V. BELLE ISLE which was proceeding
eastward through the
Strait at 1200. They were picked
up by SAYONARA.
1700 two R.A.F. aircraft in position 160 degrees
Tarifa, 7 miles, were fired on from the south side of the
and WRESTLER arrived, escorting LLANSTEPHAN
CASTLE from U.K. at 2030.
reported sighting 6 motor vessels, heavily laden in
position 22-15N, 17-00W, at 1312, course 020 degrees,
aircraft were reported to have passed Cape Roca at 1950
and Peniche at 2000, both on a southerly
convoys, routeing of ships independently, reporting,
issuing of latest
Admiralty Orders to individual ships, issuing of necessary
C.B.s and correction
thereto, and all other work of a Naval Control Service,
carried out as
April - Convoy H.G. 81 sailed consisting
of 17 ships Commodore A.S. Mackay - in S.S. LUBLIN.
April - Admiralty direct that
consideration be given to the sailing of H.G. convoys
before programme date in
view of quicker passages being made by O.G. Convoys (A.M.
April - Convoy O.G. 82 arrived – Commodore
April - Admiralty direct that British
managed tankers bound for West Indies or Gulf of Mexico
should be routed to
Trinidad for orders (1401B/23/4/42).
April - Prohibited area (32 North –
38 North, 66 West to 72 West) for Merchant ships ordered
by Admiralty. (A.M. 0008B/26/4/42).
April - Convoy H.G. 82 sailed consisting
of 29 ships Commodore Baxter in ARDEOLA. Attempt was made
to tow trawler L'ORAGE to U.K. by S.S. TADORNA, but tow
parted in heavy weather off Cape Spartel and L'ORAGE
Gibraltar. TADORNA continuing with
April - Revised instructions received to
Routeing Instructions for shipping in the Atlantic
(Amendment 5 to M.A.R.I.)
Tankers Arrived Gibraltar During April.
(2/4), SANDAR (Norw.) (3/4)
SAN ADOLFO (14/4)
sailed during April.
Tanker BENEDICK sailed to Trinidad escorted by COREOPSIS
and MYOSOTIS until 11th April.
Tankers SANDAR (Norw.) and ATHELSULTAN sailed to Trinidad
and Curacao respectively, escorted by GERANIUM and
COLTSFOOT until 15th April.
April - Tankers
THORSHOLM (Norw.) and SAN ADOLFO sailed to Trinidad and
Curacao, escorted by STONECROP and MYOSOTIS to
approx. 23 degrees West
During the month, 29 vessels have been routed
Gibraltar of which 20 were routed into the Mediterranean.
LETTER OF PROCEEDING – No. 29
of the Vice Admiral Commanding North Atlantic
In view of the possible repercussions resulting from our
occupation of Madagascar, shore establishments were
ordered to take up
sheltered night accommodations as from 2000A/4th, and
consequent on Admiralty's
request that the harbour should be cleared as far as
possible by daylight on
the 5th. LLANSTEPHAN CASTLE, escorted by STONECROP,
MYOSOTIS, and VELOX sailed
Two aircraft on passage reported sighting one battleship
and two destroyers in position 33-30N, 08-25W at 0823/3,
course 220, and at
0835 on a course of 044. The battleship was reported to
and the two destroyers the FANTASQUE class. A
reconnaissance of Dakar at 1400/3
showed ships in their usual positions.
At 0138A/5, RENOWN, CHARYBDIS, ARGUS, and EAGLE were
ordered to raise steam for full speed at 2 hours' notice;
at 1942 a torpedo
striking force of six Swordfish was ordered to be at 1
one's notice until
further orders; instructions were given to all ships that
A.A. armament was to
be at 10 minutes' notice, and full speed at 1 hour's
notice from 0600/5. A
reconnaissance of Dakar at 0845/5 showed ships in usual
positions, as also did
a further reconnaissance on the 6th.
An American report on 6th, reported that JEAN BART might
be moved to the Grand Jetty – she had taken on fuel and it
though she was getting into sea trim. A further American
report of the 7th
stated that JEAN BART might leave Casablanca that night.
Shore leave had been
cancelled and officers and men told to be on board over
night. A reconnaissance
of Casablanca at 1920B/7 showed JEAN BART in her usual
berth, one cruiser, and
Events on the 8th May were as follows: the Swordfish
striking force at North Front was ordered to be at 15
minutes notice from
0300B, but this was extended to 1 hour notice at 1204B.
H.M. Submarine P 42 was
ordered to come to 15 minutes notice from steam from 0400B
and was reverted to
2 hours notice at 1214B; an attempt to reconnoiter
Casablanca by a Fulmar p.m.
was frustrated, the plane being driven off and damaged by
four French fighters;
reconnaissance at 0940 showed JEAN BART in her usual
An American report, graded fact, received through
Tangier, said that cruiser PRIMAUGUET left Casablanca a.m.
on the 9th with
three submarines, direction southwest.
I informed Admiralty in my 1534B/9 that if JEAN BART
attempted to pass into the Mediterranean she would
probably be escorted by
cruisers, destroyers, and fighter aircraft, and action
with escorts would
appear to be inevitable. I intended Senior Officer, Force
W to detach WASP and
American destroyers before engaging.
At 1510B/9, an aircraft reported sighting one battleship
and four destroyers in position 34-20N, 07-05W, course 030
degrees. The ships
appeared to be having gunnery practice. In view of the
received, this ship was thought to be the JEAN BART, and
accordingly all H.M.
Ships at Gibraltar were ordered to have steam for full
speed by 1900, and
merchant ships to have engines ready by the same hour, or
as soon after as
possible. All personnel were recalled from shore to rejoin
their ships. On the
return of the aircraft, it was established that the
"battleship" was, in fact,
a cruiser, and was engaged with the destroyers in gunnery
practice, and that
they had returned to Casablanca after the practice. Ships
in Gibraltar were
therefore ordered to revert to normal notice for steam at
1921/9. The operational
staff returned to The Tower from offices in the Naval
Battle Quarters at
Visual reconnaissance of Casablanca at 0730B/19 revealed
that JEAN BART had been moved, was in the vicinity of the
harbour entrance and
moving seaward. Two Fulmars were flown off EAGLE to
reconnoiter, and the
photographs obtained at 1840B showed that the ship was
lying parallel to, and
about 200 feet from the Jetty Dellure, within the harbour,
and facing eastward.
MALAYA and MAIDSTONE were ordered to have steam at 1
hours notice, P 44 at ½ hour notice, and the Swordfish
striking force at
½ hours notice from 0430/20. A reconnaissance at 0830/20,
showed that JEAN BART had returned to her normal berth,
and ships and the
Swordfish striking force at Gibraltar reverted to normal
U.S. Aircraft Carrier WASP loaded 50 Spitfires in the
Clyde and sailed at 0400Z/2, escorted by INTREPID, ECHO,
and U.S. Destroyers
STERRET and LANG.
WESTCOTT, WISHART, WRESTLER, and ANTELOPE sailed from
Gibraltar at 0001/5 to relieve INTREPID, ECHO, STERRET,
and LANG who arrived at
Gibraltar to fuel at 1800B/7.
Commodore C.S. Daniel, Senior Officer, Force W, in
RENOWN, EAGLE, CHARYBDIS, STERRET, LANG, ECHO, INTREPID,
SALISBURY, GEORGETOWN, and VIDETTE sailed at 0130B/8 to
rendezvous off Europa
Point at 0030A with WASP and escort. GEORGETOWN was
detached from the force at
0930 on account of defects, and arrived at Gibraltar at
On being joined by S.O. "W", and escort, WESTCOTT,
WISHART, WRESTLER, and ANTELOPE were detached to Gibraltar
to fuel. WESTCOTT,
WISHART, and ANTELOPE arrived at 1250B and WRESTLER at
1425B. WESTCOTT and
ANTELOPE sailed again at 1720, WISHART at 1800 and
WRESTLER at 2206, to rejoin
17 Spitfires were flown off EAGLE and 47 from WASP in
mean position 37-48N, 01-06E between 0638 and 0735. One
crashed on taking off,
one force landed on WASP, one landed in Africa, and a
fourth in the sea near
Malta. The planes arrived at Malta in the middle of a raid
and were refuelled
and in action within 35 minutes of landing, destroying or
damaging 30 enemy
aircraft for the less of 3 Spitfires in their first
INTREPID, ECHO, STERRET, LANG, SALISBURY, and ITHURIEL
were detached to Gibraltar during the night of the
9th/10th to refuel, and
sailed again at 0600 to rejoin WASP and RENOWN and escort
them to U.K. ITHURIEL
sailed from Gibraltar at 0800 to provide additional escort
until 1400B/12 when
she was detached to join PARTRIDGE and escort MALAYA to
Gibraltar. STERRET who
was delayed at Gibraltar through a fouled propeller,
sailed at 0100B/10 to
rejoin WASP and RENOWN.
The remainder of the force arrived at Gibraltar at
Admiralty's 1817B/6 states that the 15 Spitfires
remaining at Gibraltar, together with the six Albacores
which were to have been
flown off during Operation PICKET were to be flown off to
Malta as soon as
possible after the completion of Operation BOWERY.
Plans were made for the operation to start on the 14th,
but it was delayed by the necessity for providing a
destroyer escort from
Freetown to Gibraltar.
WISHART, PARTRIDGE, and ITHURIEL sailed at 0950/17,
ARGUS and CHARYBDIS at 1015, and EAGLE, ANTELOPE,
WRESTLER, and WESTCOTT at 1330
and proceeded eastward at 17 knots. VIDETTE had been
delayed by defects and
sailed at 1535, but was sent back as being unreliable.
In position 36-30N, 01-50W, at 2358/17 CHARYBDIS dropped
three depth charges on what appeared to be the swirl and
was of a submarine
diving. No contact was obtained.
At 0830/18 in position 37-07N, 01-50E, CHARYBDIS and
PARTRIDGE sighted three torpedo attacks. PARTRIDGE gained
a firm contact and
carried out a depth charge attack, but with no visible
results. At 1007, the
doubtful report of a U Boat periscope resulted in ITHURIEL
dropping one depth
charge and an investigation by WESTCOTT, but no
confirmation of the presence of
a U boat was obtained.
At 1140 a Catalina aircraft on advance patrol for ARGUS
was shot down by French aircraft 20 miles north of
Algiers. A full report of
this incident is contained in my letter to Admiralty No.
X. 302/401 off 11th
At 1320 an attempt was made to fly off the Spitfires,
but low wind velocity precluded it. At 1440, the first
flight of Spitfires was
flown off in position 37-32N, 01-58E, and the second
flight at 1515 in position
37-33N, 03-02E. The take offs were without incident.
The six Albacores were flown off at 1930 in position
37-39N, 04-02E, but they all returned and landed on
The force had frequently been reported by enemy craft,
and shadowing aircraft were intermittently seen and
engaged when within range. Between
2130 and 2215 the force was attacked by torpedo carrying
aircraft believed to
be Italian S.M. 79s. EAGLE and ARGUS were near missed but
resulted in no casualties being sustained.
Enemy reconnaissance aircraft were sighted at 0949/19
and 1119/19, the latter aircraft being observed in the
vicinity until 1315. They
were engaged by gunfire when within range.
EAGLE, CHARYBDIS, ITHURIEL, and WESTCOTT arrived at
Gibraltar at 0430; ARGUS, WRESTLER, ANTELOPE, WISHART, and
PARTRIDGE at 0700;
HYTHE and rescue tug SALVONIA (who had sailed at 0790/18 (n.b.
time is given at 1790) to patrol in an area in the
of Cape de Gata, out of sight of land) returned to
Gibraltar at 0730.
STORES TO MALTA IN WELSHMAN
WELSHMAN left Plymouth at 1600/1st May carrying
passengers, ammunition, and stores for Malta. She was to
embark at Gibraltar as
such of the consignment of smoke containers (which had
arrived at Gibraltar in
the LLANSTEPHAN CASTLE) as could be carried. She arrived
at Gibraltar a.m. on
4th and embarked 7 tons of smoke containers.
It was intended that WELSHMAN should proceed to Malta
under cover of Operation BOWERY, but that she should not
arrive at Malta before
the completion of this operation, so that adequate air
cover would be available
from Malta. She was accordingly sailed from Gibraltar at
0200A/8, arriving at
Malta at 0525/10. She cut two mines near Malta, but
otherwise the passage was
While at Malta there were three heavy air raids in the
immediate vicinity of WELSHMAN, but a smoke screen, heavy
A.A. fire, and a
power fighter protection (as a result of the successful
Operation BOWERY), prevented more than near misses being
resultant damage was slight, though one rating was killed
and there were some
It was proposed to sail WELSHMAN to Alexandria to embark
certain stores for Malta, prior to her return to Gibraltar
but the disposition
of enemy forces, coupled with the fact that the stores
were not vitally
necessary, did not warrant the risks so involved, and she
was accordingly sailed
for Gibraltar at 2120/10, having embarked 143 passengers.
During the return passage, she passed south of Sardinia
in daylight, but her French disguise may have misled to JU
88s as they did not
attack. She arrived at Gibraltar at 1900B/12 and sailed
for Milford Haven
VIGO AS A U BOAT REFUELLING BASE
The case of the use of Vigo as a refuelling and
reprovisioning base for U boats, although now considerably
from our point of view, still gives rise to a certain
amount of uneasiness.
Rumours, increasing in persistence, have been current
over a considerable time. Colour was lent to these rumours
and reports by the
presence of the German tankers ANTARKTIS and NORD
ATLANTIC, and the cargo ship
BESSED. The latter was fitted with tanker in No. 2 hold at
Ferrol in September
It was not until a concrete case had been established
that a U boat had entered Vigo on the night of the
14th/15th December, however,
that promise of action to prevent this violation of
neutrality was forthcoming
from the Spanish government.
Personal investigations of the conditions existing in
the port, were made by the British Naval Attache, Madrid,
which revealed that,
up to 30th January, 1942, no orders for the promised
precautions had been
received in Vigo.
According to a report from the British Naval Attache,
the Minister of Marine was prevented from having the crews
removed from the
German ships, and from putting guards on boat by the
Minister of Foreign
Affairs. The Minister of Marine, however, is stated to
have given orders for
extra vigilance and to have stationed two torpedo boats at
Vigo. He is further
reported by the British Naval Attache to have expressed
himself as being
dissatisfied with the situation, and to have been openly
and savagely against
the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
On 14th February 1942, the British Naval Attache
reported that the Minister of Marine had said that he had
at last received
satisfaction, and that armed guards would e placed on
board each German ship as
from 16th February. For various reasons, the Spanish
Government were unable to
agree to the removed of the crews, and he added tat he had
only obtained guards
in the face of opposition and German pressure.
In the meantime, reports continue to come to hand of
quantities of supplies for these ships arriving at Vigo in
lorries, and that new German seaman had arrived.
On 15th May 1942, H.B.M., Consul, Vigo reported that the
tankers were near the Naval Base with Spanish guards on
board every night, and
that he was assured by the Marine Commandante that no U
boats could go
alongside without his knowledge. On 17th May, he amplified
his report by
stating that guards were placed on board the two tankers
only, and this only at
This matter was taken up with the British Naval Attache,
Madrid, who reported on the 25th May that he had learned
from the Minister of
Marine that the Commanding Officer of the Spanish cruiser
NAVARRO, who is
responsible for the guards, had apparently misinterpreted
his instructions and
not placed guards on BESSEL, as he considered it
unnecessary. Nothing could go
alongside her without observation, either from the Naval
Base of from the
guards in the tankers. The Minister had now, however,
given orders in his
presence that guards should also be placed in BESSEL.
It was appear from the foregoing that it is not intended
to sacrifice these facilities lightly, and that the
situation should continue
to be watched carefully.
MOTOR LAUNCHES AT GIBRALTAR
The M.L. Flotillas at present at Gibraltar are
Flotilla 121 (Senior Officer), 134, 135, 168
Flotilla 172 (Senior Officer), 170, 173, 174, 175, and
Flotilla 301 (Senior Officer), 278, 285, 287, 290, 296,
Flotilla 469 (Senior Officer), 458, 459, 462, 463, 471,
1309/2.5.42 stated that the 27th Flotilla would
shortly leave Gibraltar for West Africa. The employment of
Flotillas will then be as follows:
3rd Flotilla Being fitted with deck thanks, these M.L.s
have a long range and endurance, and would be used to
convoying and special duties. A training program has been
drawn up and brought
9th Flotilla Being fitted with torpedo tubes to form
part of the Strait Defence Force; they will also be used
for local patrols.
29th Flotilla To be used on local patrols, valuable
working up practice being gained thereby.
Ships by V.A.C.N.A.
My signal times 1202A/2.5.42 asked Admiralty whether
Force W should remain in being when not actually engaged
in operations. Admiralty's
reply, time 1855B/4 confirmed that Force W should remain
in being only when
engaged in operations, and that I should administer
RENOWN, CHARYBDIS, EAGLE,
and ARGUS at other times. Admiralty's 2242B/16 stated that
and PARTRIDGE were to operate under my orders until
attack on VALE FORMOSA II
The VALE FORMOSA II, carrying approved Swiss cargo, was
encountered by P 42 in position 43-45N, 07-53E at daylight
on 26th April. As
she was in a "free for all" area and 50 miles from her
authorized route, she
was not identified, and in the ensuing action she was hit
once by the 3" gun
and several times by machine guns. P 42 spoke to the ship
in Italian only, and
the VALE FORMOSA II, on arrival at Gibraltar, reported
that she had been
attacked by an Italian submarine. The only evidence that
that the submarine was
British was the fuze cap of the shell, which was recovered
and is now in the
hands of the naval authorities at Gibraltar.
(n.b. any page
following page 6 of PART I is not held)
– GENERAL NARRATIVE
WISHART, GEORGETOWN, VIDETTE, WRESTLER sailed at
1330 on an A/S patrol to the Eastward, returning to
Gibraltar by 0600A in order
to exercise with ARGUS.
135 and 305 sailed at 1645 to escort S.S. NEWTON PINE
to Melilla to load, thence back to Gibraltar.
U boat was estimated to be in the Western Mediterranean
between longitude 00 and 02 West at 0214.
1330A a Hudson aircraft attacked a U boat in position
36-40N, 01-55W. The result of the attack was unknown.
1550A, a Hudson aircraft sighted a U boat on the surface
course 090, speed 8 knots, in position 37-00N, 01-00E. A
later report stated
that the submarine was disabled on the surface. WISHART
and WRESTLER were
detached from the five destroyers on the A/S hunt, to
attack her, and a further
Hudson was despatched from Gibraltar at 1700. Search was
made until 1030/2, but
no contact was made.
42 reported at 2222, a U boat in position 36-32N, 01-01W,
course 070, speed 14 knots. It was thought that this was
the same submarine as
that sighted by the Hudson at 1330. P 42 attacked with her
torpedoes, but missed. The remaining three destroyers of
the A/S hunt were
searching in this vicinity by midnight.
tug SALVONIA left Campbeltown to rendezvous with
convoy O.G. 83 for Gibraltar.
Lisbon reported that enemy aircraft were seen
heading north off Peniche at 1800 and off Cape Roca at
1845, IMPERIALIST opened fire on a Focke Wulf aircraft 24
miles west of Cape Espichel, scoring hits with Bofors gun.
This aircraft was
last seen losing height rapidly and closing the shore; it
later forced landed
at Apulia Beach and was destroyed by the crew.
sailed at 0900 to relieve LORD NUFFIELD who was
escorting the Cable Ship MIRROR.
1900, S.S. LEADGATE sighted a Focke Wulf off Huelva. This
aircraft came out over the land and proceeded south
Ponta Delgada reported that tankers carrying
aviation spirit are not allowed to enter inside the
harbour, and consequently
have to anchor outside in an exposed position.
and WESTCOTT were ordered to discontinue the hunt
for the damaged submarine until further notice.
was reported from Cartagena that a German U boat which
had been damaged by aircraft depth charges had been towed
inside the reef at
1315. It had a defective dynamo causing loss of fuel, and
damaged periscope and
121 and 134 sailed at 0001 to meet and escort P 42 to
42 arrived from patrol at 2000. She had obtained one
torpedo hit on an unescorted 4000 ton merchant ship which
1309B detailed the 27th M.L. Flotilla for West
Africa, and V.A.C.N.A. was requested to sail the Flotilla
to the port indicated
1412 an aircraft attacked a U boat in position 37-32N,
00-10E. WISHART and WRESTLER commenced searching at 1520,
and at 1625 180
degrees, 2 miles from this position, a firm contact was
obtained and attacks
were carried out with Hedgehogs. Contact was lost at 1850.
At 2130 WISHART
gained a firm contact and made two attacks. A large patch
of thin oil, similar
to shale oil, was observed half a mile to windward of the
search revealed nothing.
arrived at Malta
arrived at 0600 from escorting convoy H.G. 82.
sailed at 1615 to escort PENCARROW to Melilla to
load and thence back to Gibraltar.
CARINA sailed at 1415 to escort S.S. OGMORE CASTLE to
Almeria to load, thence back to Gibraltar.
WISHART, VIDETTE, WRESTLER, and GEORGETOWN arrived
at 2300 from the A/S sweep. A full report was signalled to
V.A.C.N.A.'s 1330B/5th May.
transit aircraft reported a Vichy convoy of 7 merchant
ships and one escort in position 27-31N, 13-40W at 1229,
course 010, speed 8
knots. A further convoy of 3 merchant ships and a sloop or
sighted in position 26-20N, 14-21W, course 200, speed 8
arrived a.m. from U.K.
CASTLE sailed for U.K. at 2200A , escorted by
STONECROP, MYOSOTIS, and VELOX. VELOX was to part company
in position 40-01N,
18-59E and proceed to Ponta Delgada to fuel, thence to
and COLTSFOOT arrived at 1800 from escorting convoy
blasting operations at North Front at 2000, a rating
who was sitting in the sleeping quarters of the R.N. Air
Section, was injured
by a piece of falling rock. Fortress Headquarters was
asked to define an area
which might be dangerous owing to blasting operations.
Hudson aircraft reported sighting a U boat in position
25-38N, 14-58W at 1105, course 135. Submarine crash dived
while the aircraft
was still two miles distant, and no attack was made.
GEORGETOWN, SALISBURY, and ITHURIEL sailed at 1630
for an A/S sweep to westward.
Attache, Madrid, reported that the A/S net in the boom
outside Cartagena harbour is 8 metres in depth and
stretches from Santa Ana
Buoy to Western Navidad breakwater. A passage 60 meters
wise is left at nights.
A naval tug is available to give assistance to vessels
U boat was reported by a Fulmar aircraft at 1355 in
position 36-36N, 07-12W. The U boat crash dives. Search by
revealed nothing, and it is considered that the sighting
Swordfish aircraft of 824 Squadron forced landed in the
sea off Tarifa Point at 0159.
GEORGETOWN, SALISBURY, and ITHURIEL returned to
Gibraltar at 1430 from the A/S sweep to westward.
reported that the destination of the 27th M.L.
Flotilla was to be Freetown.
Lisbon reported that 7 aircraft had been seen
heading north at 1000.
German aircraft was seen off Sagres at 0835, course
northwest. Similar aircraft was seen later off Cape Roca
and Peniche on a
was learned through Naval Attache, Madrid, that the
Minister of Foreign Affairs stated that the German U boat
in Cartagena would
require two or three months for repairs.
in position 318 degrees Cape Espichel, 24 miles,
reported one enemy aircraft bearing 045 degrees, 3 miles,
NUFFIELD sailed at 1700 to relieve COREOPSIS who was
escorting Cable Ship MIRROR, operating in approximate
position 37-31N, 10-11W.
sailed at 1600 to carry out an R.D.F. and A/S search
between the Spanish Coast and Alboran Island.
left Ponta Delgada at 1330Z and proceeded to Bathurst.
sailed from Freetown at 1900, escorted by BOREAS and
WILD SWAN. She sailed in the direction of Cape Verde
Islands so as to be
available in case RICHELIEU should break out to
arrived at 1610 from the A/S and R.D.F. sweep to
French submarines (one identified as VENGEUR) escorted
by the Armed Trawler LA HAVRAISE, passed through the
Strait, eastbound at 1405.
sailed at 2300B for New York, via Bermuda for
arrived at 2010B from escorting Cable Vessel
minesweeping trawlers HYTHE and RYE left Londonderry
p.m. for Alexandria, via Gibraltar and the Cape.
Naval Attache, Lisbon, reported that the British
Overseas Airways aircraft CHAMPION had sighted submarines
on the surface 40
miles west of Cape St Vincent, course 128 degrees, at 0638
G.M.T. They replied
correctly to the aircraft's challenge. They appeared to be
and COLTSFOOT sailed at 1420 to meet the tanker
SANDAR and escort her to Gibraltar.
O.G. 83 escorted by BLACK SWAN, CAMPION, MALLOW, and
JONQUIL arrived at 0015.
sailed at 0100 to rendezvous with ITHURIEL in
position 28-50N, 13-02W at 1400B/12 and proceed to meet
MALAYA (who was being
escorted by BOREAS and WILD SWAN) at 0100B/13, and escort
her to Gibraltar. BOREAS
and WILD SWAN were detached to Bathurst on arrival of
PARTRIDGE and ITHURIEL.
and MYOSOTIS arrived at 0735, having provided
escort for LLANSTEPHAN CASTLE.
44 arrived at 1500 from U.K. She had attacked a homeward
bound U boat in position 45-08N, 12-58W on 7th May, on
broad track angle, running
range 9000 yards. One explosion was heard after 9 ½
minutes, though no
proof of his was obtained.
arrived at Bathurst at 1815Z.
Naval Attache, Lisbon reported that the Secretary to
the American Naval Attache in Rome had stated that 10 Axis
U boats, mostly new
ones, had been ordered to leave Trieste on 1st May for
Bordeaux, and that they
would be used for operations in ......(n.b.
sailed at 2200B for U.K.
report from the British Consul, Cartagena, stated that it
was probable that the German U boat which had entered
Cartagena on the 2nd May
could not be repaired at that port. The local Admiral was
insisting on the
internment of the crew.
and ST NECTAN sailed at 0200 to meet the tanker
COWRIE and escort her to Gibraltar.
and COLTSFOOT arrived at 0400 from endeavouring to
meet the tanker SANDAR. The information that the tanker,
had, in fact been sunk
on 2nd May, was unknown to V.A.C.N.A. at the time the
escort vessels were
sailed from Gibraltar. The undesirability of escort
vessels being kept to sea
for three days unnecessarily as the result of the non
receipt of this
information, was stressed in V.A.C.N.A.'s signal timed
HOGARTH sailed at 1400/14 to relieve LORD NUFFIELD who
was escorting Cable Ship MIRROR.
on "T" patrol was ordered to leave patrol as
necessary to rendezvous with S.S. CITY OF LANCASTER,
EMPIRE SNIPE, and GUIDO
off Lisbon and escort them to Gibraltar.
SWAN, CAMPION, MALLOW, STONECROP, MYOSOTIS, and
GEORGETOWN were sailed at 1500B to rendezvous with convoy
S.L. 109 in position
34-22, 19-01W. BLACK SWAN and the 37th Escort Group were
to take over the
escorting from LANDGUARD (n.b. LANGUARD
in text) and the 40th Escort Group, and were to
take the convoy to U.K. the
40th Escort Group returning to Gibraltar. GEORGETOWN was
to be fuelled at sea
if possible, and remain with the convoy to U.K. If oiling
at sea was not
practical, she was to return at prudent limit of endurance
reported an Asdic contact at 2010B in position 37-58N,
13-17W. An attack was carried out, but contact was lost
and no results were
escorted by PARTRIDGE and ITHURIEL arrived at 2000B.
Hudson aircraft engaged an enemy aircraft in position 270
degrees Cape Palos, 10 miles at 1735. The enemy broke off
– no damage having been received by the Hudson.
1230Z, A Sunderland sighted a merchant ship in company
with a submarine in position 44-07N, 09-09W, course 100
degrees, speed 17
knots. The Sunderland attacked but the results are
trawlers HYTHE and RYE arrived from U.K. at
transit aircraft reported a submarine with a large conning
tower in position 43-40N, 08-25W at 1117 G.M.T. steering
Consul, Cartagena, reported that the damaged U boat
at that port could not be repaired, and that the crew
would be interned.
1300, a man jumped from Vichy French S.S. HOGGAR which
was proceeding westward through the Strait in convoy. He
was picked up by the
French escort vessel, and was seen to be manhandled for
290 and 285 sailed at 2200 through 090 degrees Europa
4 miles, to carry out an A/S sweep along the Spanish coast
as far East as
Estepona Light, thence back to Gibraltar, keeping just
OSKAIG reported beating off two Focke Wulf aircraft at
1845 G.M.T. 4 miles north of Cape Roca. The aircraft were
last seen flying
south at 300 feet. An unreliable report received later
stated that one aircraft
British Consul, Cartagena, reported that a large German
submarine had entered Ferrol on 17th, gone in to the Naval
Yard and left again
later the same day.
in position 308 degrees Cape Espichel, 15 miles,
sighted a Focke Wulf aircraft four miles distant, course
south at 2030, and
another at 2045 also flying south at a height of 50 feet.
and RYE sailed at 1230 to west and escort tanker
COWRIE to Gibraltar. JONQUIL and ST NECTAN had sailed on
the 14th to meet the
tanker, but had failed to do so. JONQUIL and ST NECTAN
were ordered to alter
course to meet and escort tanker BENEDICK to Gibraltar.
285, 287, 290, 296, 301, 302, 305 sailed at 1200 to
meet merchant ships VANELLUS, KERMA, and BLAIR ESK off
Cape St Vincent at
daylight on 19th and escort them to Gibraltar.
Consul Cartagena reported that the number of the
damaged German submarine was 232. (Note: Latest reports
state that the number
is four hundred and something, not 232).
Vessel MIRROR, escorted by LADY HOGARTH, arrived at
168 sailed at 2200 to carry out an A/S sweep along the
Spanish coast was far as Estepona Light, keeping just out
of sight of land,
thence back to Gibraltar.
men, Louis Sanceau and Gilbert Levay, jumped overboard
from the Vichy French S.S. LORRAIN which was passing
westbound through the
Strait in convoy at 1330. They were picked up by SAYONARA
and landed at
in position 160 degrees Cape Trafalgar, 8 miles,
sighted an enemy aircraft bearing 160 degrees, distant 7
miles, course 090
degrees at 1514.
was received that a submarine of unknown nationality
had been seen 3 miles north of Cape Villano.
(E.G. 40), BIDEFORD, HASTINGS, and LULWORTH arrived
at 1830. They had been detached from convoy S.L. 109 on
the arrival of BLACK
SWAN and the 36th Escort Group.
OSKAIG, escorting BLAIRDEVON from Oporto, arrived at
302 and 305 sailed at 2200 to carry out an A/S sweep
along the Spanish coast as far as Estepona Light, thence
back to Gibraltar.
in position 300 degrees Cape Espichel, 9 miles,
sighted a Focke Wulf aircraft bearing 260 degrees distant
2 ¼ miles,
course 180 degrees, flying at 300 feet at 2115.
and RYE arrived at 0800.
H.G. 83 (Commodore G.N. Jones) sailed at 1800
escorted by LANGUARD (E.G. 40), BIDEFORD, COREOPSIS, (to
U.K. for refit),
LULWORTH, and VIDETTE. HASTINGS was delayed by defects.
301, 290, 278, 302, and 305 sailed at 2200 –
M.L.s 302 and 278 to carry out a continuous/surface sweep
between Europa Point
and Marbella, keeping with 4 miles of the coast, and the
remaining M.L.s to
carry out an A/S coastwise along the Moroccan coast from
Gibraltar to longitude
04-30E, keeping within four miles of the coast.
was reported that the Portuguese S.S. LUANGO had been
stopped by a German U boat at 2100 G.M.T. in position
sailed at 0600 to overtake and provide additional
escort for convoy H.G. 83 until daylight 24th, when she
and VIDETTE were to
part company and sweep back to Gibraltar.
and RYE sailed at 0810 to meet the 29th M.L. Flotilla
and S.S. EMPIRE CONRAD and escort them to Gibraltar. HYTHE
was later ordered to
proceed to "T" patrol, as SPIRAEA (who was escorting the
M.L. Flotilla and the
merchant vessel from U.K.) was instructed to continue to
Gibraltar on being
joined by RYE.
sailed at 0900 to join convoy H.G. 83 and provide
escort to U.K. She had been delayed at Gibraltar with
in position 180 degrees Cape Espichel, 6 miles,
sighted three enemy aircraft, probably Focke Wulfs, course
180 degrees, height
and COLTSFOOT sailed escorting the outward bound
tanker COWRIE, thence to meet the tanker ANDREA BROVIG and
escort her to
CARINA and LORD NUFFIELD sailed at 1600 to meet the
tanker SLEMDAL and escort her to Gibraltar.
278 and 185 sailed at 0001, for an A/S sweep along the
Spanish coast to Estepona Light, thence back to Gibraltar.
General, Lisbon, reported that S.S. SUELVA would
probably be sailing from Oporto on the night of the 23rd.
She carried a
valuable cargo for Germany, including 400 tons of coffee.
44 sailed for working up patrol south of Alboran Island at
escorted by PARTRIDGE and ITHURIEL sailed at 0200. ARGUS
was to proceed to the U.K. and PARTRIDGE and ITHURIEL to
return to Gibraltar on
arrived at 1230 from U.K.
and WRESTLER arrived at 0700 from providing
additional escort to convoy H.G. 83.
VIDETTE, ANTELOPE, WRESTLER, and WESTCOTT sailed at
1500 for night firing practice, returning at 2220.
transit aircraft reported sighting a U boat in position
36-22N, 01-12W at 0531Z, course 250 at 110 knots. It
crashed dived on being
sighted. It resembled the Italian GALVANI class.
44 reported sighting one French destroyer escorting two
submarines, course 290 degrees, in position 35-50N,
sailed at 1500 for U.K.
43 arrived at 1016 and P 211 at 1440, both from U.K.
301, 278, 296, 302, and 305 were sailed at 1400 to
rendezvous with ALOUETTE who was escorting EMPIRE TERN,
MERKLAND, FINLAND, and
EMPIRE KESTREL and provide additional escort to Gibraltar.
and ST NECTAN arrived escorting the tanker BENEDICK.
and RYE arrived escorting S.S. EMPIRE CONRAD and the
29th M.L. Flotilla.
and ITHURIEL were ordered to part company with
ARGUS and return to Gibraltar at best speed to arrive, if
arrived from Alexandria.
2345 a Catalina aircraft sighted and attacked a U boat in
position 37-38N, 02-05E.
arrived at Clyde at 1600.
and ITHURIEL arrived from escorting ARGUS at 2030.
1645, a Sunderland attacked a U boat in position 38-04N,
02-22E; the U boat was left damaged on the surface.
CHARYBDIS, WESTCOTT, and
WRESTLER were sailed at 2000 to endeavour to intercept and
submarine, no contact was made however.
Master of S.S. EGYPTIAN reported that in an encounter
with an enemy plane at 2230, approximately three miles
south of Cezimbra, three
flares were dropped, but no bombs. He considered that the
plane, which flew off
low in a Northerly direction, was damaged by ship's
sailed for U.K. at 1700, escorted by MINNA to
position 38-05N, 11-10W.
sailed at 0800 to meet tanker KENTUCKY and escort
her to Gibraltar.
CARINA and LORD NUFFIELD arrived escorting the tanker
44 was ordered to leave patrol p.m./30th and return to
and COLTSFOOT arrived escorting the tanker ANDREA
transit aircraft reported a U boat in position 37-09N,
00-47E at 0735B, course unknown. This submarine was not
considered to be the
one for which CHARYBDIS, WESTCOTT, and WRESTLER were
WESTCOTT, and WRESTLER were ordered to abandon
the hunt for the damaged U boat at 1700 if nothing had
been sighted, and return
Lisbon reported enemy aircraft off Peniche at 1800
G.M.T. heading south.
sailed for Malta with stores at 1750.
WESTCOTT, and WRESTLER arrived at 2000.
OSKAIG reported engaging a Focke Wulf aircraft in
position 38-45N, 09-34W. The aircraft was believed hit,
and was last seen
losing height and flying inland north of Cape Espichal.
Frenchman Jean Le Cloarec, jumped overboard from S.S.
AISNE, a French ship proceeding escorted westbound through
the Strait. He was
picked up by SAYONARA.
Naval Attache, Madrid, reported that in a "note
verbale" the Minister of Foreign Affairs had stated that
the German submarine
at Cartagena had been granted three months from
1300/3.5.42 in which to
Lisbon reported a plane heading south off Cape Roca
at 1900 G.M.T.
GERANIUM, and SPIRAEA sailed at 2130 escorting the
tankers BENEDICK, COWRIE, and ANDREA BROVIG until dark/4th
sweeping back to Gibraltar.
44 arrived from patrol off Melilla at 1030.
of convoys, routing of independent ships,
promulgation of latest Admiralty Instructions to merchant
vessels, issue and
withdrawal of C.B.s and routine work of Naval Control
Service carried out as
83 arrived 10th May
83 consisting of 20 ships (with Commodore G.N. Jones in
S.S. OUSEL) sailed 21st May, after postponement due to
escorts being required
to take over another convoy.
20th, Tanker COWRIE arrived from Trinidad
27th, Tanker BENEDICK arrived from Trinidad
29th, Norwegian tanker SLEMDAL arrived from Trinidad
29th, Norwegian tanker ANDREA BROVIG arrived from
BENEDICK, and ANDREA BROVIG sailed 31st May for
Trinidad after delay to COWRIE caused by engine defects.
SLEMDAL on Admiralty
orders sailed for Lisbon on 4th June.
27th S.S. EMPIRE CONRAD arrived from U.K. with
government stores and service personnel. During the month
22 vessels in
addition to the tankers mentioned above have been routed
16 into the Mediterranean.
May, Admiralty abolished use of reference positions and
Convoy secret positions in certain cases where secure
recoding tables are held
by merchant ships.
May, Admiralty promulgated new organisation for
broadcast to merchant ships to be known as B.A.M.S.
(Broadcast to Allied
Merchant Ships) to take over the place of the G.B.M.S.
May, Admiralty gave instructions that, in future, ships
whilst in Spanish or Portuguese waters need have only 20,
instead of 26, days
May, Commander Pegler, Pay Lieutenant Amery arrived.
May, Commander Heycock, Lieutenant Commander Skinnard,
Pay Lieutenant Commander Wright, Pay Lieutenant Stocks
left for U.K.
May, Commander Pegler took over duties of Naval Control
Service Officer from Captain Byron.
Thompson who also arrived on 1st May, is attached to the
Naval Control Service as Convoy Signal Officer.
Control Service Officer
ATLANTIC LETTER OF PROCEEDING – No. 30
Remarks of the Vice Admiral Commanding
of this name)
EMPIRE CONRAD, who left the Clyde on 20th May, brought 32
Spitfires and R.A.F. personnel to Gibraltar. The aircraft
were assembled aboard EAGLE, and EAGLE,
CHARYBDIS, WESTCOTT, WISHART, ITHURIEL, PARTRIDGE, and
ANTELOPE sailed at
0445/2 to the eastward at 17 knots. Position 37-48N,
02-47E was reached at 0600/3, and in this area four
flights of Spitfires totaling 31 machines, were flown off
between 0600 and
0827. 27 aircraft arrived safely
at Malta, four having been lost in action against a force
of ME 109s off
the return journey, the Force was shadowed and reported
intermittently by enemy
aircraft, which were fired on when within range. An
alteration of course was made to avoid U boats which
might have been homed by the shadowing aircraft, and the
Gibraltar Harbour at 0615/4 without further incident.
cased Spitfires and R.A.F. personnel were brought to
Gibraltar in S.S. HOPETARN
which sailed from U.K. on 26th May, the aircraft being
assembled on board EAGLE
CAIRO, who had been sailed for Gibraltar from U.K. for the
arrived at 0900/7.
CHARYBDIS sailed at 2130/7 and feinted to the westward,
to the east and joining EAGLE, CAIRO, WESTCOTT, WISHART,
ANTELOPE and WRESTLER (who had left Gibraltar at 0920/8),
in position 090
degrees Europa Point, 40 miles, at 1200/8. All the
aircraft were flown off in position 37-18N, 02-30E
between 0600 and 0730/9, and all 32 aircraft landed safely
Force was shadowed by an enemy aircraft, and reported by a
U boat, but nothing
eventuated, and the Force arrived safely back at Gibraltar
at 0730 and 0930/10.
This operation was to pass five merchant ships and the
through the Western Mediterranean to Malta. Another convoy
of 10 ships, CENTURION, and a fast oiler was
to be sailed simultaneously from the Eastern End of the
Oiler KENTUCKY. U.S.A. Tanker KENTUCKY arrived at
Gibraltar from Philadelphia on 2nd June and was fitted
with paravanes and
Motor Launches. On 21st May, Admiralty asked CinC
Mediterranean if he wished eight M.L.s to be passed
through with the
convoy. CinC Mediterranean
considered that there was little prospect of getting them
from Malta to
Alexandria and asked V.A.M. for his remarks. V.A.M. was
not enthusiastic about their capabilities, and
suggested that not more than two should accompany the
convoy. CinC Mediterranean asked for four to be
sent to enable V.A.M. to keep two serviceable. Admiralty
agreed, but later ordered two additional boats to
be sent. Before leaving, four of
the M.L. had their 3 pdrs replaced by a second Oerlikon,
and the remaining two,
who were fitting with Rolls 2 pdrs, had a second Oerlikon
fitted after. All six were also fitted with one leg
of Mark V Oropesa Minesweeping outfit. A proposal to fit
armour plating as a protection against air attack was
turned down by Admiralty.
HYTHE and RYE had been sailed for Gibraltar, and
WHITEHAVEN, SEAHAM, and BOSTON for Suez early in May, so
that they could
accompany a convoy from either direction. Admiralty stated
that it was impracticable to send the small craft for
which V.A.M. had asked, and HEBE and SPEEDY were sailed
from Greenock for
Gibraltar at 2359 on 3rd June.
Submarines. The following submarines were sailed to
establish patrols in
connection with the operation:
P 42 sailed at 1700/3 to patrol in
vicinity of position 38-10N, 11-50E.
P 44 sailed at 1135/4 to patrol in
vicinity of position 38-30N, 11-10E.
P 43 sailed at 1715/4 to patrol in
vicinity of position 38-55N, 09-40E.
P 211 sailed at 1845/5 to establish a
patrol in the vicinity of position 37-10N, 09- 30W.
Departure of Main body of convoy from U.K. The
convoy, consisting of S.S. BURDWAN,
TROILUS, ORARI, CHANT (U.S.A.) and TANIMBAR (Dutch) left
U.K. on 4th June,
escorted by KENYA (Vice Admiral A.T.B. Curteis, Senior
Officer, Force T),
LIVERPOOL, ONSLOW (Captain D 17), ICARUS, ESCAPADE, MARNE,
BADSWORTH, MIDDLETON, BLANKNEY, KUJAWIAK, and BEDOUIN.
passage of the convoy from Gibraltar onwards was as
arrived at Malta carrying supplies of smoke
BEDOUIN, and KUJAWIAK arrived at Gibraltar.
WISHART, VIDETTE, ANTELOPE, ITHURIEL, and PARTRIDGE sailed
sailed from Gibraltar.
GERANIUM, COLTSFOOT, and BROWN RANGE (Force Y) sailed
BADSWORTH, MARNE, and MATCHLESS arrived.
MIDDLETON, ICARUS, and ESCAPADE arrived at Gibraltar
KENTUCKY escorted by HEBE, SPEEDY, HYTHE, and RYE, and
M.L.s 121, 134, 135, 168, 459, and 462 sailed from
and KUJAWIAK departed.
EAGLE, ARGUS, CAIRO, and WELSHMAN sailed.
CHARYBDIS, LIVERPOOL, ONSLOW, BADSWORTH, MATCHLESS, MARNE,
BLANKNEY, MIDDLETON, ICARUS, and ESCAPADE sailed from
tug SALVONIA sailed escorted by LADY HOGARTH
- P 43
claimed a hit on a cruiser of the EUGENIO DI SAVOIA class.
attack on ARGUS
attack on Port Quarter of Force T
attack on EAGLE
and T/B attacks on starboard side of Force T. LIVERPOOL
torpedoed. TANIMBAR probably torpedoed.
LIVERPOOL detached with ANTELOPE to Gibraltar.
badly afire amidships, sunk
attack on ARGUS
detached to join LIVERPOOL and ANTELOPE
MATCHLESS picked up Italian airmen from the sea.
attack. ARGUS, EAGLE, KENYA,
KENTUCKY, and TROILUS near missed.
detached to Malta
and D.B. attack ahead and on starboard bow of screen and
attack on starboard quarter and beam of Force T.
protection from Malta arrived.
- Force X
was detached from Force T in position 37-38N, 10-13E.
After dark, flares were dropped
by enemy aircraft in the vicinity of Zembra and Cape Bon.
- 8 J.U.
88s dive bombed Force X. SPEEDY
reported having sunk a U boat in position 37- 39N,
Beaufighters sighted and reported enemy cruisers.
sighted Italian cruisers. BEDOUIN
and 11th Destroyer Division attacked and fired torpedoes
without effect. CAIRO and 12th
Destroyer Division made smoke, and CAIRO closed
the enemy. BEDOUIN and PARTRIDGE
were damaged by shell fire.
Italian salvoes fell amongst the convoy but did no damage.
sunk during air attack by three direct hits. KENTUCKY
damaged by near misses.
by J.U. 87s. KENTUCKY and BURDWAN
immobilized by near misses.
picked up 5 Italian airmen from the sea.
altered course to southwest towards territorial waters and
later to a northwesterly course.
took KENTUCKY in tow, but S.O. X decided to cut his losses
and sink KENTUCKY and BURDWAN. Enemy aircraft arrived and
obligingly did this with
attack on Force W by three aircraft.
sighted Italian cruisers and destroyers
sailed from Malta to reinforce Force X, having unloaded,
oiled, and reammunitioned.
sunk in T/B attack. Survivors
picked up by Italian ships.
was ordered by V.A.C.N.A. to return to Gib.
rejoined Force X
J.U. 87 and 88 attack – no damage done.
air attack driven off by gunfire and fighters.
entry to Malta, KUJAWIAK, MATCHLESS, BADSWORTH, HEBE, and
S.S. ORARI were mined. KUJAWIAK sank within three minutes,
but the remaining ships were able to
ARGUS, ESCAPADE, WISHART, WRESTLER, and VIDETTE were
detached to Gibraltar.
and Force X left Malta for Gibraltar
was detached from Force X to proceed ahead to Gibraltar.
throughout the day until 2025.
EAGLE, ARGUS, ONSLOW, ICARUS, WISHART, ESCAPADE, WRESTLER,
VIDETTE, and PARTRIDGE arrived at Gibraltar.
escorted by WESTCOTT, ANTELOPE, PANTHER, SPIRAEA, JONQUIL,
LADY HOGARTH, SALVONIA, and M.L. 458 arrived at
Gibraltar. LIVERPOOL had been intermittently attacked by
all types of
aircraft attack from time of leaving Force T until 1430/15
MARNE, MIDDLETON, BLANKNEY, and ITHURIEL met. Desultory
H.L.B. and T/B attacks
on the force continued until 2130.
(Senior Officer, Force T) arrived
arrived at Gibraltar
MARNE, ITHURIEL, BLANKNEY, and MIDDLETON arrived at
ONSLOW, ESCAPADE, ICARUS, and PANTHER sailed for U.K.
RANGER, GERANIUM, and COLTSFOOT arrived.
BLANKNEY, MIDDLETON, MARNE, and PARTRIDGE sailed for the
sailed for Milford Haven
summary of the losses and ships damaged is as follows
in Malta Channel
by aircraft torpedo attack.
damaged by near misses then sunk by torpedo
by near misses then sunk by torpedo
during H.L.B. and T/B attack
during H.L.B. and T/B attack
shell hit on torpedo tubes – minor damage
from shell hits
hull damage from near misses
slight hull damage from near misses
in Malta Channel – damage unknown
mined in Malta Channel – damage unknown
- mined in
Malta Channel – damage unknown
in Malta Channel – damage unknown
WELSHMAN sailed from Clyde on 28th May with Spitfire
containers, and ammunition, and R.A.F. personnel. It was
intended that she should arrive on 1st June and sail
for Malta on the night of 1st June, so as to fit in with
Operation STYLE. On entering harbour at Gibraltar,
however, she collided with the boom and the tug SALVONIA
propellers and bows, so that she could not steam at high
speed or run
paravanes. The finding of the
board of Inquiry into this mishap was forwarded in my
latter No. 446/3701 of
25th June. Admiralty considered
transferring her stores to oiler KENTUCKY, but eventually
decided that she was
to take port in Operation HARPOON, a proportion of her
stores being transferred
to KENTUCKY and the minesweepers.
ON 29th JUNE
Three Italian aircraft attacked Gibraltar in this raid.
The alert was sounded at 0120 and the
all clear at 0224/29. The planes,
one of which was believed to be a P 108 were picked up
bearing 050 degrees, 60
miles at 0113B. They approached in
a westerly direction, crossed Spanish territory and then
from the north west. Objects fell
into the sea in the vicinity of the Northern Entrance,
apparently part of a
stick of 100 kg bombs, two of which fell on the Western
Arm of the North Mole
and exploded, causing slight damage. What appeared to be
anti personnel bombs were dropped at North Front
aerodrome. One Hudson was burnt
out, one Fulmar badly damaged, and one Swordfish slightly
damaged. Casualties to naval personnel and
civilians were nil. Personnel
injured were 4 R.A.F. 8 Army, 1 U.S. Air Force. British
Consul, Almeria, reported that three aircraft flew
low over Almeria at 0030, and the British Consul at Palma,
that a four engined bomber landed at Majorca at 0430,
refuelled, and took off
at 1300. This aircraft showed
signs of having been in action.
THE H.D.A. UNIT
"D" unit of the Harbour defence Asdic Installation was
inoperative due to grappling by a Spanish trawler whilst
Algeciras/Ceuta telegraph cable in approximately position
060 degrees, Carnero,
2 miles. The....(n.b. page 6 of Section I is not held).
II – GENERAL NARRATIVE
report from Almeria stated that it was possible
that "Spanish" reconnaissance aircraft fly off from Malaga
and change their
Spanish markings to Italian or German whilst in the air. A
later report from Naval Attache,
Madrid, stated that there was no confirmation of, or
foundation for, such a
SALVONIA, escorted by RYE, sailed at 0630 to
patrol in the vicinity of Cape de Gata in connection with
CHARYBDIS, WESTCOTT, WISHART, PARTRIDGE,
ITHURIEL, and ANTELOPE sailed at 0445 for Operation STYLE.
and ROTHER arrived, escorting S.S. HOPETARN.
KENTUCKY arrived at 1500.
report from British Naval Attache, Madrid, graded B
2, stated that two attacks had been made by German
aircraft on two British
ships off Cape Roca at 1600. Neither ship was damaged and
the aircraft flew off to the North.
S.S. CITY OF BREMEN was attacked at 1745 by
German aircraft and sank in position 49-57N, 11-35. The
entire crew landed at Vigo on 6th June.
sailed at 1900 for working up patrol South
of Alboran Island.
sailed at 1815, escorting tanker SLEMDAL to
Lisbon, parting company off the Tagus and returning direct
arrived at 0800, having escorted tanker
KENTUCKY to Gibraltar.
arrived from U.K. at 0830.
O.G. 84, escorted by STORK, GARDENIA,
MARIGOLD, and CONVOLVULUS arrived at 1200.
42 sailed at 1700 to establish a patrol in the
vicinity of position 38-10N, 11-50E, in connection with
Beaufighter on passage from U.K. forced landed at
1345 at Redelmar (30 kilometers from Malaga). The two
airmen were uninjured, and they destroyed the plane
and all papers by fire.
the Spanish S.S. CABO DE BUENA ESPERAZA was
proceeding through the Strait, after being examined and
cleared, 4 Dutchman
jumped overboard and were picked up by ANGLIA and landed
at Gibraltar. All were passengers booked to Curacao.
CHARYBDIS, WESTCOTT, WISHART, PARTRIDGE,
ITHURIEL, and ANTELOPE arrived at 0615 from Operation
SALVONIA escorted by RYE arrived at 0715.
44 sailed at 1135 to establish patrol in the
vicinity of position 38-30N, 11-10E and P 43 sailed at
1715 for patrol in
position 38-55N, 09-40. These were
preliminary moves in connection with Operation HARPOON.
was reported by Naval Attache, Lisbon, that in an
engagement between German aircraft and a British merchant
vessel off the Tagus
at 2030 no damage was suffered by either the ship or the
transit aircraft reported what appeared to be a
periscope wake, course 350 degrees, in position 42-42N,
09-15W at 1400.
German aircraft were seen flying off Sagres at
2130 in south easterly direction.
sailed at 0100 to escort the tanker SLEMDAL
to Lisbon being joined in position 35-58N, 06-01W at
0500/5 by ARMERIA to
provide additional escort. From
Lisbon, LEYLAND and ARMERIA were to return direct to
sailed at 2300 for Freetown.
211 sailed at 1845 to establish patrol in the
vicinity of position 37-10N, 09-03W.
enemy aircraft was reported off Peniche at 2000
Hudson aircraft reported that the French destroyer
L'ALCYON and one other destroyer were seen exercising in
01-08W at 2025.
Vessel MIRROR, escorted by STELLA CARINA,
sailed at 1700 to effect repairs to the Lisbon/Gibraltar
HOGARTH and ST NECTAN sailed at 1700 to meet
tanker MOSLI and escort her to Gibraltar.
arrived from U.K. at 0900.
0405, a Sunderland aircraft on A/S patrol sighted
and attacked a U boat on the surface in position 37-25N,
02-57E, course 045
degrees, at 12 knots. No hits were
obtained. A second Sunderland was
sent to continue the search.
1150, a Sunderland sighted and attacked a U boat
on the surface at 37-52N, 04-05E, course 080 degrees speed
14 knots. It was estimated that two hits with
depth charges were obtained. After
a further depth charge attack, oil and bubbles were seen.
A Catalina was sent to continue the
search but did not make contact.
arrived, escorting S.S. SHETLAND, at 1700.
escorted by WILD SWAN and BEAGLE arrived from
U.K. at 1800.
returned to Gibraltar at 1800 with defects.
sailed at 2130 for Operation SALIENT.
British Consul, Satander, reported that an
Italian U boat had entered harbour there at 1000 with
damage inflicted by
SALVONIA, escorted by COLTSFOOT, sailed at 0900
to patrol off Cape de Gata in connection with Operation
CAIRO, WESTCOTT, WISHART, PARTRIDGE, ITHURIEL,
WRESTLER, and ANTELOPE sailed for Operation SALIENT at
GERANIUM, and SPIRAEA arrived at 1030 from
escorting the outward bound tankers BENEDICK, COWRIE, and
Naval Attache, Madrid, reported that the
Italian U boat which had entered Santander had been
interned. She had been attacked by a British 3
engine plane on 2nd June about 80 miles from Finisterre,
and sustained severe
damage. She grounded near Gijon
and then entered Aviles where he effected repairs, sailing
at 2400/6. She was then attacked by three British
planes and finally fled into Santander harbour. Name or
number of the U boat had not yet been
ascertained. The crew numbered 60,
of which eight were seriously injured.
arrived at Malta at 1610C.
left Bermuda at 0900P for Gibraltar.
H.G. 84 sailed, escorted by the 36th Escort
Group (STORK, MARIGOLD, GARDENIA, and CONVOLVULUS) at
HEBE and SPEEDY arrived at 0700.
1129, a Catalina of 240 Squadron sighted and
attacked a U boat of the PERLA class in position 38-21N,
02-13E. Four 450 pound depth charges were
dropped and the U boat's crew were seen waving white flags
and abandoning ship. The U boat finally sank by the stern,
leaving a large patch of brown oil. The aircraft was
unable to pick up survivors owing to weather
conditions, but confirmatory photographs were obtained.
Catalina attacked a U Boat at 1242 in
position 38-12N, 02-00E, course 136 degrees, at ten knot,
but no hits were
1645 a Sunderland aircraft sighted a U boat in
position 37-46N, 00-36E course 305 degrees at eight knots.
The U boat dived before an attack could
2045, an H.M. ship reported a possible periscope
in position 205 degrees Cape de Gata, 26 miles.
German aircraft was sighted off Cape Roca at 0915
and JONQUIL sailed at 0600 to meet and escort
the Lisbon section of the H.G. convoy to join the main
body of the H.G. 84
– ROTHER to continue with the convoy to U.K. and JONQUIL
to return to
and WILD SWAN sailed at 1800 to overtake and
provide additional escort to H.G. 84 to U.K. WILD SWAN was
proceeding to the U.K. to refit.
CHARYBDIS, CAIRO, and destroyers arrived at
Gibraltar from Operation SALIENT between 0730 and 0930.
EAGLE flew on 12 Hurricanes in the
approaches to the Strait.
and SALVONIA arrived at 1030.
arrived at 1650.
27th M.L. Flotilla (M.L.s 278, 285, 296, 301,
302, 305, and 287) escorted by (n.b. in
text as ALMERIA) ARMERIA sailed at 2230 for
Swedish Red Cross ship VEGA arrived from
Marseilles on 10th June with 3 Norwegian and 4 Spanish
stowaways. The Norwegians (ex members of the
Norwegian tanker PRESIDENT HURMSCHMIDT)(n.b.
PRESIDENT HERRENSCHMIDT ?) were landed at
Gibraltar, but the Spanish continued to
Officer Submarines' 1447B proposed that PARTHIAN
and REGENT be transferred to 8th Submarine Flotilla on
Gibraltar. This was approved in
Sunderland aircraft sighted a submarine on the
surface in position 36-59N, 01-15W, course 244 degrees,
speed 4 knots at
1200. The submarine submerged and
was not attacked.
WISHART, VIDETTE, ANTELOPE, ITHURIEL, and
PARTRIDGE sailed at 0900 to rendezvous with W.S. 19Z (the
HARPOON convoy). WRESTLER sailed at 1250.
Officer, Force T (Vice Admiral A.T.B. Curteis,
K.C.B.) in KENYA, BEDOUIN, and KUJAWIAK arrived at 0015.
KENYA sailed again at 0400.
arrived from the U.K. at 1100.
RANGER, escorted by GERANIUM and COLTSFOOT
sailed at 2230 for Operation HARPOON.
BADSWORTH, MARNE, and MATCHLESS arrived at
MIDDLETON, ICARUS, and ESCAPADE arrived at
German aircraft was reported off Cape Roca at 1142
and off Peniche at 1255.
and KUJAWIAK sailed at 0215; MALAYA, ARGUS,
EAGLE, CAIRO, and WELSHMAN at 0350; CHARYBDIS, LIVERPOOL,
MATCHLESS, MARNE, BLANKNEY, MIDDLETON, ICARUS, and
ESCAPADE at 0400 – all
for Operation HARPOON.
oiler KENTUCKY, SPEEDY, HEBE, HYTHE, RYE, and
M.L.s 121, 135, 459, 134, 168, and 462 sailed at 0120 for
tanker MOSLI escorted by LADY HOGARTH and
LEYLAND arrived at 0825.
tug SALVONIA escorted by LADY HOGARTH sailed
at 0915 in connection with Operation HARPOON. She was to
establish a patrol in an area between 36-38N and
36-23N and longitude 02-30W and 02-11W.
arrived from escorting the Lisbon section of
the convoy to rendezvous with H.G. 84.
report from Santander stated that it was likely
that the Italian submarine at Santander would complete
temporary repairs on 14th. A later despatch said she was
TORELLI and that thought she was said to be interned, no
confirmation of this
had been forthcoming from the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
report from Coruna stated that a German U boat
(painted grey with 4 painted blue stars) entered Ferrol on
12th June and dry
docked. Seven wounded and 2 or 4
dead were landed. A large hole in
the bows was being repaired.
German aircraft was reported off Cape Roca at 1600,
1258B ordered SALVONIA and LADY HOGARTH
to proceed immediately to position 360 degrees Cape
Caxine, 30 miles, to
rendezvous with LIVERPOOL who had been torpedoed.
and GARDENIA escorting convoy H.G. 84 were
shadowed by a Focke Wulf aircraft at 1345 and later they
sighted a U boat on
the surface at 1710, bearing 303 degrees, 10 miles from
17-37W. The U boat was chased for
2 ¼ hours and engaged at long range by gunfire. When the U
boat finally submerged she
was attacked 7 times. There was no
definite evidence of destruction. Further U boats were
sighted at 1800, bearing 080 degrees, 10 miles from
position 42-36N, 17-18W, and at 2125 bearing 002 degrees
from the position of
the convoy. In both cases, the U
boats were chased away by the escorts.
sailed to rendezvous with SPIRAEA at 1300 in
position 180 degrees Europa Point 2 miles, thence to
proceed towards position
36-52N, 00-01W at best speed to meet and escort LIVERPOOL
who was in company
with ANTELOPE and WESTCOTT (LADY HOGARTH and SALVONIA were
arrived from Bathurst, and after refuelling
she sailed to meet and provide additional escort for
M.L.s were detailed and sailed at 2026 to
proceed to LIVERPOOL's position and provide advances A/S
0121, convoy H.G. 84 was attacked and at least two
ships sunk. At 0645, an escorting
A/S aircraft sighted a U boat in position 43-19N, 17-39W;
no contact was made
by a corvette of the escort which was sent to investigate.
and ISAAC SWEERS arrived from Bathurst at
0730 on route for U.K. and sailed again at 2230.
in position 300 degrees Cape Espichel, 15
miles, sighted a Focke Wulf aircraft steering south at
survivors of the British tanker DINSDALE, which
was torpedoed on 13th May, 120 miles S.S.W. of St. Paul's
Rock, arrived at
Gibraltar in the Spanish S.S. CUIDAD DE VALENCIA.
NECTAN sailed at 1000 to relived STELLA CARINA escorting
Cable Vessel MIRROR.
EAGLE, ARGUS, ONSLOW, ICARUS, WISHART,
ESCAPADE, WRESTLER, VIDETTE, and PARTRIDGE arrived a.m.
HARPOON. Entry into the harbour
was delayed on account of a thick fog in the Bay.
WESTCOTT, ANTELOPE, PANTHER, SPIRAEA,
JONQUIL, LADY HOGARTH, SALVONIA, and M.L. 458 arrived at
ONSLOW, ESCAPADE, ICARUS, and PANTHER sailed
for the UK at 2230B.
aircraft reported a submarine on the surface
which crash dived in position 45-38N, 05-25W at 0650
Officer, Force T (Vice Admiral A.T.B. Curteis,
K.C.B.) in KENYA arrived at 1703; WELSHMAN at 1815, and
CHARYBDIS at 1820
– all from Operation HARPOON.
MARNE, ITHURIEL, BLANKNEY, and MIDDLETON
arrived at 2100.
Naval Attache, Lisbon, reported a German
aircraft seen two miles off the coast in position 40-10N,
08-52W at 0945B.
in position 320 degrees Espichel, 12
miles, reported sighting a Focke Wulf aircraft steering
south at 1026.
sailed for Alexandria at 1830.
RANGER, escorted by GERANIUM, and COLTSFOOT
(Force Y in Operation HARPOON) arrived at 0230.
Officer, Force T, in KENYA escorted by
BLANKNEY, MIDDLETON, MARNE, and PARTRIDGE sailed at 2300
Attache, Madrid, reported that 12 days from
a.m. on June 20th had been allowed to the German U boat at
Ferrol, in which to
complete repairs to make her seaworthy.
General F.N. Mason-Macfarlane arrived and was
sworn in as Governor and Commander in Chief, Gibraltar.
arrived at Malta at 1000B.
arrived from Bermuda at 1100.
sailed at 2215B for Milford Haven.
arrived at 1130 from U.K.
CARINA sailed at 1445 with tanker MOSLI,
rendezvousing with LADY HOGARTH in position 35-58N, 06-01W
at 1900 and thence
escorting MOSLI until tanker BRITISH PRINCESS was met.
and ANTELOPE sailed at 1700 to carry out a
hunt for a U boat sighted by a transit aircraft in
position 36-22N, 07-08W at
1332. Four Hudson aircraft were
also engaged in sweeping the area in cooperation.
sailed at 1800 for U.K. escorted until 0200/22
and ANTELOPE returned from the A/S hunt at
1800. No contact had been made
with the enemy submarine.
sailed at 2300 to meet and provide
additional escort for convoy O.G. 85 to Gibraltar.
2328, P 43 attacked a U boat in position 38-01,
03-24E, course 045 degrees, 5 knots. No hits were
Naval Attache, Lisbon, reported that a
British Blenheim forced landed at Portobello Aerodrome
(39-20N, 09-10W) at
1600B. Crew and aircraft were
uninjured. The aircraft was seized
by the Army and the crew by the International Police.
Ponta Delgada reported a submarine in
position 38-13N, 27-20W at 1610 G.M.T. steering 225
and COLTSFOOT sailed to meet and escort the
Norwegian tanker SPINANGER to Gibraltar.
Naval Attache, Lisbon, reported a statement of
the Captain of CHAMPION (Flying Boat) that at 0920 G.M.T.
in position 214
degrees, 35 miles Lisbon, he sighted a northbound 6 or 7
thousand ton ship
flying the Spanish flag. She was
heavily laden and carried a deck cargo of 40 gallon drums.
211 arrived at 0900 from patrol in the
222 arrived at 1100 from U.K.
escorted by WISHART and VIDETTE and ANTELOPE
sailed at 1900 for exercises, thence (at 0300/24) to join
convoy W.S. 20. MALAYA was to provide ocean escort to
Freetown, and the three destroyers to provide escort to
the convoy till
position 38-05N, 22-24W, where they were to be detached to
escort NARKUNDA to
Funchal reported that an aircraft of unknown
nationality was seen passing Porto Moniz at 2045 G.M.T. on
22nd June. It appeared to drop an object into the
sea off Pargo Point.
Officer, Fayal, reported through Horta that
the pilot of a Pan American Clipper had sighted a
submarine just south of San
Mattheus Point, Pico Island at 1600 G.M.T.
British merchant vessel reported sighting a U boat
periscope in position 40-56N, 28-42W, course 290 degrees
at 1815 and another in
position 41-47N, 28-19W, course 230 degrees at 2153.
44 arrived at 1700 from Mediterranean Patrol.
civil aircraft reported sighting, at 2104Z, a
submarine in position 35-56N, 12-13E. Submarine was seen
to submerge. Its course and speed were not observed.
46 arrived at 1000 from U.K.
arrived from Bathurst at 1600 and sailed again
for U.K. at 2359.
sustained damage to after free flooding space
and oil feed group, during manoeuvres in the harbour.
Damage necessitated docking for an estimated period of 14
days to effect repairs. A full
report of the accident was forwarded to Admiralty in my
submission No. X
318/04700 of 17th July.
O.G. 89, escorted by FOWEY, STONECROP,
CARNATION, CAMPION, and WESTCOTT (local escort) arrived
between 1700 and 1900.
43 arrived at 1800 from Mediterranean Patrol. She claimed
to have obtained one hit on
an Italian cruiser and had made an unsuccessful attack on
a U boat.
report from British Consul, Santander, stated that
in view of the serious damage to the Italian submarine
there, it was unlikely
that repairs could be completed before 1st July.
OSKAIG sailed to rendezvous with S.S. ARDOELA
and escort her to Lisbon, thence proceeding to Y.1 patrol.
defence vessel PHYLLISIA arrived at 0900.
42 arrived from Mediterranean patrol.
HOGARTH and STELLA CARINA sailed at 1200 to meet
and escort tanker MALMANGER to Gibraltar.
tanker SPINANGER, escorted by SPIRAEA and
COLTSFOOT arrived at 2100.
U boats were reported southbound between Oporto
and Lisbon at 1200.
reported sighting 2 or 3 submarines in
position 31-23N, 22-27W.
NARKUNDA, escorted by WISHART, VIDETTE, and
ANTELOPE, arrived with Naval, Army, R.A.F., and W.R.N.S.
personnel at 1834.
report from British Naval Attache, Madrid, said
that the Minister of Foreign Affairs had stated that the
German U boat sailed
from Ferrol at 0450.
OSKAIG sighted a Focke Wulf aircraft in position
230 degrees Cape Espichel, 5 miles, at 1350.
arrived at Greenock at 1500.
Convoy H.G. 85 sailed at
1900 escorted by FOWEY, CARNATION, STONECROP, CAMPION,
GERANIUM. VIDETTE, JONQUIL,
and SPIRAEA sailed at 1800. VIDETTE, GERANIUM, and
COLTSFOOT were to escort the convoy to prudent
limit of endurance, thence sweep back too Gibraltar.
JONQUIL and SPIRAEA were to part company at 2330/4 unless
otherwise ordered and sweep back along the convoy's route
for 6 miles, thence
WESTCOTT and ANTELOPE sailed
at 0600 and after meeting WRESTLER and ITHURIEL in
position 360 degrees
Spartel, 5 miles, at 0815, proceeded to carry out an A/S
and R.D.F. sweep along
H.G. 85's route.
Madrid reported that all
hope of repairing U boat at Cartagena had been abandoned.
REPORT – JUNE 1942
of Convoys, routeing of independent
ships, promulgation of latest Admiralty instructions to
merchant vessels, issue
and withdrawal of confidential books and route work of
Naval Control Service
carried out as usual.
84 arrived 3rd June
85 arrived 25th June
84 consisting of 23 ships (Commodore H.T.
Hudson, RNR) sailed 9th June.
85 consisting of 21 ships (Commodore L.G.E.
Crabbe, RNR) sailed 30th June. S.S. COMO returned with
June, Norwegian tanker MOSLI arrived from
Trinidad with Admiralty fuel and lubricating oil. Sailed
for Curacao via Trinidad 20th June.
June, British tanker BRITISH PRINCESS, bound for
U.K. arrived after having failed to join S.L. convoy.
Sailed in H.G. 85 on 30th June.
June, Norwegian tanker SPINANGER arrived from
Trinidad to discharge Admiralty fuel oil.
June, S.S. HOPETARN arrived from U.K. with
Government Stores and service personnel, loaded iron ore
and cork at Huelva and
Lisbon, respectively, and sailed as Commodore's Ship in
H.G. 85. During the month 18 vessels in addition
to the tankers mentioned above had been routed
independently – 9 into the
June, Admiralty promulgated new form of
recognition procedure for merchant ships to come into
force 15th July.
June, Admiralty requested the views of Commanders
in Chief on the possibility of H.M. ships keeping an
approximate plot of allied
merchant vessels as an additional safeguard against enemy
allied recognition procedure.
June, Admiralty promulgated diverting
authorities for merchant ships in various areas,
consequent on BUSRA (British
United Stated Routeing Agreement) coming into force.
ATLANTIC LETTER OF PROCEEDING – No. 31
Remarks of the Vice Admiral Commanding
EMPIRE SHACKLETON arrived at Gibraltar in convoy
O.G. 85 on 25th June, carrying 32 cased Spitfires.
was originally intended that the operation should start on
2nd July, but
Admiralty's 2327B/1st July, ordered the operation to be
postponed until 12th
July. D 1 was eventually decided
upon as 14th July.
embarked six Sea Hurricanes for fighter protection of the
force, and together
with CHARYBDIS, CAIRO, WESTCOTT, WRESTLER, ITHURIEL,
ANTELOPE, and VANSITTART
sailed at 0500/14th July.
DAY, escorted by HAARLEM, had already sailed at 2200/13 to
patrol in the
vicinity of Cape de Gata. ST DAY
was carrying a portable salvage pump.
force was reported by enemy aircraft at 0830B and again at
0845B. 32 Spitfires were flown off in
approximate position 37-59N, 03-05E in four flights
between 0613 and 0753 on
15th July. One plane crashed on
taking off, the pilot being saved, but the plane was
jettisoned. Four flights of Spitfires numbering 31
in all landed safely at Malta.
EAGLE, CHARYBDIS, CAIRO, WESTCOTT, WRESTLER, ITHURIEL,
VANSITTART arrived back at Gibraltar during the morning of
16th. EAGLE arriving at 1025. A full report of the
forwarded in my submission No. X 336/401 of 25th July
EMPIRE DARWIN, EMPIRE KESTREL, and EMPIRE TERN brought
cased Spitfires to
Gibraltar, arriving in convoy O.G. 86 on 14th July.
Between them, they carried 32 aircraft. Several cases were
damaged, as reported
to Admiralty in my signal timed 1248B/18.
ST DAY, escorted by LORD HOTHAM, sailed at 2335/19 to
patrol in the vicinity of
Cape de Gata in case she was required for rescue
Having embarked 31 Spitfires, and six Sea Hurricanes for
EAGLE, accompanied by CHARYBDIS, CAIRO, WESTCOTT,
WRESTLER, ITHURIEL, ANTELOPE,
and VANSITTART sailed between 0415 and 0445 on 20th July.
21st July, in position 37-48N, 02-05E four heavy
underwater explosions were
heard, one very close to EAGLE, and a green flash was
seen. It was presumed that these were caused
by torpedoes from a U boat attack.
Spitfires were flown off in position 38-01N, 03-05E,
between 0726 and 0850 on
21st. One was unserviceable and
did not take off, and the long range petrol tank of
another developed a defect
after the plane had taken off. The
pilot was ordered to bail out, but his parachute failed to
open and he was
killed. The 28 Spitfires flew in
four flights and landed safely on Malta.
the return passage, the force was sighted by enemy
aircraft at 0830 and 0900 on
21st. The former was engaged by
gunfire and the latter was damaged by Sea Hurricane flown
off from EAGLE. The force passed Alboran Island and
entered harbour at 1035. A full
report of the operation was forwarded in my submission No.
X. 342/401 of 29th
July, and a report on the death of the pilot of the
Spitfire in my No. X.
343/03500 of 29th July.
MALTA IN WELSHMAN
WELSHMAN left Greenock at 2030/9th July, carrying
personnel and stores
(mainly edible oils, powdered milk, kerosene, and vitamin
arrived at Gibraltar at 0040/14, speed having been
adjusted so that she remained
out of sight of land to the westward until after dark. She
was refuelled from the tanker SAN
CLAUDIO in the Bay, and sailed again at 0500, thus taking
advantage of the
cover afforded by Operation PINPOINT.
WELSHMAN was probably reported by aircraft at 1323B/15 and
attacked by 29 planes, including high level pattern
bombing by S 79s and dive
bombing by J.U. 87s and 88s. There
was several near misses and one bomb exploded under the
keel; no damage was
sustained, however, and WELSHMAN arrived at Malta at
During her stay at Malta, WELSHMAN was not subjected to
air attack, and
bad weather was the sole cause of her departure being
1950B/18. Her departure was
thought to have be unobserved by the enemy, though she was
reported by enemy
aircraft at 0920B/19. An attack by
5 J.U. 88s and 15 S.M. torpedo bombers developed at 1415,
and two very near
misses from bombs and a near miss close ahead from a
torpedo were sustained. There were no casualties, and the
resultant damage was such as not to affect steaming.
WELSHMAN arrived at Gibraltar at 1430B/20th, and sailed
again for U.K. at 1000/22.
MERCHANT SHIPS IN THE COMMERCIAL ANCHORAGE
14th July, between 0430 and 2000, four ships were damaged
by Italian "limpet"
mines, most probably attached by persons working from
fishing vessels and
wearing D.S.E.A. gear. My
submissions Nos. X 320/04519 of 17.7.42, X 323/04519 of
19.7.42, and X
327/04519 of 19.7.42 refer.
finding of the Board of Inquiry into the incident was
forwarded under my
submission No. 351/04903 of 2nd August 1942.
OF THE AIR RAID ON GIBRALTAR – 29.6.42
British Air Attache, Madrid, has reported that one Piaggio
from the raid on Gibraltar on 29th June crash landed on
the beach near Puig,
Valencia. The Spanish Air Minister
has stated that the crew of seven (one wounded) have been
British Vice Consul, Cartagena, reported that a four
forced landed at Alcazares aerodrome in the early hours of
29th June, and five
members of the crew were wounded. The plane had received
serious damage from A.A. fire.
British Consul, Palma, Majorca, stated that a four engine
landed there at 0430/29. It
refuelled and took off again at 1300 the same day. It had
signs of damage.
– W/T RESTRICTIONS
British Naval Attache, Madrid, states that by a Spanish
Order, now in force, ship owners are forbidden to
communicate with Spanish
ships at sea when in Spanish waters, and ships' Masters
may not use W/T to
anybody except the Spanish authorities. Owners are also
forbidden to cable Masters when in foreign ports, though
they may cable the ships' agents.
SENT IN TO GIBRALTAR
trawlers PRIMER ENRIQUE, SEGUNDO ENRIQUE, and MARIA LUISA
were intercepted in
position 36-00N, 06-50W close astern of convoy H.G. 85 at
1015/1st July, and
were sent in to Gibraltar under armed guards. A full
report of the occurrence was forwarded to Admiralty
under my submission number X 282/1071 of 3rd July 1942.
OF FRENCH S.S. MITIDJA
222 sailed to carry out a patrol off the West Coast of
Sardinia at 1915/18 and
was recalled on 20th July as she was required to be
available at Gibraltar.
Admiralty's 1341/23 ordered P 222 to establish a patrol on
route of French S.S. MITIDJA (suspected of carrying a
cargo of cobalt for
Germany) in the region 30 miles from Cape Palos on a line
joining that point
with Oran. All available
information concerning this ship was passed to P 222 in my
search did not reveal any trace of the ship, so I ordered
P 222 in my signal
times 1106B/25 to return to Gibraltar. Admiralty's
1313B/25, however instructed P 222 to remain on patrol,
I directed her to comply with this order in my 0106B/26.
Admiralty's 2311B/25 instructed me to
recall P 222 at noon on 26th if MITIDJA had not been
1055/26 aircraft located the ship, and I ordered P 222 to
intercept (My signal
222's 2020B/26 reported that the ship had been boarded,
but that search was
impossible. MITIDJA had been able
to warn Oran by W/T of her interception. The Master
refused to continue to Gibraltar unless the boarding party
remained. My 0008B/27 ordered the
submarine to remove the boarding party after dismantling
the French Ship's
wireless, order her to proceed to Gibraltar, and to sink
her if she did not
comply. Admiralty's 0056B/27
instructed me to send a corvette or a destroyer to assist
P 222 and I according
informed P 222 that WRESTLER was being sent, and that
MITIDJA should not be
sunk. My 0240B/27 ordered WRESTLER
to proceed with despatch and take over the escorting of
222's 0725B/27 reported that the French destroyer "T 21"
had taken over the
escorting of the French ship, and WRESTLER and P 22 were
accordingly ordered to
return to Gibraltar, but Admiralty's 1041B/27 ordered them
to shadow them and
await further instructions. This
was cancelled in Admiralty's 1336B/27, which ordered the
ships to return to
Gibraltar. WRESTLER arrived at
2230B/27 and P 222 at 0830/28.
report of the incident was forwarded to the Admiralty
under submission No. X
363/395 of 8th August 1942.
SUBMARINES IN NEUTRAL TERRITORIAL WATERS
Admiralty's signal times 1031B/21st July, promulgated
concerning the right to attack U boats in neutral
The main features of the new policy are:
The territorial waters of Portugal and
Portuguese possessions might be entered, in addition
to those of Spain, Spanish territories and Tangier.
U boats in
harbour (in sight or in contact) are not to be attacked by
H.M. Ships or aircraft except on express orders from the
completion of attack on a U boat, aircraft are not to
remain over Spanish territorial waters longer than is
observe the results of the attack.
can, by night, enter territorial waters in areas where
their presence is unlikely to be observed.
A U boat which has put into a Spanish
port for repairs or for any other reason, is not be
attacked within territorial waters on leaving, with
authority from Admiralty.
importance of avoiding unnecessary infringement of Spanish
Sovereignty was stressed
These revised rules were promulgated on the North Atlantic
Gibraltar War Orders Nos. 5, 35, and 92 being suitably
and WRESTLER arrived at 1415, ITHURIEL at
1550, and ANTELOPE at 2000 from A/S and R.D.F. sweep along
the route of H.G.
tug SALVONIA, escorted by LORD NUFFIELD,
sailed at 2230 to patrol in the vicinity of Cape de Gata
in connection with
Operation PINPOINT. The operation
was later postponed and the ships recalled.
arrived at 2030 from U.K.
sailed at 2300 for Freetown.
neutral vessel reported having sighted an Italian U
boat lying off Tarifa.
of the Gibraltar Coast Watching Flotilla,
reported sighted the German ATLAS in position 40-32N,
03-40E, course 140
degrees at 1700 G.M.T.
46 sailed at 2045 and P 222 at 1830 for working up
patrols in the vicinity of Alboran Island.
left Y patrol at 0700B to relieve ST NECTAN
who was escorting the Cable Vessel MIRROR, and on relief
by LORD NUFFIELD (who
left Gibraltar at 1200) proceeded to Y.1 patrol.
and ANTELOPE sailed at 1740 to provide
additional escort to convoy H.G. 85 to prudent limit of
Wulf aircraft were reported to be in the
vicinity of convoy H.G. 85. Three
German aircraft were seen off Peniche at 1055, one at
1210, and another at
report from Santander stated that the Italian U
boat which had entered that port had completed repairs and
was ready to sail.
HOTHAM and Rescue tugs CHARON and PRUDENT sailed
from Greenock in convoy O.G. 86.
sailed at 1930 for working up patrol in the
vicinity of Alboran Island.
211 sailed at 1930B for patrol off east coast of
was ordered to return to Gibraltar forthwith,
to arrive, if possible, by 2000B/5. She was providing
additional escort for convoy H.G. 85.
COLTSFOOT, ITHURIEL, and ANTELOPE who were
acting as local escort for H.G. 85 were ordered to return
to Gibraltar as soon
as BOADICEA and GEORGETOWN joined the convoy.
222, P 46, and UTMOST left their patrol areas and
proceeded to the northward.
arrived at Gibraltar at 1900.
1150, a transit Halifax sighted an unidentified
vessel in position 44N, 09W. She
had one funnel and a low slender hull, and was proceeding
fast in a northerly
escorted by WISHART, VIDETTE, and WRESTLER
sailed at 1300 for U.K. VIDETTE
and WRESTLER were to part company in position 45-00N,
17-30W at 0900/9 and
escort LLANSTEPHAN CASTLE to Gibraltar.
and ANTELOPE arrived at 0600 from escorting
convoy H.G. 85.
and SPIRAEA arrived at 1435 from providing
additional escort for convoy H.G. 85.
and COLTSFOOT were ordered to proceed to
meet tanker ENSIS and escort her to Gibraltar.
arrived at Freetown at 2200.
transit aircraft reported a submarine on the
surface travelling fast, course 212 degrees, in position
44-23N, 09-00W. The submarine which was of medium size,
dived almost immediately.
sailed at 1900 with stores for Malta.
LADY HOGARTH, and STELLA CARINA sailed at
2200 to escort tankers SPINANGER and MALMANGER until
tanker ALEXIA was met, the
latter tanker to be escorted to Gibraltar.
P 46, and P 222 were ordered to leave patrol
at 2230/9 and return to Gibraltar.
Catalina reported sighting a brilliantly lit 10,000
ton tanker 10 miles west of Burling Island, northbound at
42 sailed at 1900 for Malta
and GERANIUM escorting tanker ENSIS arrived
CARVALHO ARAUJO, suspected of carrying
contraband, who had left Funchal on 7th July, was
intercepted and sent into
Gibraltar for examination.
Swiss S.S. ST CERGUE arrived with the crew
(numbering 100) and 12 British passengers ex the Dutch
which had been torpedoed at 0731 on 26th June in position
31-56N, 54-48W by a
submarine of about 1000 tons. The
submarine had a device of playing cards (aces) in a white
circle on the conning
tower. All U.S. nationals in
JAGERSFONTEIN had been taken to Bermuda in a U.S.
44 sailed at 1830 for Malta.
471 and 463 sailed a.m. to overtake Spanish
S.S. CASTILLO VERA and escort her into Gibraltar. She was
intercepted and sent in.
46 arrived at 1910, P 222 at 1045, and UTMOST at
1750 all from Mediterranean working up patrols.
Consul, Tetuan, reported (ungraded) that
arrangements were being made at Ensanada apparently to
refuel submarines during
dark hours a.m. on 10th.
Naval Attache, Lisbon, reported a German
aircraft seen off Sagres at 0935, off Cape Roca at 1037,
and off Peniche at
1055, flying north.
CASTLE, escorted by VIDETTE and WRESTLER
arrived at 0700.
tug SALVONIA, escorted by ARCTIC RANGER, was
sailed at 1800 to meet LOWESTOFT, who had been damaged in
a collision with
F.F.S. LEOPARD and tow her to Gibraltar.
escorting three merchant ships, was
attacked by a Focke Wulf aircraft in position 360 degrees
Cape Vincent, 10
miles. The ships obtained hits
with close range weapons and the aircraft flew off to the
Northward. Gunfire was later heard. A Spanish merchant
vessel was believed
to be the only other ship in the vicinity.
aircraft were sighted off Cape Roca at 1100
and 1220, both flying north.
DAY, escorted by HAARLEM sailed at 2200 to patrol
in the vicinity of Cape de Gata in connection with
37 arrived at 1200 from U.K.
arrived at 0030 and refuelled in the Bay, sailing
again for Malta at 0430.
LORD HOTHAM arrived at 0830
escorting S.S. SOUTHGATE.
Convoy O.G. 86, escorted by
STORK, DEPTFORD, MARIGOLD, CONVOLVULUS, SAMPHIRE, and
RHODODENDRON. Tugs CHARON and PRUDENT arrived with
DIOMEDE arrived at 1115
from Freetown and sailed again for U.K. at 2230.
SPIRAEA and GERANIUM sailed
at 1900 to meet and escort tankers BRITISH YEOMAN and
ORWELL to Gibraltar.
EAGLE, CHARYBDIS, CAIRO,
WRESTLER, WESTCOTT, ITHURIEL, ANTELOPE, and VANSITTART
sailed at 0500 for Operation
EMERALD left Freetown at
1800Z for U.K. via Gibraltar.
British Consul, Santander,
reported that the Italian U boat LUIGI TORELLI interned
there, had left dock,
and after trials, had sailed at 1630 G.M.T.
Four ships were damaged in
the Commercial Anchorage as a result of explosions caused
by Italian "limpet"
mines between 0430 and 2000. (See fuller details in
ST NECTAN sailed at 1000 to
relieve LORD NUFFIELD who was escorting the Cable Vessel
PHOEBE arrived at 0800 from
DANAE left Bathurst at
1500Z for U.K. via Gibraltar.
PHOEBE sailed at 0700 for
Force H, consisting of
EAGLE, CHARYBDIS, CAIRO, WRESTLER, WESTCOTT, ITHURIEL,
ANTELOPE, and VANSITTART
arrived a.m. from Operation PINPOINT. (See fuller details
in Section I).
ST NECTAN sailed at 2000 to
meet and escort LOWESTOFT, who was in tow of RAJPUTANA.
LADY HOGARTH and STELLA
CARINA arrived at 1400 escorting the tanker ALEXIA.
A transit aircraft reported
a U boat, which later dived, in position 36-29N, 07-21W,
course 116 degrees, at
Cable vessel MIRROR arrived
at 0930 escorted by LORD NUFFIELD.
A transit aircraft reported
a submarine on the surface in approximate position 36-00N,
06-00W, course 090
degrees, speed 8 knots at 1625. Three destroyers, two
sloops, and two corvettes were sailed to hunt, and
the Strait patrols were reinforced.
RHODODENDRON attacked a
submarine periscope sighted in position 35-59N, 05-49W at
2010. Contact was obtained, but lost again
after a second attack, and no results were observed.
P 222 sailed at 1915 for
patrol off coast of Sardinia.
IMPERIALIST sailed at 1445
escorting S.S. BARON FORBES to Lisbon, thence assumed Y.1
Naval Attache, Madrid,
reported that the German U boat at Cartagena would
probably not be more than
half repaired by August 3rd (the date on which the time
limit expired), but
that she would be able to navigate on the surface on one
engine at 8 knots before
PARTHIAN arrived at Malta
EMERALD arrived at 0900
H.M.I.S. KONKAN arrived at
1500. She had been escorting the
damage LOWESTOFT. H.M.I.S.
RAJPUTANA, who had also been escorting arrived at 1930.
SENNEN was ordered to
proceed to locate and stand by S.S. LAVINGTON COURT, who
had been torpedoed and
abandoned in position 42-38N, 25-28W at 0025 G.M.T. on
Tug ST DAY, escorted by
LORD HOTHAM, sailed at 2335 to patrol in the vicinity of
Cape de Gata in
connection with Operation INSECT.
CLYDE sailed for Malta with
stores at 1900.
STELLA CARINA and LEYLAND
sailed at 1000 to meet and escort tanker HALLANGER to
EMERALD sailed at 0615 for
RHODODENDRON, escorting the
tugs CHARON and PRUDENT sailed at 0530 to salvage S.S.
EAGLE, CHARYBDIS, CAIRO,
WRESTLER, WESTCOTT, ITHURIEL, ANTELOPE, and VANSITTART
sailed between 0400 and
0500 for Operation INSECT.
HAARLEM sailed at 1200 to
rendezvous with RHODODENDRON, PRUDENT, and CHARON, and
endeavour to locate
LAVINGTON COURT. She was to
proceed in any case to U.K.
LOWESTOFT, escorted by
ARCTIC RANGER and ST NECTAN and towed by rescue tug
SALVONIA arrived at 1130.
WELSHMAN arrived at 1430
from Malta. A report of her
passage is contained in Section I.
P 42 arrived at Malta at
A transit aircraft reported
sighting a periscope in position 36-22N, 07-21W at 1618.
British Consul, Lisbon,
reported that a U boat had grounded off the coast in
position 41-45N, 08-54W at
1400B. She was last seen steering
North at 4 knots on the surface and leaking oil.
A transit aircraft reported
attacking a J.U. 88 aircraft in position 44-09N, 08-21W at
1215. The enemy aircraft was later seen in
DANAE arrived at 0800 from
Convoy H.G. 86 escorted by
STORK (E.G. 36), DEPTFORD, SAMPHIRE MARIGOLD, and
CONVOLVULUS sailed at 1830.
JONQUIL picked up 28
survivors of the S.S. SIRIS in position 23-48N, 18-59W at
British Consul, Lisbon,
reported that further information confirmed that the U
boat which ran aground
off Montedor Light, grounded a second time 3 miles further
north. She continued North at slow speed on
P 43 sailed for Malta at
DANAE sailed for U.K. at
WELSHMAN sailed for U.K. at
EAGLE, WESTCOTT, WRESTLER,
ITHURIEL, and ANTELOPE arrived at 1030 and CAIRO,
CHARYBDIS, and VANSITTART at
1200 from Operation INSECT. A full
report is contained in Section I.
VIDETTE sailed at 1800 to
overtake and provide additional escort to convoy H.G. 86
to prudent limit of
endurance, thence returning to Gibraltar.
LORD HOTHAM and ST DAY
returned from Operation INSECT.
P 44 arrived at Malta at
SENNEN and F.F.S.
COMMANDANT D'ESTIENNE D'ORVES arrived escorting S.S.
GERANIUM and SPIRAEA
arrived at 1300 escorting the Norwegian tanker ORWELL.
EMERALD arrived at Plymouth
IMPERIALIST sighted a Focke
Wulf aircraft steering south in position 300 degrees Cape
Espichel, 10 miles,
at 0808, and at 1055, in position 215 degrees Cape
Espichel, 10 miles, 2 more
Focke Wulf which circled but did not attack.
VIDETTE in position 36-32N,
10-03W, reported a Focke Wulf shadowing at 0900. The
aircraft eventually flew off to the South East.
LLANSTEPHAN CASTLE sailed
at 0500 escorted to position 45-01N, 18-12W by ITHURIEL
and ANTELOPE who were
to return to Gibraltar, on relief by MALCOLM and SWALE at
SENNEN and F.F.S.
COMMANDANT D'ESTIENNE D'ORVES sailed at 0800 with C.A.M.
ship EMPIRE SHACKLETON
to meet convoy S.L. 116.
P 211 arrived at 0730 from
patrol off the east coast of Sardinia.
H.M.I.S. KONKAN sailed at
1830 for Freetown.
Naval Attache, Madrid,
reported that repairs on the German U boat at Cartagena
slowly. There was possibility of
the ship being sold to Spain.
STORK, with convoy H.G. 86,
reported being shadowed by two Focke Wulf aircraft in
position 37-52N, 14-18W
H.M.I.S. RAJPUTANA sailed
at 1100 for Freetown.
WELSHMAN arrived at Milford
Haven at 0945B.
SPIRAEA and GERANIUM sailed
at 1945 escorting the tankers ALEXIA and ORWELL until
2200/30, thence to sweep
back to Gibraltar.
DANAE arrived at Greenock at
LORD HOTHAM sailed at 1400
to meet IMPERIALIST (who was escorting S.S. MERKLAND,
GRODNO, and BARON FORBES
and the trawlers PORT MADOC and PORT JACKSON) and provided
additional escort to
WRESTLER was ordered to
proceed to assistance of P 222 who had intercepted French
S.S. MITIDJA. (See Section I report)
VIDETTE arrived at 1700
from escorting convoy H.G. 86.
JONQUIL arrived at 1800.
WRESTLER arrived at
Gibraltar at 2230.
Naval Attache, Lisbon,
reported that in an engagement between a patrol vessel and
an aircraft in
position 37-00N, 08-20W, at 1355 G.M.T. it was believed
the aircraft was shot
P 222 arrived at 1830,
having been ordered to return from patrol. She had been
forced to release MITIDJA on arrival of a
French destroyer (See report in Section I).
P 37 sailed at 1800 to
patrol in area "P.P."
MANSFIELD, who had been
searching for LAVINGTON COURT, arrived at 1300.
GEORGETOWN, who had been similarly engaged, arrived at
O 24 arrived at 1500 from
Spanish S.S. ICLAR landed
22 survivors from the Yugo Slav S.S. TRIGLAV, which had
been torpedoed and sunk
in position 26-47N, 48-10W on 9th July.
ITHURIEL arrived at 0800
and ANTELOPE at 1330. Both had been
escorting LLANSTEPHAN CASTLE.
CLYDE arrived at Malta at
A report from Las Palmas
stated that a reliable informant had said that a loaded
seaplane with French
colours based at Port Etienne made frequent short flights
out to sea and came
back empty. It was presumed that
she was carrying supplies, though the destination was
British Naval Attache,
Madrid, reported that the U boat at Cartagena was still in
the floating dock,
and there was a possibility of her leaving before the time
though an extension of time had been asked for. He
suggested a daily air reconnaissance of Cartagena.
A delivery Beaufort sighted
a submarine on the surface in position 37-40N, 09-45E at
1642B, course 310,
speed 10 knots.
H.M.I.S. KONKAN arrived at
Bathurst at 1800Z.
P 34 arrived at Malta at
REPORT – JULY 1942
of Convoys, routeing of independent
ships, promulgation of latest Admiralty instructions to
merchant vessels, issue
and withdrawal of confidential books and route work of
Naval Control Service
carried out as usual.
86 arrived 14th July.
86, consisting of 18 ships (Commodore E.K.
Boddam-Whetham, RNR in S.S. ARDEOLA) sailed 21st July.
Three ships damaged by enemy mines were
unable to sail. S.S. OUSEL towing
trawler GROUIN DU COU returned from convoy being unable to
speed with trawler in tow. Sailed
without tow, in company of EMPIRE SHACKLETON, 24th July to
join S.L. convoy to
the United Kingdom.
July, Norwegian tanker MALMANGER arrived from
Trinidad with Admiralty fuel oil. Sailed for Trinidad 9th
July, Norwegian tanker SPINANGER sailed for
Curacao via Trinidad.
July, British tanker ENSIS, bound for the United
Kingdom, arrived from Curacao, having failed to contact
S.L. Convoy. Sailed in H.G. 86 on 21st July.
July, British tanker ALEXIA arrived from
Trinidad to discharge Admiralty fuel oil. Sailed for
Trinidad 27th July, after
being delayed by engine defects.
July, Norwegian tanker ORWELL arrived from
Curacao with Admiralty furnace oil. Sailed for Curacao via
Trinidad 27th July.
July, Norwegian tanker HALLANGER arrived from
Curacao with Admiralty fuel and Diesel Oil.
July, S.S. EMPIRE SPEY arrived from the United
Kingdom with Government Stores and Service personnel.
Sailed 24th July to load iron ore at Huelva.
the month 23 vessels in addition to the
tankers mentioned above had been routed independently – 11
July, Admiralty gave instructions that, to assist
in plotting positions of independently routed ships,
Masters of ships fitted
with H/F are to be told that, except when in convoy, they
are to report by
night every three days after leaving harbour their
position by W/T as bearing
and distance from the nearest lettered position on their
July, Admiralty gave instructions regarding the
use of Admiral Net Defence (A.N.D.) Equipment by merchant
July, Revised Recognition Procedure for Merchant
Vessels, based on Identification Signals taken from S.P.
02296 M, came into
July, Admiralty instructed that Gibraltar
convoys are to run on a 20 days' cycle, commencing with
O.G. 88, H.G. convoys to sail 17 days after the
sailing date of the O.G. convoys, subject to the Escorts
having 4 days at
July, Admiralty amended orders regarding the
number of passengers allowed to be carried in ships under
a speed of 12 knots,
increasing the number permitted WHEN
SHIP IS IN CONVOY to 50 passengers.
July, Admiralty stated that, in future, two
C.A.M. ships will be included in each Gibraltar convoy.
July, Admiralty amended orders given on 1st July
(see above) regarding ships fitting with H.F. reporting
their position by W.T.
to restrict such reports to time when ships are in British
areas of strategic
July, Admiralty gave orders that ships bound for
Gibraltar or Freetown from Gulf of Mexico or Caribbean
are, if fitting with H/F
transmission, to report their position on the night after
crossing 26 degrees
West. If not fitted with H/F
transmission and if not already met by an escort, they are
to report their
position, if bound for Gibraltar on crossing 15 degrees